|Elevation||250 m (820 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Qadian (Punjabi: ਕ਼ਾਦੀਆਨ (Gurmukhi), قادیان (Shahmukhi); Hindi: क़ादीयान, IPA: [qaːd̪iːˈaːn]) is a 4th largest town and a municipal council in Gurdaspur District, north-east of Amritsar, situated 18 kilometres (11 mi) north-east of Batala city in the state of Punjab, India.
Qadian was established in 1530 by Mirza Hadi Baig, a religious scholar dedicated to Islam and the first Qazi within the area. Mirza Hadi Baig, was from a royal family of Mirza who formed Mughal Empire had the title of Mirza. He migrated from Samarkand and settled in Punjab. He was descendant of King Timur and had family relations with King Babur and was qiven 80 villages by Babur. Because of his religious beliefs, he named the center of the 80 villages 'Islam Pur Qazi' from where he administered. Over time, the name of the town changed to 'QaziMaji' (the word "Maji" means Bull referring to the animal still found in abundance in Qadian). Later, it was named just 'Qadi' and eventually, it became known as Qadian.
Qadian and the surrounding areas later fell to Sikhs who offered the ruling Qazis two villages which they refused. In 1834, during the rule of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the region consisting of Qadian and five other adjoining villages were given to Mirza Ghulam Murtaza, father of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad inturn for Military support in Military support in Kashmir, Mahadi, Kulu valley, Peshawar and Hazara.
A remote and unknown village, Qadian emerged as a centre of religious learning in 1889, when Mirza Ghulam Ahmad established the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Qadian remained the administrative headquarter and capital of the Ahmadiyya Caliphate until the partition of India in 1947 when much of the community migrated to Pakistan.
Arya Samaj played a major role in Qadian. Amar Shaheed Pandit Lekh Ram was an arya samaji who play role in protecting Hindu Dharma people as well as the cows that were killed in those days. Hence the place is also known by his name Amar Shaheed Pandit Lekh Ram Nagar. There are three major organizations working in the name of Lekh Ram. A Temple also known as Arya Samaj Temple, an education college for higher studies of girls and a Market.
As of India's census in 2013, Qadian had a population of 40,827. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Qadian has an average literacy rate of 75%, slightly higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 70%. In Qadian, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Before the partition of India, the town of Qadian had a majority Muslim population because of the many religious materials belonging to the Islamic faith. Since 1947, Qadian's population is mostly Sikh based with some members of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community staying behind to care for the Community's buildings and mosques. The vast majority of the Community migrated to Pakistan during the partition of India.
Notable people in Qadian
Although Qadian is relatively remote and has a very small population, it has many notable historical, religious and political figures; both Sikhs and Muslims:-
- History of Ahmadiyyat Vol 1 (Urdu). India: Nazarat Nashro Ishaat Qadian. 2007. pp. 40 143516. ISBN 181791210 Check
- "Qadian in India is Situated Exactly to the East of Damascus in Syria". Flickr. Retrieved 2009-07-03.
- "The Divine guidance about leadership in the latter days". Ahmaddiya Muslim Community. Retrieved 2009-07-03.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
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