Qateel Shifai

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Qateel Shifai
Born Aurangzeb Khan
(1919-12-24)December 24, 1919
Haripur District, N.W.F.P, Pakistan
Died July 11, 2001(2001-07-11) (aged 81)
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Pen name Qateel Shifai
Occupation Urdu poet, Lyricist
Nationality Pakistani
Genres Ghazal
Notable award(s) Pride of Performance, 1994
Children Pervaiz Qateel
Musarat Butt, Tanveer Qateel, Samina Khurshid, Naveed Qateel
Relative(s) Col.Ahmed Fraz Khan son in law of his daughter Musarat butt

Aurangzeb Khan or Qateel Shifai (24 December 1919 - 11 July 2001) (Urdu: قتیل شفا ئی ) was a Pakistani Urdu poet.[1]

Early life[edit]

Qateel Shifai was born in Haripur, Hazara Division, British India (now Pakistan).

Career[edit]

He adopted Qateel Shifai as his pen name in 1938 under which he was known in the world of Urdu poetry. "Qateel" was his "takhallus" and "Shifai" was in honour of his ustaad(master) Hakeem Mohammed Yahya Khan 'Shifa' (father of famous living Pakistani Poet Hafiz Muhammad Fazal Azim Taha) whom he considered his mentor.

Due to his father's early death, Qateel was forced to quit his education. He started his own sporting goods shop. Being unsuccessful in his business he decided to move to Rawalpindi, where he started working for a transport company and earned about 60 Rupees a month.

In 1946, he was called to Lahore by Nazir Ahmed to work as the assistant editor of the monthly 'Adab-e-Latif', a literary magazine published since 1936. His first ghazal was published in the Lahore weekly 'Star', edited by Qamar Ajnalvi (Ref.Pen Sketch of Qateel Shifai written by Akmal Aleemi).

In January 1947, Qateel was asked to pen the songs of a film by a Lahore based film producer. The first film he penned the lyrics for was "Teri Yaad". After that there was no looking back and initially, after working for some time as assistant lyricist to some of the famous poets/lyricists of the time (c.1947-48 to 1956-57),[2] he eventually became a regular film lyricist and won numerous awards in due course.

Legacy[edit]

Over 20 collections of verse and over 2,500 songs for Pakistani and Indian films were published. His poetry has been translated into numerous languages including Hindi, Gujarati, English, Russian and Chinese.

Qateel Shifai received the 'Pride of Performance Award' in 1994 for his contribution to literature, 'Adamjee Award', 'Naqoosh Award', 'Abbasin Arts Council Award' and 'Amir Khusro Award' in India.

Qateel Shifai produced a film in his mother language—Hindko—in 1970. It was the first Hindko film which was named "Qissa Khwani". The film was released in 1980. He died on 11 July 2001 in Lahore. The street on which he lived in Lahore has been named Qateel Shifai Street after him. There is also a sector of Haripur city that has been named after him - Mohallah Qateel Shafai.

Filmography[edit]

  • Bade Dilwala (1999) (lyricist)
  • Yeh Hai Mumbai Meri Jaan (1999) (lyricist)
  • Auzaar (1997) (lyricist)
  • Tamanna (1996) (as Qatil Shafai)
  • Naajayaz (1995) (lyricist) (as Qatil Shafai)
  • Naaraz(1994) (as Qatil Shafai)
  • Waqt hamara hai (as Qatil Shafai)
  • Sir (1993) (lyricist) (as Qateel Shafai)
  • Phir Teri Kahani Yaad Aayee (1993) (English: Your Memories Have Returned) (lyricist) (as Qateel Shafai)
  • Tahqiqaat (1993) (lyricist) (as Cratil Sipahi)
  • Painter Babu (1983) (lyricist)
  • Shireen Farhad (1975) (lyricist)
  • Naila (1965) (lyricist)
  • Intezar (1956) (asst lyricist)
  • Gumnaam (1954) (assisted Hakim Ahmad Shuja as junior lyricist)
  • Gulnaar (1953) (asst lyricist)
  • Teri Yaad (1948) (asst lyricist) - (English: Memories) (International: English title)

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.screenindia.com/old/fullstory.php?content_id=12914
  2. ^ Including famous poet and writer, Hakim Ahmad Shuja, father of director-producer Anwar Kamal Pasha, who in fact penned some of the more famous songs later mistakenly credited to Qateel Shifai

External links[edit]