Qaafiyaa

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Qaafiyaa is a device employed in a form of Urdu poetry known as Ghazal (a poetic form consisting of couplets which share a rhyme and a refrain). The Qaafiyaa is the rhyming pattern of words that must directly proceed the Ghazal's Radif. The example below is of a Ghazal below by Daag Dehelvi.

In this case the Qaafiyaa is the following pattern of words: jalwa-gaah, nigaah, raah, haale-tabaah and aah. The Radif is mein.

Aafat kii shoKhiyaa.N hai.n tumhaarii nigaah mein
mehashar ke fitane khelate hai.n jalwa-gaah mein
wo dushmanii se dekhate hai.n dekhate to hain
mai.n shaad huu.N ke huu.N to kisii kii nigaah mein
aatii baat baat mujhe yaad baar baar
kahataa huu.N dau.D dau.D ke qaasid se raah mein
is taubaah par hai naaz mujhe zaahid is qadar
jo TuuT kar shariik huu.N haal-e-tabaah mein
mushtaaq is adaa ke bahot dard-ma.nd the
ae DaaG tum to baiTh gaye ek aah mein

HAROOF E QAFIYAA (حروف قافیہ): Ravi، Rauf, Qaid and Tasees ۔ These letters precede RAVI, which is the last letter of qaafiyaa. HARF E RAVI (حرف روی ): It is the last letter in Qaafiyaa e.g. in Nigah and Gulshan “ہ” and “ ن“ are RAVI. It is in other words the last letter of Qaafiyaa. HARF E RAUF (حرف روف): It is the letter preceding “Ravi”. For example “ن” in Gulshan (گلشن) and “ہ“ in Nigah (نگاہ) are rauf. It is mandatory that haroof e rauf must match with each other. Using word Share (شیر) instead of Shore (شور) will be considered wrong. HARF E QAID (قید): This precedes rauf e.g. “ی ” in Dare (دیر) and Bare (بیر) HARF E TASEES (تاسیس): If harf e rauf is preceded by Alif (الف) it is called Tasees e.g. in Kamil (کامل) and Shamil (شامل), letter (الف) is Tasees.

وہ حروف جو روی کے بعد آتے ہیں وہ حرف وصل، حرف خروج، حرف مذید اور حرف نائرہ کہلاتے ہیں۔

[1]

Origin[edit]

The origin of "Qaafiyaa" is Arabic; it is the rhyming of the ends of the words. "Ghazal" is a form of romantic Arabic poetry. "Ghazal" is essentially "flirting" and quite often playful poetry.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ustad e Shayiri - Muhammad Ismail Raaz - Contributed by Dr. Muhammad Muddassir Mirza