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Qana 066.jpg
Qana is located in Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°12′33″N 35°17′57″E / 33.20917°N 35.29917°E / 33.20917; 35.29917
Country  Lebanon
Population Estimate
 • Total 10,000

Qana also spelled Cana (in Arabic: قانا‎) is a village in southern Lebanon located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) southeast of the city of Tyre and 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) north of the border with Israel. The 10,000 residents of Qana are primarily Shiite Muslim[1] although there is also a Christian community in the village.

Biblical controversy[edit]

Bas-Relief of the Apostles in Qana, a Christian pilgrimage site in Lebanon

In the Gospel of John, Jesus is said to have performed his first miracle of turning water into wine at Cana in Galilee. Some Christians, especially Lebanese Christians, believe Qana to have been the actual location of this event.[1] However, a tradition dating back to the 8th century identifies Cana with the modern village of Kafr Kanna, about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) northeast of Nazareth, Israel.[2]

In 1994, Nabih Berri, Lebanon's Parliament Speaker and leader of the secular Shiite Amal movement, wanted to establish a Christian shrine at a cave in Qana to attract tourists and pilgrims.[1] The government sent a 100-man company of troops to Qana to prevent potential religious conflict. This proposal was revived in 1999.[3]

Attacks on Qana[edit]

Graves of the 28 people killed by the airstrikes on Qana

Qana is known internationally for two separate incidents in which the Israeli Defense Forces caused civilian deaths during military operations in Lebanon.

  • 2006 Qana airstrike: On 30 July 2006, during the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict, Israeli airstrikes hit an apartment building. The Lebanese Red Cross originally stated that at least 56 people were killed, 32 of whom were children. Human Rights Watch later announced that at least 22 people escaped the basement, and 28 are confirmed dead, of which 16 were children, with 13 more still missing.[6]

After both attacks the residents of Qana built memorials to commemorate the deaths.


Coordinates: 33°12′33″N 35°17′57″E / 33.20917°N 35.29917°E / 33.20917; 35.29917