Qaisrani

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Qaisrani (Balochi: قيصرانی) Also spelled as (Kaisrani or Kasrani) is a Baloch tribe in Balochistan, Pakistan. The Qaisranis claim their ancestry from Mir Qaiser Khan Rind who was the nephew of Mir Chakar Khan Rind.

Location[edit]

The majority of the tribe occupies the Northern most territory of the District of Dera Ghazi Khan, Panjab, Pakistan and its adjacent tribal areas in the Suleiman Mountains. Important centers of the tribe include kot Qaisrani, Baharwali, Baathi Qaisrani [Basti Dhammani near the north side of bathi darrah], Shehlani East and West Jhoke Bodo, Balchani(baloo khan and khatta khan) Vehova, Retra qaisrani, Batkel Qaisrani, Javed Abad and Tibbi Qaisrani(near indus high way. Qaisranis are also found in Jaffarabad Balochistan and in Kohlu. In sindh there main villages are Goth Qaisrani, Goth Sodho & Baharkhan Mirjat. The Nizamani tribe in sindh is a breakaway section of the Qaisrani tribe. The Dhodak Oil Field and Rodho Oil Field lie in Qaisrani territory called Tuman[disambiguation needed] in the local language.

Important centers[edit]

Includes Kot Qaisrani, Jhok Baharwali, Shergarh[disambiguation needed], Baathi Qaisrani, ‏]‏Basti Dhammani, Tibbi Qaisrani, Nala Sharki, Jhok Bodo, Roda Tibba, Dawo Wali, Nari[disambiguation needed], Raitra, Hamlani, Berot Mandwani, Kohar, Rodho, Shamtala, Larri, Phugla, Chitrwatta, Lazdaan, sowa Firagh, Thori, Bajal, Kamawel, Goroo, Mithwan, Bajha, Jhangra, Lakhani[disambiguation needed], Vehova, Mithey Vali, Balchani, Shahlani, Nala sharqi Phugla, Karkana (Phugla is Last Border of Pujnab, Karkana is Located in Balochistan) which are all located to the North of Taunsa Sharif and layyah .

Language[edit]

The Qaisrani people living in Baluchistan (musakhel district, Kohlu, Quetta) and in the Sulaiman Ranges speak Baluchi while those living in plains of Panjab mostly speak Saraiki.

Qaisranis past and present[edit]

Qaisrani tribe is divided into seven section: Khobdain, Rubdani, Yarwani, Lashkarani, Wasuani, Lagari, and Rustmani. Which are further divided into 42 clans. The Dilshadani family of the Khobdein section has been the chief family for the last ten generations.Qaisranis are one of the prominent Baloch tribes residing and settled mainly in the D G Khan District of Punjab, Musakhel Balochistan and D I Khan in NWFP. According to last population census, the Qaisranis are a main stream baloch tribe populating around 175,000. Some of the clans reside in the D G Khan Tribal Area having its provincial borders with NWFP and Balochistan. Qaisranis trace back their history from one Qaiser Khan who was one of the nephew of Sardar Mir Chakar Khan Rind(1468 – 1565 ) who was a Baloch King in the 15th century. Mir Chakar Khan founded a kingdom which however proved to be short-lived because of a civil war between the Lashari and Rind tribes of Balochistan. Mir Chakar Khan Rind gave a strong support to the Mughal army of Emperor Humayun and was rewarded by Humayun after his reconquest to the throne in 1555.

Mir Chakar Khan Rind lived in Sevi (modern time Sibi) in hills of Balochistan and became the head of Rind tribe after the death of his father Mir Shahak Khan at the age of 18. Mir Chakar Khan Rind is regarded as one of the great Baloch heroes and is the center of Balochi love and war ballad. A natural leader and warrior, Mir Chakar Khan Rind was a man with resolute determination.

When Mir Chakar started his conquest towards Punjab, some of the elders of the Rind Tribe established and settled alongside the River Indus and the Koh e Suleman Range covering the entire Western border of Punjab. These elders were all Rind Baloch and later became the founding members of the current tribes i.e. the Legharis, Mazaris, Khosas, Qaisranis, Dareshaks, Gurchanis, Buzdars. The elder Qaiser Khan Rind, from where the Qaisrani Tribe segregates from the mainstream Rind tribe was a warrior and known to be the bravest amongst the then elders of Rind Baloch Tribe. After Mir Qaiser Khan, the tribal traditional system of Sardarism continued throughout the years of history. These tribals used to have an elected Chief, the Sardar of the tribe as per their traditional systems of Muqadamins and Jirgas until the advent of British, who somehow maneuvered to control these Tribals by introducing the system of hereditary title for the Chief. Whenever a Chief died, his elder son was crowned as the Chief of Tribe. The British had established Chiefs College specifically for these sons of existing Chiefs of Baloch, Punjabi, Sindhi and Pakhtoon Tribes to induce a blend of British allegiance right from the childhood.

Qaisranis were the only baloch tribe in District D G Khan and Rajanpur which resisted and fought against the British to safeguard their culture, traditions and allegiance to the soil. Sardar Mir Mitha Khan Qaisrani was the last elected Chief of the Qaisrani Tribe. Sardar Mir Kaura Khan of Tibbi Qaisrani was another heroic figure of his time. After Mitha Khan, his son Sardar Mir Fazal Ali Khan was made chief of tribe. Sardar Mir Fazal Ali Khan lived a long life, had seven wives and five sons. The eldest son was Sardar Mir Allah Bakhsh Khan Qaisrani but he died in his life and his son named Sardar Mir Mehmood Khan Qaisrani was made chief by the British. Sardar Mir Mehmood Khan was later impeached by the tribe and the British and the second eldest son of Sardar Mir Fazal Ali Khan i.e. Sardar Imam Bakhsh Khan Qaisrani was crowned as chief by the British. During the life of Sardar Imam Baksh Khan, his elder son Sardar Shamsher khan died leaving one son Mir Manzoor Ahmed Khan who was then just two years old.Thus, Sardar Mir Muhammad Khan Qaisrani, son of Sardar Mir Imam Baksh Khan was crowned as Chief and Tumandar. Sardar Mir Mohammad Khan had two wives and five sons. During his time, the Qaisrani tribe was re-organised to regain its lost strength and dignity. He was given the title of "Khan Bahadur" by the British. He was one of the most prominent member of Joint Jirga of Baloch Sardars headed by Khan of Kalat and was well known amongst the other Baloch tribal chiefs including Bugti, Marri and Mazari. Sardar Ameer Muhammad Khan Qaisrani was the last official and recognized Chief of Qaisrani Tribe since in 1974 Z.A. Bhutto abolished the system of Sardarism and Tumandaarism. After the abolishing of Sardarism in 1974, Sardar Ameer Muhammad Khan instead of crowning any of his son as Chief opted to crown his nephew and his son in law, Sardar Manzoor Ahmed Khan as Chief of Qaisrani tribe. After the death of Sardar Manzoor Ahmed Khan, his son Sardar Zahoor Ahmed Khan became Chief of Qaisrani tribe and currently the tribe is split between tribal leadership of Sardar Mir Badshah Qaisrani, the grandson of Sardar Manzoor Ahmed Qaisrani, and Barrister Sardar Imam Baksh Qaisrani, the grandson of Sardar Ameer Muhammad Qaisrani, both considered as Chiefs of Qaisrani Tribe. Despite the fact that Sardar Meer Badshah Qaisrani has a political edge since he is Member of Provincial Assembly and has defeated Sardar Imam Baksh Qaisrani in General Elections, still in the tribal capacity, Sardar Imam Baksh Qaisrani holds the majority of Sub-Clans of Qaisrani Tribe in his support.The other prominent personalities of the kot qaisrani were Khan Bahadur Muhammad Yar Khan Qaisrani,Who was an Assistant Commissioner in government of British India.His son Khan Bahadur[Awarded in 1946] Khan Sahib Muhammad Nawaz Khan Qaisrani served in I.C.S and served the government of Pakistan as Political Agent in waziristan and Khyber Agency.Brig;Arshed Hussain Qaisrani son of Maj Muhammad Hussain Qaisrani [late] also serverd the nation in Pakistan Army.

The Qaisranis are generally regarded as a "Tribe of Talent" in Baloch race. However, it has been widely observed that there exist staunch adherence to the tribal traditions which are still very much practiced and are strongly established.

Qaisrani Tribal Area has also proven to be one of the richest in natural resources. Although less in reserves capacity than the Bugti Area, the Qaisrani Tribal Area has Petroleum and Gas Production at Dhodak owned and controlled by OGDC. Moreover, Uranium Production is also being carried out in the Qaisrani Area. Petroleum Exploration is also being carried out at Rodho on wells which were abandoned by OGDCL in the 1970s.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]