|Area||28,400 km2 (10,965 sq mi)|
|Density||71 / km2 (184 / sq mi)|
Qashqadaryo Province (Uzbek: Qashqadaryo viloyati, Қашқадарё вилояти), (old spelling Kashkadarya Province) is a viloyat (province) of Uzbekistan, located in the southern part of the country in the basin of the Qashqadaryo River and the western slopes of the Pamir Mountains. It borders with Tadjikistan, Turkmenistan, Samarqand Province, Buxoro Province and Surxondaryo Province. It covers an area of 28,400 km². The population is estimated to be around 2,067,000 (2007), with some 73% living in rural areas.
Administrative divisions 
The provincial capital is Karshi (Qarshi) (pop est 177,000 inhabitants). Other major towns include Beshkent, Chiroqchi (Chirakchi), Dehkanabad (Dehqonobod), Guzar (G‘uzor), Kitob, Koson, Myrishkor, Muborak, Kamashi (Qamashi), Shahrisabz, Shurbazar, Tollimarjon (Talimardzhan), and Yakkabog.
|District name||District capital|
|1||Chiroqchi District||Chiroqchi (Chirakchi)|
|3||Guzar District||Guzar (G‘uzor)|
|9||Myrishkor District||Yangi Mirishkor|
Latinization of district names is in accordance with the official Uzbekistan governmental website.
The climate is a typically arid continental climate and partly semi-tropical.
Natural resources include significant petroleum and natural gas reserves, with the Mubarekh Oil and Gas Processing Plant as the region’s largest industry. Other industry includes wool processing, textiles, light industry, food processing and construction materials. Major agricultural activities include cotton, various crops and livestock. The irrigation infrastructure is very well developed with the large Tollimarjon reservoir as a reliable water source.
The province has a well-developed transport infrastructure, with over 350 km of railways and 4000 km of surfaced roads.
||Buxoro Province||Samarqand Province||Sughd Province, Tajikistan|
|Lebap Province, Turkmenistan|