Qazakh District

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For the city, capital of Gazakh Rayon, see Gazakh (city)

Coordinates: 41°05′36″N 45°21′58″E / 41.09333°N 45.36611°E / 41.09333; 45.36611

Qazax
Rayon
Qazax is located in Azerbaijan
Qazax
Qazax
Coordinates: 41°05′36″N 45°21′58″E / 41.09333°N 45.36611°E / 41.09333; 45.36611
Country  Azerbaijan
Rayon Gazakh
Government
 • executive head Ayaz Asgarov
Area
 • Total 700 km2 (300 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 91,500
Time zone AZT (UTC+4)
 • Summer (DST) AZT (UTC+5)
Area code(s) 2229
Website www.qazax-ih.gov.az
Map of Azerbaijan showing Qazakh (Qazax) rayon.

Gazakh (Azerbaijani: Qazax; also known as Kazakh or Qazakh) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. It has two exclaves inside Armenia, Yukhari Askipara and Barkhudarli, both of which came under Armenian control during the Nagorno-Karabakh War.

History[edit]

In antiquity, this rayon was part of the province of Utik. The region was conquered by a succession of neighbouring powers or invaders, including Sassanid Persians, the Byzantine Empire, the Arabs, the Seljuq Turks, the Georgians, the Mongols, the Timurids, the Kara Koyunlu and Ak Koyunlu Turkoman tribes, and finally Safavid Iran. It was also ruled by Ottoman Empire between 1578 and 1607 and again 1722 and 1735.

After the Russo-Persian War (1804-1813), the Russian Empire gained control of the area by virtue of the Treaty of Gulistan. Under Russian rule, it was part of Tiflis Governorate before forming the northeastern part of the Kazakh uyezd of the Elisabethpol Governorate in 1868. A contemporary military historian noted the following ethnographic detail: "Abbas Mirza's route lay through the country of the great tribe of the Casaks, which is extremely strong and thickly wooded." He further notes that: "These have no connection with the Russian Cossacks. They are descended from men of the Kirgis Casaks, left by Genghis Khan. They are frequently called Kara Papaks, from wearing black sheep-skin caps."[2]

When the South Caucasus came under British occupation, Sir John Oliver Wardrop, British Chief Commissioner in the South Caucasus, decided that assigning the Erivan Governorate and the Kars Oblast to Democratic Republic of Armenia (DRA) and the Elisabethpol and Baku Governorates to the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR) would solve the region's outstanding disputes. However, this proposal was rejected by both Armenians (who did not wish to give up their claims to Kazakh, Zangezur (today Syunik), and Nagorno-Karabakh) and Azerbaijanis (who found it unacceptable to give up their claims to Nakhichevan). As conflict broke out between the two groups, the British left the region in mid-1919.

List of Historic and Tourist Sites[edit]

There are 112 protected monuments in the region of Qazakh, of which 54 are archaeological, 46 are architectural, 7 are historical, and 5 are of artistic significance. Historic and tourist sites in this region include:

  • The House of the Poet Samad Vurgun in Yukhari Salahli village, since 1976.
  • The Museum of History and Ethnography, since 1984.
  • The Qazakh State Picture Gallery by the Ministry of Culture of Azerbaijan, since 1986.
  • The Memorial museum of Molla Panah Vagif and Molla Vali Vidadi, since 1970.
  • The House of Teachers Seminary of Qazakh, built in 1910, functioned between 1918 and 1959.
  • The Bath House of Israfil Agha, built in the first decade of the 20th century by Israfil Agha Kerbelayev from the village of Kasaman.
  • The Damjili Caves, in the village of Dash Salahli, south-east of the mount Avey, cover an area of 360 km2 and refer to Middle and Upper Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic eras.
  • Sining Korpu (The Broken Bridge) (Azerbaijani: Sınıq körpü), 12th-century bridge built over the Ehram (Khram) river in the village Ikinji Shikhli.
  • Didevan Castle (Azerbaijani: Didəvan qalası), a 6th-7th century monument in the village of Khanliglar.
  • Mount Goyazan (Azerbaijani: Göyəzən dağı), a rare archaeological monument in the village of Abbasbeyli, rises 857.9 metres above sea level.
  • The Baba Dervish Habitation, an archaeological site in the village Demirchiler.
  • The Kazim Bridge in the village of Yukhari Askipara, allegedly built during the reign of Shamsi Khan.
  • The Juma Mosque of Qazakh, built in 1902 by Akhund Haji Zeynalabdin Mahammadli Oglu from the village of Kasaman.
  • The Aslanbeyli Mosque built in 1909 by Hamid Efendi, the native of village Aslanbeyli.
  • Santepe, an archaeological site dating to the 9th-8th centuries B.C. and the Iron Age.
  • The Qazakhbeyli Hills, an archaeological site daiting from the 8th-6th centuries B.C. near the village of Qazakhbeyli.
  • The Shikhli Human Camp, an archaeological site near the village of Birinji Shikhli.
  • Shakargala, in the Qazakh region.

Prominent people from Qazakh[edit]

Name of Villages Name of Villages Name of Villages
1-I Shikhli 16-Khanliqlar 31-Ashaghi Askipara
2-II Shikhli 17-Jafarli 32-Yukhari Askipara
3-Yukhari Salahli 18-Bala Jafarli 33-Aghkoynak
4-Aslanbayli 19-Barxudarli 34-Garapapaq
6-Kamarli 21-Damirchilar
7-Ashaghi Salahli 22-Alpout
8-Orta Salahli 23-Urkmazli
9-Gazaxbayli 24-Abbasbayli
10-Kosalar 25-Gyzyl Hacili
11-Janalli 26-Farahli
12-Huseynbayli 27-Mazam
13-Dash Salahli 28-Gushchu Ayrim
14-Chayli 29-Baghanis Ayrim
15-Kommuna 30-Kheyrimli

Demographics[edit]

Azeris 99.8% (84.399)[citation needed]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The state statistical committee of the Azerbaijan Republic
  2. ^ Lt-Gen. William Monteith, Kars and Erzeroum: With the Campaigns of Prince Paskiewitch, in 1828 and 1829; and an Account of the conquests of Russia beyond the Caucasus, from the time of Peter the Great to the Treaty of Turcoman Chie and Adrianople, London: Longman, 1856, p. 60

External links[edit]

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