QMRP / QIDP / QDDP is an acronyms used by the United States federal government in regard to care facilities for people with developmental disabilities. The acronym stands for Qualified Mental Retardation Professional /Qualified Intellectual Disabilities Professional / Qualified Developmental Disabilities Professional. These terms were coined under federal standards in regard to ICF/MR homes developed in the late 1970s and early 1980s as QMRP. With the 2010 signing of Rosa's Law http://www.opencongress.org/bill/111-s2781/show President Obama changed the terminology from "Mental Retardation" to "Intellectual Disability". This change has prompted several states and organizations to change the designation of a QMRP to QDDP representing "Qualified Developmental Disability Professional". Some states have already started making a change in the terminology to "QIDP" to represent "Qualified Intellectual Disability Professional". States like Texas made the change in mid-2012. Other states will likely make the change during the next few years. It is also possible that as the facilities, usually large institutional settings or small group home settings known as ICF/MR, ICF/ID, or ICF/IDD start to phase out or convert into other programs such as waiver type settings for people with disabilities that the term QMRP/QIDP/QDDP may be removed completely.
Some states such as California require a QMRP to be licensed in the state to work as a QMRP. States such as Texas, which has in excess of nine hundred ICF/MR homes, and Alabama do not require the QMRP to be licensed.
All person's working as a QMRP are required to meet the minimum requirements as outlined in: APPENDIX J SURVEY PROCEDURES AND INTERPRETIVE GUIDELINES FOR INTERMEDIATE CARE FACILITIES FOR PERSONS WITH MENTAL RETARDATION
W 160 through W163 of the above guidelines outlines that a QMRP must have a minimum of one year experience working with people diagnosed as having Mental Retardation with a minimum of a Bachelor's degree in the human service or related field of study. Registered Nurses and physicians also qualify under standards to serve as a QMRP.
Several organizations have developed in support of the position of the QMRP. The most notable organization, The National Association of QMRPs, holds annual meetings around the United States and offers a network for QMRPs to stay in contact with other QMRP groups. Note that the national organization has changed its name to remove "the "R" word", in a nod to ongoing criticism of a word which has acquired stigma creep. There are several individual organizations in states to provide training and resources to QMRP's. Some organizations have started providing consulting services including training, standards, and reports such as The Private Provider's Association of Texas, My QMRP and The QMRP a California based organization.
- A Short Look at Rosa's Law and What it Changes http://myqidp.com/Rosa%27s%20Law%20and%20changes.pdf