|Traded as||ASX: AZJ|
|Founded||2004 (as QR National)|
|Number of locations||59|
|Area served||Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia|
|Key people||Lance Hockridge, Managing Director & CEO|
|Products||Coal, bulk and containerised freight|
|Services||Logistics, supply chain management, line haul and terminal operations|
|Employees||7, 969 (June 2013)|
|Divisions||Network, Coal, Iron Ore & Freight|
|Subsidiaries||Australian Railroad Group, CRT Group, Interail|
Aurizon, formerly QR National, is a publicly listed rail freight company in Australia. Formerly owned by the Government of Queensland, its assets were transferred to a new company QR National Limited in July 2010 in preparation for it being floated on the Australian Securities Exchange in November 2010. Aurizon is Australia's largest rail freight company.
QR National was established in the 2004/05 financial year when Queensland Rail's coal, bulk and containerised business units were brought under one banner. It was formed with the charter to operate freight services in Queensland and around Australia, expanding though the winning of contracts and the acquisition of other companies. QR National was rebranded as Aurizon in December 2012.
Each day the company moves on average more than 700,000 tonnes of coal, iron ore and other minerals as well as agricultural products and general freight across the national. With operations across five states, Aurizon manages the 2,670 kilometre Central Queensland coal network that links mines to coal ports at Bowen, Mackay and Gladstone and is the largest haulier of iron ore outside the Pilbara.
The QR National brand was established in the 2004/05 financial year when Queensland Rail's coal, bulk and containerised business units were brought under one banner.
It also incorporated subsidiaries Interail, which had been acquired in March 2002 and operated services in New South Wales, and logistics company CRT Group, for which QR National already provided line haulage and purchased outright in June 2005.
In June 2006 QR National acquired Australian Railroad Group (ARG) which had operations in New South Wales, South Australia and Western Australia. ARG remained a separate subsidiary operation until it was rebranded as QR National in July 2011.
In Queensland, the major traffic is coal, both for export and domestic power generation. In 2005 QR National commenced running export coal services in the New South Wales Hunter Valley and by November 2007 the QR National network covered the entire mainland (except the Northern Territory) with the operation of their first Melbourne to Perth intermodal container service. In August 2008 QR National took over the operation of Melbourne - Horsham container service for Wimmera Container Line, after Pacific National withdrew its service.
In June 2009 the Queensland Government announced the Renewing Queensland Plan, with Queensland Rail's commercial activities to be separated from the Government's core passenger service responsibilities, formed into a new company named QR National Limited and privatised. The company was split into two from July 2010 with QR National taking the coal business in Queensland and New South Wales, regional freight business in Queensland, bulk mineral and grain haulage in Queensland and Western Australia, and containerised freight between Cairns, Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide and Perth.
QR National received a 99 year lease over the 2,300 km Queensland coal network:
- Blackwater system based around the Port of Gladstone
- Goonyella system based around the Port of Hay Point and Dalrymple Bay
- Moura line to the Port of Gladstone
- Newlands line to Port of Abbot Point
It is responsible for the maintenance of these lines.
|Built||Number||Business unit||Use and area of operation||Notes|
|Standard gauge fleet|
|G||Diesel-electric||115||1984||2||Aurizon||Interstate intermodal||Ex-CRT Group|
|X||Diesel-electric||115||1976||2||Aurizon||Interstate intermodal||Ex-CRT Group|
|LDP||Diesel-electric||115||2009||9||Aurizon||Interstate intermodal||Leased from Downer EDI Rail
LDP001-003 in Downer EDI Rail livery
LDP004-009 in QR National livery
|5000||Diesel-electric||80||2005-2007||12||Aurizon||Hunter Region coal|
|5020||Diesel-electric||80||2010||19||Aurizon||Hunter Region coal||Heavy haul variant of 5000 class|
|6000||Diesel-electric||115||2009||6||Aurizon||Hunter Region coal and interstate intermodal||Originally 12 units, 6 converted to ACA class.|
|421||Diesel-electric||115||1965-1966||5||Aurizon||Intermodal freight, grain.||Ex-Interail. 4 stored.|
Aurizon Bulk Freight East
Aurizon Bulk Freight West
|Intermodal freight.||11 ex-Australian Railroad Group, 2 ex-Interail. Some numbered as the 22 class or DC class. 4 stored.|
|423||Diesel-electric||100||2002||6||Aurizon||Intermodal freight, Hunter Valley coal, grain.||Rebuilt from Queensland Rail 1502 class.|
|73||Diesel-hydraulic||70||1970||2||Aurizon||Shunting.||Ex-CRT Group. 1 stored.|
|CS||Diesel-hydraulic||115||2002||2||Aurizon||Shunting.||CargoSprinter, ex-CRT Group|
|X200||Diesel rail tractor||40||1968||1||Aurizon||Shunting.||Ex-CRT Group. Out of service.|
|CLF||Diesel-electric||115||1970||5||Aurizon||Interstate intermodal||Ex-Australian Railroad Group. 3 stored.|
|CLP||Diesel-electric||115||1970||5||Aurizon||Interstate intermodal||Ex-Australian Railroad Group. 4 stored.|
|AC||Diesel-electric||115||2009||8||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Ex-Australian Railroad Group|
|ACA||Diesel-electric||115||2010||6||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Converted from 6000 class.|
|ACB||Diesel-electric||115||2011||6||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Ex-Australian Railroad Group|
|ACC||Diesel-electric||115||2013||3||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Follow on from 6020 class.|
|L||Diesel-electric||115||1967||6||Aurizon Bulk Freight West
Aurizon Bulk Freight East
|Western Australia, New South Wales||Ex-Australian Railroad Group. 1 stored.|
|LQ||Diesel-electric||115||1967||2||Aurizon Bulk Freight West
Aurizon Bulk Freight East
|Western Australia, New South Wales||1 ex-Australian Railroad Group, 1 ex-Interail|
|LZ||Diesel-electric||115||1967||10||Aurizon Bulk Freight West
Aurizon Bulk Freight East
|Western Australia, New South Wales||Ex-Australian Railroad Group.|
|Q||Diesel-electric||115||1997||19||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Ex-Australian Railroad Group.|
|2800||Diesel-electric||100||1995-1998||3||Aurizon||Intermodal||Regauged from narrow gauge.|
|GM||Diesel-electric||115||1964||1||Ex-Australian Railroad Group. Stored.|
|Queensland narrow gauge fleet|
|1720||Diesel-electric||80||1966-1970||28||Aurizon||General freight and shunting.||16 other units sold to South Africa in 2012. 8 stored.|
|2100||Diesel-electric||80||1970-1984||53||Aurizon||General freight and minerals||5 other units transferred to Western Australia as the DD class (see below). 4 other units sold to TasRail in 2011. 3 other units sold to South Africa in 2012. 2 stored for parts.|
|2250||Diesel-electric||100||2004-2005||25||Aurizon||General freight and minerals||Rebuilt from 2100 class and 1550 class. 4 stored.|
|2300||Diesel-electric||100||1997||53||Aurizon||General freight and minerals. 7 other units in Western Australia as DFZ class (see below).||Rebuilt from 1550 class.|
|2400||Diesel-electric||100||1977-1980||38||Aurizon||General freight and minerals||1 stored.|
|2800||Diesel-electric||100||1995-1998||46||Aurizon||General freight and minerals||3 other units on standard gauge (see above). 1 other unit in Western Australia as PA class (see below).|
|4000||Diesel-electric||100||2000-2005||49||Aurizon Coal||Blackwater and Moura coal networks|
|4100||Diesel-electric||100||2007-2012||56||Aurizon Coal||Blackwater, Moura and Newlands coal networks||Originally 75 units. 19 units transferred to Western Australia as ACN class.|
|3100/3200||Electric||80||1986-1989||15||Aurizon Coal||Bowen Basin||3 other units sold to South Africa in 2012. Remaining units stored.|
|3300/3400||Electric||80||1994-1995||13||Aurizon Coal||Blackwater coal network||Stored.|
|3500/3600||Electric||80||1986-1988||68||Aurizon Coal||Blackwater coal network||15 stored.|
|3551||Electric||80||2003-2004||14||Aurizon Coal||Blackwater coal network||Rebuilt from 3900 class.|
|3700||Electric||80||2005-2007||63||Aurizon Coal||Goonyella and Blackwater coal networks||Rebuilt from 3100/3200 class.|
|3800||Electric||80||2008-2010||45||Aurizon Coal||Goonyella and Blackwater coal networks|
|3900||Electric||100||1988-90||11||Aurizon Coal||Blackwater coal network||Stored.|
|Western Australia narrow gauge fleet|
|A||Diesel-electric||100||1960||2||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Ex-Australian Railroad Group. 1 stored.|
|AB||Diesel-electric||100||1970||4||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Ex-Australian Railroad Group.|
|ACN||Diesel-electric||100||2011-2012||19||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Originally part of 4100 class. Transferred to Western Australia and retained their original numbers.|
|D||Diesel-electric||100||1971||2||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Ex-Australian Railroad Group.1 stored.|
|DA||Diesel-electric||100||1971||3||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Ex-Australian Railroad Group.|
|DAZ||Diesel-electric||100||1971||3||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Ex-Australian Railroad Group.|
|DB||Diesel-electric||100||1982||5||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Ex-Australian Railroad Group.|
|DBZ||Diesel-electric||100||1982||5||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Ex-Australian Railroad Group.|
|DD||Diesel-electric||100||1970-1984||5||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Converted from 2100 class.|
|DFZ||Diesel-electric||100||1971||7||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Converted from 2300 class.|
|P||Diesel-electric||100||1989-1991||13||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Ex-Australian Railroad Group.|
|PA||Diesel-electric||100||1996||1||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Converted from 2800 class.|
|S||Diesel-electric||90||1996||11||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Ex-Australian Railroad Group.|
|830||Diesel-electric||115||1963||1||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Ex-Australian Railroad Group.|
|1600||Diesel-electric||80||1971||2||Aurizon Bulk Freight West||Western Australia||Ex-Australian Railroad Group.|
|Built||Number||Business unit||Use and area of operation||Notes|
|500||Diesel-electric||Standard||80||1964||1||Aurizon||Shunting, South Australia.||Ex-Australian Railroad Group. Donated to Steamranger in October 2010.|
|2600||Diesel-electric||Narrow||100||1983||13||Aurizon||Queensland coal and minerals||Entire class sold to South Africa in 2012.|
Queensland coal networks
The Blackwater coal network is situated in Central Queensland. This networks runs from the dual ports of Clinton Coal (Gladstone Port Authority operated) and Barney Point (BMA operated) to the mines in the southern section of the Bowen Basin coal area. This rail network transports coal from Gregory coal mine, Oaky Creek Mine, German Creek coal mine, Jellinbah Mine, Lake Vermont Mine, Yarrabee Mine, Curragh coal mine, Boorgoon Mine, Kinrola Mine, Rolleston coal mine, Cook Colliery, Ensham Mine, Kestrel coal mine and Minerva Mines. Both the Blackwater and Goonyella coal networks are linked at Gregory Mine. At different times during the year coal may be transported from one network to the other depending on coal demand, coal blending requirements or due to network disruptions.
In 1985 the network was electrified with a 25Kv overhead traction system. The network has been extended on several occasions as more mines come online. Two recent new mines have not been electrified. These are Rollestone and Minerva Mines. The cost involved for the electrification of these two mines was considered too high as they are a considerable distance to join onto the current electrified network.
There is both export and domestic customers served by this network. Domestic customers include Stanwell and Gladstone power stations. There are two rail operations in the network, QR National being the biggest operator and Pacific National being a newcomer to the network.
The Goonyella coal network is situated in Central Queensland. Running from the dual ports of Hay Point (BMA operated) and Dalrymple Bay (BBI operated) to the mines in the northern section of the Bowen Basin coal area. This rail network transports coal from Gregory Mine, Oaky Creek coal mine, German Creek coal mine, Foxleigh coal mine, Norwich Park coal mine, Lake Vermont Mine, Saraji coal mine, Peak Downs Mine, Millennium Mine, Poitrel Mine, Moorvale Mine, Burton Downs Mine, Carborough Downs Mine, Issac Plains Mine, Moranbah North Mine, Goonyella Riverside Mine, Hail Creek coal mine, Clermont Mine, Riverside Mine, North Goonyella Mine, South Walker Creek coal mine, and Blair Athol Mine. Both the Goonyella and Blackwater coal networks are linked at Gregory Mine. At different times during the year coal may be transported from one network to the other depending on coal demand, coal blending requirements or due to network disruptions.
In 1985 the network was electrified with a 25kV overhead traction system. The network has been extended on several occasions as more mines come online. With each extension the electrified network has also been extended to accommodate the new mines. This line serves Anglo American Metallurgical Coal, BHP Billiton Mitsubitshi Alliance (BMA) Jellinbah Resources, Peabody Energy Australia, Rio Tinto Coal Australia, Vale Australia, Bowen Central Coal, Xstrata Coal Queensland, McCarthur Coal.
There are two rail operations in the network, QR National being the biggest operator and Pacific National being a newcomer to the network. Xstrata has bought a number of locomotives and assures a part of its coal freight independently.
There is actually a project for the "Norther Missing Line" GAP (Goonyella to Abbot Point) railway who's objective is to link the Goonyella line to the Abbot Point Coal Terminal. With growing orders form Asian countries (mostly China & India who have huge energetic needs), the GAP is a vital project as Abbot Point has the advantage of being 2–3 days closer to Asia than other ports, reducing tonnage price. There has been no press release regarding the electrification of this line.
The Moura coal network is situated in Central Queensland. This networks runs from the dual ports of Clinton Coal (Gladstone Port Authority operated) and Barney Point (BMA operated) to the mines in the southern section of the Bowen Basin coal area. This rail network transports coal from Moura Mine and Boundary Hill Mine.
The Newlands coal network is situated in Central Queensland. This networks runs from the Abbott Point to the mines in the northern section of the Bowen Basin coal area. This rail network transports coal from Newlands Mine, Sonoma Mine and Collinsville Mine.
- "QR moves into NSW with Northern Rivers Railroad buy" Rail Express.com.au 12 March 2002
- "QR National push" WorldCargo News March 2002
- "Queensland Rail sorts logistics for acquisition" The Age 25 June 2005
- Peter Attenborough (February 2006). "Colin Rees Transport". Australian Model Railway Magazine 22 (256): page 36.
- "Qld Rail 'goes national' with freight expansion". ABC News. 14 February 2006.
- "Qld Rail buys into freight market" The Age 14 February 2006
- Annual Report QR Limited 30 June 2007
- Coal QR National
- Hunter Valley Coal System QR National October 2011
- "QR completes another phase in its national strategy with coast-to-coast rail freight services". QR National - News articles. 12 October 2007. Retrieved 3 March 2008.
- "Rail to roll on". Wimmera Mail Times. yourguide.com.au. 28 July 2008. Retrieved 30 July 2008.
- QR National - Results of AGM Aurizon 21 November 2012
- QR National Limited - Change of name to Aurizon Holdings Limited and adoption of replacement Constitution Aurizon 3 December 2012
- Premier announces QR privatisation plan Railway Gazette International 4 June 2009
- Marissa Calligeros (2 June 2009). "Queensland asset sales to reap $15 billion". www.brisbanetimes.com.au. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
- "Queensland assets sale". www.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 20 June 2010.[dead link]
- A Milestone Event in the History of QR QR National 1 July 2010
- Network systems QR National
- Queensland Treasury (2010). "Queensland Rail: scoping study outcomes". www.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 20 June 2010.[dead link]
- QR National makes sharemarket debut QR National 22 November 2010
- QR National Australian Railroad Group 1 July 2011
- Important Announcement - CRT Group CRT Group 1 July 2011
- Blackwater Coal System QR National October 2011
- Goonyella Coal System QR National October 2011
- Moura Coal System QR National October 2011
- Newlands Coal System QR National October 2011