Qareh

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For the physician of the 6th Dynasty, see Qar (doctor).

Qareh Khawoserre was possibly the third king[1][2] of the Egyptian 14th Dynasty, who reigned over the eastern Nile Delta from Avaris during the Second Intermediate Period. His reign is believed to have lasted about 10 years, from 1770 BC until 1760 BC[1] or later, around 1710 BC.

Qareh's name is West Semitic and means "The bald one". His existence is only attested by thirty royal seals inscribed with his name, only one of which has a known provenance: Jericho in Canaan.[3] Qareh's name was earlier misread as Qar, Qur, and Qal.[4]

The egyptologist Kim Ryholt equates Qareh with the prenomen Khawoserre, which is also only attested through scarab seals. Qareh's chronological position is uncertain, with K. Ryholt and D. Baker placing him as the third king of the 14th dynasty on stylistic grounds of his seals. At the opposite, Thomas Schneider and Jürgen von Beckerath see him as a ruler of the 16th dynasty.[5] Alternatively, James Peter Allen proposes that he was an Hyksos ruler of the early 15th dynasty[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c K.S.B. Ryholt (1998). The Political Situation in Egypt During the Second Intermediate Period, C1800-1550 BC. Museum Tusculanum Press. ISBN 8772894210.
  2. ^ Darrell D. Baker: The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I - Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC, Stacey International, ISBN 978-1-905299-37-9, 2008, p. 303
  3. ^ Percy Newberry: Egyptian antiquities. Scarabs. An Introduction to the Study of Egyptian Seals and Signet Rings. Constable, London 1906, S. 150, pl. XXI, 23, 24.
  4. ^ K., Ryholt (1998). "King Qareh, a Canaanite King in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period". Israel Exploration Journal (48): 194–200. 
  5. ^ Thomas Schneider: Lexikon der Pharaonen. Albatros, Düsseldorf 2002, ISBN 3-491-96053-3, p. 226.
  6. ^ Daphna Ben-Tor, Susan J. Allen, James P. Allen: Seals and Kings. In: Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research Bd. 315, 1999, S. 47–74 (pdf-download).
Preceded by
Ya'ammu Nubwoserre
Pharaoh of Egypt
Fourteenth Dynasty
Succeeded by
'Ammu Ahotepre