Qaum (Arabic: قوم, Urdu: قوم) or nation may refer to a community of people who share a common language, culture, ethnicity, descent, and/or history. In this definition, a nation has no physical borders. However, it can also refer to people who share a common territory and government (for example the inhabitants of a sovereign state) irrespective of their ethnic make-up. The protean word Qawm is of Arabic origin, and is used to refer to any form of solidarity.
Pakistani people are known as Pakistani Qaum (Urdu: پاکستانی قوم).
- "Nation". Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged (11th ed.). Retrieved 20 July 2012.
1. an aggregation of people or peoples of one or more cultures, races, etc, organized into a single state: the Australian nation
- Bretton, Henry L. (1986). International relations in the nuclear age: one world, difficult to manage. Albany: State University of New York Press. p. 5. ISBN 0-88706-040-4. Retrieved 17 June 2011.
It should be stated at the outset that the term nation has two distinctly different uses. In a legal sense it is synonymous with the state as a whole regardless of the number of different ethnic or national groups–nationalities–contained within it. In that sense, one speaks of nation and means state.