The Qatar national under-20 football team is the national youth team of Qatar and is controlled by the Qatar Football Association. Qatar's U-20 national team played an important role in the development of football in Qatar and gave it one its first shining moment on the global stage when the youth squad finished second in the 1981 FIFA World Youth Championship in Australia.
Qatar's response to the newly created World Youth Championship came in the form of establishing a youth team of its own in 1976, however the team failed to qualify for the first two inaugural tournament in 1977 in Tunisia and in 1979 in Japan.
Qatar's youth team were runners-up to South Korea in the 1980 AFC Youth Championship held in Thailand, and as a result they were allotted a berth in the 1981 FIFA World Youth Championship being hosted by Australia. Qatar U-20s would achieve their most valued accolade in Australia, who after a lackluster first round, set the tournament alight. Coached by Brazilian legend Evaristo de Macedo, they impressed in every facet of the game. Against Brazil in the quarter-finals, it was their dynamism and enterprising attack and an intelligent deployment of the offside trap that won the match (3–2). In the semis, up against a compact English eleven, they were able to rely on an inspired performance from their goalkeeper Ahmed. A solid defense, mettle in the tackle and effective opportunism in the penalty area did the rest.
They finished second suffering a 0–4 defeat to West Germany in the final on a wet pitch which was extremely unfavorable to the Qatari's as they were not used to playing in such conditions. As a result of achieving runners-up position, each Qatari player received 100,000 Qatari riyals, a Mercedes Benz, and a bungalow. The population of Qataris was only 120,000 at the time of this achievement.
Qatar's second international U-20 World Cup appearance came in fourteen years later, while Nigeria was setting up the stage to host the 1995 version, an epidemic of Ebola broke out in the Western parts of Africa, thus, forcing FIFA to relocate the tournament to Qatar, where the local officials proved exceptional efficiency in organizing such a big event in a period of twenty days.
Qatar's youth team won the AFC U-19 Championship for the first time in its history after defeating DPR Korea 1–0 in the final of the 2014 edition which took place in Myanmar. Advancing undefeated from a group which included DPR Korea and Iraq, they defeated China 4–2 in the quarter-finals, and earned a 3–2 victory after extra time against the hosts in the semi-finals. In the finals, the Qataris would be victorious against DPR Korea for a second time in the tournament, having defeated them 3–1 in the group stage, courtesy of a single goal scored by Akram Afif in the second half.