Qashqadaryo Province

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Coordinates: 38°50′N 66°5′E / 38.833°N 66.083°E / 38.833; 66.083

Qashqadaryo Province
Qashqadaryo viloyati
Қашқадарё вилояти
Province
Country Uzbekistan
Capital Qarshi
Area 28,400 km2 (10,965 sq mi)
Population 2,067,000 (2005)
Density 71 / km2 (184 / sq mi)
ISO 3166-2 UZ-QA

Qashqadaryo Province (Uzbek: Qashqadaryo viloyati, Қашқадарё вилояти), (old spelling Kashkadarya Province) is a viloyat (province) of Uzbekistan, located in the southern part of the country in the basin of the Qashqadaryo River and the western slopes of the Pamir Mountains. It borders with Tadjikistan, Turkmenistan, Samarqand Province, Buxoro Province and Surxondaryo Province. It covers an area of 28,400 km². The population is estimated to be around 2,067,000 (2007),[1] with some 73% living in rural areas.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The provincial capital is Karshi (Qarshi) (pop est 177,000 inhabitants). Other major towns include Beshkent, Chiroqchi (Chirakchi), Dehkanabad (Dehqonobod), Guzar (G‘uzor), Kitob, Koson, Myrishkor, Muborak, Kamashi (Qamashi), Shahrisabz, Shurbazar, Tollimarjon (Talimardzhan), and Yakkabog.

Districts of Kashkadarya Province

Qashqadaryo Province is currently (As of 2009) divided into thirteen administrative districts.[2]

District name District capital
1 Chiroqchi District Chiroqchi (Chirakchi)
2 Dehkanabad District Karashina
3 Guzar District Guzar (G‘uzor)
4 Kamashi District Kamashi
5 Karshi District Beshkent
6 Kasby District Muglan
7 Kitob District Kitab
8 Koson District Koson
9 Myrishkor District Yangi Mirishkor
10 Muborak District Muborak
11 Nishon District Yangi-Nishon
12 Shakhrisabz District Shakhrisabz
13 Yakkabog District Yakkabog

Latinization of district names is in accordance with the official Uzbekistan governmental website.[2]

Geography[edit]

The climate is a typically arid continental climate and partly semi-tropical.

Economy[edit]

Natural resources include significant petroleum and natural gas reserves, with the Mubarekh Oil and Gas Processing Plant as the region’s largest industry. Other industry includes wool processing, textiles, light industry, food processing and construction materials. Major agricultural activities include cotton, various crops and livestock. The irrigation infrastructure is very well developed with the large Tollimarjon reservoir as a reliable water source.

The province has a well-developed transport infrastructure, with over 350 km of railways and 4000 km of surfaced roads.

Culture[edit]

The city of Shahrisabz, the birthplace of Amir Temur, is the main tourist attraction in the province.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "География Узбекистана" ("Geography Uzbekistan"), Geosite, in Russian, accessed 6 June 2009
  2. ^ a b "Kashkadarya regional administration (Viloyat)", on the official website of the Uzbekistan government]