Qaumi Taranah

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قومی ترانہ
National Anthem
Flag of Pakistan.svg

National anthem of
 Pakistan

Lyrics Hafeez Jullundhri, 1952
Music Ahmad G. Chagla, 1949
Adopted 1954
Relinquished Present
Music sample
Ahmad G. Chagla composed the music of the National Anthem of Pakistan in 1949
Hafeez Jullundhri wrote the lyrics of the National Anthem of Pakistan in 1952

The Qaumi Taranah (Urdu: قومی ترانہ‎, Qoumi Tarâne pronounced [ˈqɔː.mi ˈt̪ə.rɑː.nɑ], lit. “National Anthem”), also known as Pâk Sarzamin (Urdu: پاک سرزمین‎, pronounced [ˈpɑːk ˈsər.zə.miːn], lit. “The Sacred Land”), is the national anthem of Pakistan. Its music was composed by Ahmad G. Chagla in 1949, preceding the lyrics, which were written by Hafeez Jullundhri in 1952. It was officially adopted as Pakistan's national anthem in August 1954.[1]

History[edit]

In early 1948, A. R. Ghani, a Muslim from Transvaal, South Africa, offered two prizes of five thousand rupees each for the poet and composer of a new national anthem for the newly independent state of Pakistan. The prizes were announced through a government press advertisement published in June 1948. In December 1948, the Government of Pakistan established the National Anthem Committee (NAC) with the task of coming up with the composition and lyrics for the official national anthem of Pakistan. The NAC was initially chaired by the Information Secretary, Sheikh Muhammad Ikram, and its members included several politicians, poets and musicians, including Abdur Rab Nishtar, Ahmad G. Chagla and Hafeez Jullundhri. The NAC encountered early difficulties in finding suitable music and lyrics.

When President Sukarno of Indonesia became the first foreign head of state to visit Pakistan on 30 January 1950, there was no Pakistani national anthem to be played.[citation needed] In 1950, the impending state visit of the Shah of Iran added urgency to the matter and resulted in the Government of Pakistan asking the NAC to submit an anthem without further delay. The NAC Chairman, then Federal Minister for Education, Fazlur Rahman, asked several poets and composers to write lyrics but none of the submitted works were deemed suitable. The NAC also examined several different tunes and eventually selected the one presented by Ahmed G. Chagla and submitted it for formal approval.[2] On 21 August 1949, the Government of Pakistan adopted Chagla’s tune for the national anthem.[3]

The anthem, without lyrics, was performed for the first time for a foreign head of state on the state visit of the Shah of Iran to Pakistan in Karachi on 1 March 1950 by a Pakistan Navy band.

It was later played for Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan during his official visit to the United States on 3 May 1950. It was played before the NAC on 10 August 1950.[4] Official recognition to the national anthem, however, was not given until August 1954.[4] The NAC distributed records of the composed tune amongst prominent poets, who responded by writing and submitting several hundred songs for evaluation by the NAC. Eventually, the lyrics written by Hafeez Jullundhri were approved and the new national anthem was broadcast publicly for the first time on Radio Pakistan on 13 August 1954, sung by Hafeez Jullundhri himself.[5] Official approval was announced by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting on 16 August 1954. The composer, Ahmed G. Chagla, passed away in 1953, before the new national anthem was officially adopted. In 1955, there was a performance of the national anthem involving 11 major singers of Pakistan, including Ahmad Rushdi, Shameem Bano, Kaukab Jahan, Rasheeda Begum, Najam Ara, Naseema Shaheen, Zawar Hussain, Akhtar Abbas, Ghulam Dastagir, Anwar Zaheer and Akhtar Wasi Ali.[6]

Music[edit]

The Qaumi Taranah is a melodious and harmonious rendering of a three-stanza composition with a tune based on eastern music but arranged in such a manner that it can be easily played by foreign bands.[citation needed]

The music, composed by the Pakistani musician and composer, Ahmad G. Chagla in 1949, reflects his background in both eastern and western music. Twenty-one musical instruments[3] and thirty-eight different tones[3] are used to play the Qaumi Taranah,[5] the duration of which is 80 seconds.[1][3][7]

Lyrics[edit]

The Urdu lyrics, written by the Pakistani Urdu-language poet, Hafeez Jullundhri in 1952, have commonality with Persian, making them understandable in both languages. No verse in the three stanza lyrics is repeated.[1]

Urdu lyrics
كشورِ حسين شاد باد پاک سرزمین شاد باد
ارضِ پاکستان!‏ تُو نشانِ عزمِ عالی شان
مرکزِ یقین شاد باد
قوّتِ اُخوّتِ عوام پاک سرزمین کا نظام
پاینده تابنده باد!‏ قوم، ملک، سلطنت
شاد باد منزلِ مراد
رہبرِ ترقّی و کمال پرچمِ ستاره و ہلال
جانِ استقبال!‏ ترجمانِ ماضی، شانِ حال
سایۂ خدائے ذوالجلال
Transliteration (ALA-LC) Translation[8] (poetical)
Pâk sarzamin šâd bâd
Kešvare hasin šâd bâd
To nešâne azme âlišân, arze Pâkestân!
Markaze yaqin šâd bâd
May the holy land, stay glad;
Beautious realm, stay glad.
Thou, the sign of high resolve—
Land of Pakistan!
Citadel of faith, stay glad.
Pâk sarzamin kâ nezâm
Qowate axuwate avâm
Qoum, molk, saltanat
Pâyande tâbande bâd!
Šâd bâd manzele morâd
Order of the holy land,
Power of fraternity of the populace;
Nation, country, and domain;
Ever luminous remain!
The cherished goal, stay glad.
Parcame setârevo helâl
Rahbare taraqqiyo kamâl
Tarjomâne mâzišâne hâl, jâne esteqbâl!
Sâyeye Xodâye zouljalâl
Flag with the star and crescent
Leader of progress and ascent
Dragoman of past, pride of present;
Soul of future!
Shadow of God of grandeur.

Milestones[edit]

  • 1947 - The new state of Pakistan comes into being on 14 August.
  • 1949 - Musical composition for the Qaumi Taranah is composed by the Pakistani musical composer, Ahmad G. Chagla (running time: 80 seconds).
  • 1952 - Verses written by the Pakistani poet, Hafeez Jullundhri, are selected from amongst 723 entries
  • 1954 - Officially adopted as the national anthem and broadcast for the first time on Radio Pakistan on 13 August.
  • 1955 - Sung by 11 famous Pakistani singers including Ahmad Rushdi, Shamim Bano, Kokab Jehan, Rasheeda Begum, Najam Ara, Naseema Shaheen, Zwar Hussain, Akhtar Abbas, Ghulam Dastgir, Anwar Zaheer and Akhtar Wassi.
  • 1996 - Rendered in electric guitar for the first time by Pakistani rock band Junoon in their album Inquilaab.
  • 2009 - Rendered as an acoustic instrumental for the first time by Pakistani musician Jehangir Aziz Hayat.
  • 2011 - On 14 August, 5,857 people gathered in a stadium in Karachi to sing the Qaumi Taranah and set a new world record for most people gathered to sing a national anthem simultaneously.[9]
  • 2012 - On 20 October, 42,813 people gathered in a stadium in Lahore to sing the Qaumi Taranah and set a new world record for most people gathered to sing a national anthem simultaneously, which was certified by Guinness World Records.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Information of Pakistan". Infopak.gov.pk. Retrieved 2013-01-31. 
  2. ^ Michael Jamieson Bristow, National-Anthems.org. "Forty National Anthems". Retrieved 2006-04-12. 
  3. ^ a b c d Aqeel Abbas Jafari (2010). Pakistan Chronicle (in Urdu) (1st ed.). 94/1, 26th St., Ph. 6, D.H.A., Karachi, Pakistan: Wirsa Publishers. p. 42. ISBN 9789699454004. 
  4. ^ a b "National Anthem". Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of Pakistan. Retrieved 2007-11-29. 
  5. ^ a b Mazhar Iqbal, Mazhar.dk. "National Anthem of Pakistan". Retrieved 2006-04-12. 
  6. ^ Mazhar Iqbal, Mazhar.dk. "Ahmad Rushdi". Retrieved 2006-04-12. 
  7. ^ Information Ministry, Government of Pakistan. "Basic Facts". Retrieved 2006-04-12. 
  8. ^ Pasha, Muhammad A. English Composition (Part II). Lahore: Command Publications. 
  9. ^ "Pakistan creates new anthem record – The Express Tribune". Tribune.com.pk. 2011-08-12. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  10. ^ "Pakistan reclaims anthem singing record". Thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2013-01-31. 

External links[edit]