|Name meaning||from personal name|
|Also spelled||Kezazeh, Kerazeh|
|Date of depopulation||9–10 July 1948|
|Cause(s) of depopulation||Influence of nearby town's fall|
|Current localities||Israel Defense Forces base|
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Qezazeh had a population of 472, all Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 649, still all Muslims, in a total of 150 houses.
The villagers maintained a village mosque and some owned shops. An elementary school was first established in Qazaza in 1922. In 1945 Qazaza joined with the villagers of Sajad and Jilya and established a common school for all the three villages. This school had 127 students at the time of its founding in 1945.
The villagers cultivated grain, vegetables and fruits.
In 1945 the population was 940, all Arabs, while the total land area was 18,829 dunams, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, a total of 11,757 dunums were allocated to cereals, while 131 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards, while 38 dunams were classified as built-up urban areas.
1948 war and aftermath
During the countdown to the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, the Haganah was ordered to demolish Arab houses in socalled "retaliatory measures". In this connection, Haganah units partially destroyed the home of the mukhtar of Qazaza, Abdullah Abu Sabah, on the 19 December 1947, in response to the killing of a Jew. During the war Qazaza was defended by the Egyptian Army and local militiamen. Its population of an estimated 1,090 Arabs fled after the fall of a neighbouring town of Sajad. On 9 July 1948, as part of Operation An-Far, Israel's Givati Brigade captured the village.
On 16 July 1948, |Givati HQ informed General Staff\Operations that "our forces have entered the villages of Qazaza, Kheima, Jilya, Idnibba, Mughallis, expelled the inhabitants, [and] blown up and torched a number of houses. The area is at the moment clear of Arabs".
Today, the village lands are used by the Israel Defense Forces. As a closed military zone, it is not known what became of Qazaza's mosque, its elementary school (which had served the villages of Sajad and Jilya as well) or its more than 150 homes.
- List of Arab towns and villages depopulated during the 1948 Palestinian exodus
- Palestine Railways
- Jaffa–Jerusalem railway
- Khalidi, 1992, p. 405
- Palmer, 1881, p. 268
- Morris, 2004, p. xix, village number 265. Also gives cause of depupulation
- Mansell, 1862, p.506. Cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 405
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 408
- Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramleh, p. 21
- Mills, 1932, p. 22.
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 68
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 116.
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 166
- Morris, 2004, p. 343
- Givati HQ to General Staff\Operations, 20:50 hours, 16 July 1948, IDFA 922\75\\1176. See also Givati Brigade, "Combat Page", 16 July 1948, IDFA 6127\49\\118. Cited in Morris, 2004, p. 437
- "Welcome to Qazaza". Palestine Remembered. Retrieved 2007-12-06.
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922 (PDF). Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Khalidi, Walid (1992). All that Remains. Washington DC: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
- Mansell, A. L. (1863): "A Surveying Trip through the Holy Land." The Nautical Magazine and Naval Chronicle. January Issue:36-40. Cited in Khalidi, 1992.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Welcome to Qazaza
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 16: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Qazaza at Khalil Sakakini Cultural Center