Qatar National Day
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Qatar National Day is a national commemoration of Qatar's unification and independence and is celebrated on December 18 every year. The holiday was established by a June 21, 2007 decree of the Emir and Heir Apparent Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani.
December 18 is the day Qatar commemorates the founding of the state of Qatar on 18 December 1878. In 1867 the Al Khalifa military of Bahrain launched a successful effort to crush the Qatari rebels, sending a massive naval force to Al Wakrah. However, the Bahraini aggression was in violation of the 1820 Anglo-Bahraini Treaty. The diplomatic response of the British to this violation set into motion the political forces that would eventuate in the founding of the state of Qatar on 18 December 1878. Some Qatari nationalists describe this event as Qatar's First War of Independence. Fifteen years later, in March 1893, at the Battle of Wajbah (10 miles west of Doha), Sheikh Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani defeated the Ottomans and forced a treaty that would later form the basis of Qatar emerging as a separate country. Some Qatari nationalists describe this event as Qatar's Second War of Independence.
||This article possibly contains original research. (July 2013)|
Although Qatar did not become an independent sovereign state until 1971, it remembers how their national unity was achieved and how they became a distinct nation out of a society of conflicting tribes, devoid of security and order. On that day, expressions of affection and gratitude are conveyed to the people of Qatar who cooperated in solidarity and vowed allegiance and obedience to Shaikh Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani as a leader.
Qatar National Day is an opportunity to recognise and celebrate the actions of Qatar's forefathers who endured severe hardships and paid a dear price for the unity of their nation. Qatar National Day also emphasizes the identity and history of the country, embodies the ideals and aspirations that the country was founded on and pays tribute to the men and women who participated in building the nation, especially the Al Thani family, the current leaders of Qatar.
It is intended to maintain a knowledge and appreciation of Qatar's heritage, and to encourage pride among Qataris.
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