Karagandy Region

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Qaraghandy oblysy)
Jump to: navigation, search
Karagandy Region
Қарағанды облысы
Карагандинская область
Province
Karkaraly Nature Park
Karkaraly Nature Park
Coat of arms of Karagandy Region
Coat of arms
Map of Kazakhstan, location of Karagandy Province highlighted
Map of Kazakhstan, location of Karagandy Province highlighted
Coordinates: 48°0′N 71°0′E / 48.000°N 71.000°E / 48.000; 71.000Coordinates: 48°0′N 71°0′E / 48.000°N 71.000°E / 48.000; 71.000
Country  Kazakhstan
Capital Karagandy
Government
 • Akim Baurzhan Abdishev
Area[1]
 • Total 427,982 km2 (165,245 sq mi)
Highest elevation 1,500 m (4,900 ft)
Lowest elevation 500 m (1,600 ft)
Population (2013-02-01)[2]
 • Total 1,363,638
 • Density 3.2/km2 (8.3/sq mi)
Time zone East (UTC+6)
 • Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+6)
Postal codes 100000
Area codes +7 (721)
ISO 3166 code KZ-KAR
Vehicle registration 09, M
Districts 9
Cities 11
Townships 39
Villages 557 [3]
Website www.karaganda-region.kz

Karagandy Region (Kazakh: Қарағанды облысы, Qarağandı oblısy, قاراعاندى وبلىسى) is a region of Kazakhstan. Its capital is Karaganda. Population: 1,341,700 (2009 Census results);[4] 1,410,218 (1999 Census results);[4] that of the city is 459,778 (2009 Census results).[4]

History[edit]

The region was the site of intense coal mining during the days of the Soviet Union and also have been the site of several gulag forced labor camps. Following World War II, Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union, had many ethnic Germans deported to the area.

Geography[edit]

With an area of 428,000 km2, Karagandy Province is the largest province. Although it doesn't touch the borders of any country, it touches nearly every other province. They are: Aktobe Province to the West; Kostanay Province to the Northwest; Akmola Province to the North; Pavlodar Province to the Northeast; East Kazakhstan Province to the East; Almaty Province to the Southeast; Jambyl Province and South Kazakhstan Province to the South; and Kyzylorda Province to the Southwest.

The area is arid and flat, given to plains with occasional hills and seasonal streams. Karkaraly National Park, covering 90,300 hectares, is located in the province, as well as Kyzylarai mountain oasis, famous for its natural beauty and historical sights.

The Ishim (Esil) River, a tributary of the Irtysh River, begins in Karagandy Province; the Nura is the region's other major river. Both river are replenished with water from the Irtysh, supplied by the 451 km long Irtysh–Karaganda Canal.

Demographics[edit]

46.9% of the population is ethnic Russian and 32.6% is ethnic Kazakh. The minorities are Ukrainian (7.2%) and German (3.1%).[5]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The province is administratively divided into nine districts and the nine cities and towns of oblast significance (Karaganda, Balkhash, Jezkazgan, Karazhal, Priozersk, Saran, Satpayev, Shakhtinsk, and Temirtau). The districts are[6]

  1. Abay District, with the administrative center in the town of Abay;
  2. Aktogay District, the selo of Aktogay;
  3. Bukhar-Zhyrau District, the settlement of Botakara;
  4. Karkaraly District, the town of Karkaraly;
  5. Nura District, the settlement of Kiyevka;
  6. Osakarov District, the settlement of Osakarovka;
  7. Shet District, the selo of Aksu-Ayuly;
  8. Ulytau District, the selo of Ulytau;
  9. Zhanaarka District, the settlement of Atasu.

For some decades during the USSR era, southern part of what is today Karagandy Province was a separate province, known as Jezkazgan Oblast, with the administrative center in Jezkazgan.

Sister cities[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Official site - General Information
  2. ^ Agency of statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan: Численность населения Республики Казахстан по областям с началa 2013 года до 1 февраля 2013 года (russisch; Excel-Datei; 55 kB).
  3. ^ All-Biz Ltd. Карагандинская область
  4. ^ a b c "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  5. ^ ru:Карагандинская область
  6. ^ "Карта области" (in Russian). Информационный портал Акимата Карагандинской области. Retrieved 20 July 2012.