Kadma (trope)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Qadma)
Jump to: navigation, search
Kadma
קַדְמָ֨א ֨ אָדָם֙
cantillation
Sof passuk ׃   paseq ׀
etnahta ֑   segol ֒
shalshelet ֓   zaqef qatan ֔
zaqef gadol ֕   tipeha ֖
revia ֗   zarqa ֘
pashta ֙   yetiv ֚
tevir ֛   geresh ֜
geresh muqdam ֝   gershayim ֞
qarney para ֟   telisha gedola ֠
pazer ֡   atnah hafukh ֢
munach ֣   mahapakh ֤
merkha ֥   merkha kefula ֦
darga ֧   qadma ֨
telisha qetana ֩   yerah ben yomo ֪
ole ֫   iluy ֬
dehi ֭   zinor ֮

Kadma (Hebrew קַדְמָ֨א, with variant English spellings) is a common cantillation mark found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other books of the Hebrew Bible. It can be found by itself preceding certain trope groups, or together with a Geresh, in which case, the pair is known as "Kadma-V'Azla."

Kadma has the same symbol as the Pashta, though Kadma is distinct from Pashta in the placement of the symbol. In a Kadma, the symbol is always placed on the first syllable of the word, while Pashta is placed on the last syllable.[1]

The symbols for Kadma V'Azla are designed to resemble the fingers of an outstretched hand in a curved position.[2]

The Kadma-V'Azla pair occurs 1733 times in the Torah.[3]

The word Kadma is related to the Hebrew קדמה (kedma), east. It is also related to the root קדם, front. The combination of these words translates to going away.

Melody[edit]

Kadma.jpg

Kadma V'Azla[edit]

The melody for a Kamda V'Azla is a continual string of notes without a break as follows: KadmaVazla.jpg

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chanting the Hebrew Bible By Joshua R. Jacobson, page 221
  2. ^ Jewish liturgy as a spiritual system: a prayer-by-prayer explanation of the nature and meaning of Jewish worship , page 129
  3. ^ Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 6