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Qaafiyaa is a device employed in a form of Urdu poetry known as Ghazal (a poetic form consisting of couplets which share a rhyme and a refrain). The Qaafiyaa is the rhyming pattern of words that must directly proceed the Ghazal's Radif. The example below is of a Ghazal below by Daag Dehelvi.
In this case the Qaafiyaa is the following pattern of words: jalwa-gaah, nigaah, raah, haale-tabaah and aah. The Radif is mein.
- aafat kii shoKhiyaa.N hai.n tumhaarii nigaah mein
- mehashar ke fitane khelate hai.n jalwa-gaah mein
- wo dushmanii se dekhate hai.n dekhate to hain
- mai.n shaad huu.N ke huu.N to kisii kii nigaah mein
- aatii baat baat mujhe yaad baar baar
- kahataa huu.N dau.D dau.D ke qaasid se raah mein
- is taubaah par hai naaz mujhe zaahid is qadar
- jo TuuT kar shariik huu.N haal-e-tabaah mein
- mushtaaq is adaa ke bahot dard-ma.nd the
- ae DaaG tum to baiTh gaye ek aah mein
The origin of "Qaafiyaa" is Arabic; it is the rhyming of the ends of the words. "Ghazal" is a form of romantic Arabic poetry. "Ghazal" is essentially "flirting" and quite often playful poetry.