Qarawat Bani Zeid

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Qarawat Bani Zeid
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic قراوة بني زيد
 • Also spelled Qarawat Bani Zaid (official)
Karawat Bani Zayd (unofficial)
View of Qarawat Bani Zeid, 2012
View of Qarawat Bani Zeid, 2012
Qarawat Bani Zeid is located in the Palestinian territories
Qarawat Bani Zeid
Qarawat Bani Zeid
Location of Qarawat Bani Zeid within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°03′13″N 35°07′42″E / 32.05361°N 35.12833°E / 32.05361; 35.12833Coordinates: 32°03′13″N 35°07′42″E / 32.05361°N 35.12833°E / 32.05361; 35.12833
Governorate Ramallah & al-Bireh
Government
 • Type Village Council
Area
 • Jurisdiction 8,000 dunams (8.0 km2 or 3.1 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Jurisdiction 2,915
Name meaning "Bani Zeid's central point"

Qarawat Bani Zeid (Arabic: قراوة بني زيد‎) is a Palestinian village in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate, located 22 kilometers northwest of Ramallah in the northern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), Qarawat Bani Zeid had a population of 2,915 inhabitants in 2007.[1] Qarawat Bani Zeid is under the complete control of the Palestinian National Authority, as it is located within "Area A".

Situated close to the village mosque is the remains of a Roman pool, about 60 meters underground.[2]

Etymology[edit]

Qarawat Bani Zeid is named after the Arab tribe of Bani Zeid, that settled in the town after the Muslim Ayyubid victory against the Crusaders in 1187.[3] The "Qarawat" portion of the name comes from the Arabic word Qaran, which means "central point", originating from the site's location between the major cities of Nablus, Jericho and Jerusalem. There is also speculation that the name comes from Qira, which means "place that respects guests".[2]

Economy[edit]

Qarawat Bani Zeid's main economic sectors are agriculture and traditional industries.[2] The village's land area consists of about 8,000 dunams, 30% of which is built-up area, another 30% is covered with crops or orchards and the remaining 40% consists of either unused land or roads. The main crops that are grown are lentils, vegetables, thyme (za'atar) and sage. Grapes, as well as olive and fig orchards are also grown in the village lands. Traditional industries include basket weaving from olive wood, wool and leather-making and food manufacturing, particularly cheese.[2]

About 60% of the village's working population are unemployed. The 40% that are employed work mostly in farming, simple commerce or teaching. However, some inhabitants work in government offices in Ramallah.[2] There are two mosques, a hamaam, a library, a social club for teenagers and a women's club in Qarawat Bani Zeid.[2]

Government[edit]

Qarawat Bani Zeid is governed by a village council. Elections are not held; rather, the council — which has representatives from the village's prominent families — select a mayor. The primary political faction is the Palestinian People's Party (PPP) and Fatah, Hamas and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) have minor influence in the village.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.112.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Qarawat Bani Zeid Village Profile International Women's Peace Service. April 2004.
  3. ^ Bani Zeid: Excerpt Palestinian Association for Culture Exchange