Qaladiza or Qeladze is a town of 114,000 inhabitants in the Kurdistan Regional Government region in Iraqi Kurdistan, north of Sulaymaniyah, near the Iranian border. Qaladiza means "Castle of Two Rivers" from the Kurdish words Qala= castle, dw= two and ze= river. In the south west of the town there is a small hill between two rivers.
It is surrounded by mountains like many parts of Kurdistan]. The town is located in a middle of "Peshdar". The whole town was devastated during the Iraq and Iran War and all residents were relocated to Bazian and other parts of Iraqi Kurdistan, but most of them in Bazzian, a small town located west of Sulaminia. The people of Qalaze stayed there until the Kurdish uprising against Saddam Hussein's regime in 1991. Then they came back to their land. The town has continued to expand. A branch of the Sulaimania University was established there in 1974, but Iraqi government attacked it in April 24, 1974.
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