Qazi Mir Imdad Ali

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Mir Imdad Ali
Born Sakras, Haryana
Residence Nagpur and Tijara
Occupation Company Havildar Major
Known for Qazi

Qazi Mir Imdad Ali (b. 1224AH/1809AD - d. 1295AH/1878AD) was Military officer during Bhonsle Dynasty in 1835 at Nagpur.

Biography[edit]

Mir Imdad Ali was an inherited Qazi by profession from Sakras, District Gurgaon (Haryana). He was merely 5 years when his father Syed Mohammad Ashraf was assassinated (Shaheed) in 1814 by Meo Community at Sakras. It was a time when Mughals were becoming weak and there was almost anarchy and lawlessness all over the state. The government was weakened by successive wars, agrarian crises fueling local revolts, the growth of religious intolerance and British colonialism. Soon after the demise of his father, he migrated from Sakras, where his family lived nearly 500 years, to Tijara.

His elder brother Haji Mohammad Zainuddin, arranged higher education for him. He learned Arabic and Persian languages apart from general philosophy and knowledge. From many parts of the country, students came to learn various subjects from him. After the revolt of 1857, his interest was only reading and teaching. Maulana Syed Mukarram Hussain (died 1887), the first Mujtahid of Jalali (Aligarh) was also his student in earlier days[1]

Being courageous in nature and a good horse rider, he was appointed Military officer in 1835 during the Bhonsle Dynasty at the princely state of Nagpur. At that time, Maharaja Senasaheb Subha Chhatrapati Raghuji Bapusaheb Bhonsle III was the ruler of the princely state of Nagpur (1818–1853). After the death of Raghuji Bapusaheb Bhonsle III on 11 December 1853, the state lapsed and the Nagpur Province became the part of the Central Provinces and Berar and came under the administration of a commissioner under the British central government, with Nagpur as its capital.[2][3][4] In Nagpur, his relative had a Risala (mounted troop) of 100 horse riders with Naqqara and Nishān (insignia). He with other family relatives came back from Nagpur in 1262 AH / 1845 AD. He also served 15th Battalion of Punjab Regiment of the British Indian Army at Jalandhar. In this 15th Battalion, his relative Qazi Rahimuddin was Risaldar. Because of literary and courageous nature of Qazi Imdad Ali, Regimental Sergeant Major Sham Fiar respected him too much. He needed a person who could help him in Persian and Urdu. Later on of his life, he started his business of horse trading from Tijara.

Being an ardent lover of literature, he also maintained a good library of his own books at his residence. He even transcribed a poetic book 'Aakhir Gat' of Hazrat Mohammad Ramzan Shaheed Mohmi (Shahadat 1824) in Urdu. A copy of this book transcribed by him with his signature on 10 February 1849 is available in the Library of Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval Medicine and Sciences.

He died on Sunday 22 September 1878 (25th Ramzan 1295AH) at the age of 70 years and was buried at Pana near Bagh MirInji, Tijara, Alwar. At the same family graveyard, his wife Fayyazun Nisan, his son-in-law Mohammad Yusuf and his daughter's son Mohammad Yamin are also buried. Following is a eulogy, narrated by a Persian poet on Qazi Mir Imdad Ali’s death:

قاضی ساکرس، آن سید امداد علی

حیف ازعا لم بی مہربہ ناگا ہ رفت

صالحی بود کزین کارگہ شر وفساد

رخت بربست وسوی منزل دلخوا ہ برفت

نالہ ای کرد ز اندوہ وفغانی بکشید

ہر کہ بشنید آن سید ذ یجا ہ برفت

بہر تاریخ وفاتش بہ زبان قلمم

پی بہ پی سیصد وھم سیزد ہ بارآ ہ برفت

Family[edit]

His family members were of the famous nobility from the region of Mewat, many members had a long tradition of scholarship and military history. After the loss of Syed Mohammad Ashraf, the family of Mir Imdad Ali was shifted to Tijara, where other family relatives were living. The people from ‘Saiyed family’ were very few in the region of Mewat. They were distinct in places like Khairthal, Bahadur Pur and Tijara. According to Major P.W. Powlett (late settlement officer of Ulwar), Mandha (now in Sikar district), was the only Saiyed village in the Tehsil of Tijara. The people are connected with the Khairthal Saiyed, and have been established at Mandha for four or five hundred years. There is a half-built fort in the village, begun by Faizulla Khan Khanzada of Shahbad, who was in power for a time some eighty years ago. He was offended with the Saiyads for refusing a matrimonial alliance with him, and to build his fort he destroyed twenty-two of their masonry houses (Havelis)[5]

Qazi Mir Imdad Ali had many family relatives in several places of nearby states of Haryana and Rajasthan such as Khairthal, Rewari, Jhajhar, Ferozepur Jhirka, Bahadur Pur and Tijara. Many of them held important offices at princely state of Alwar and Jaipur, while some family members took part in India's First War of Independence. Mufti Yaqinuddin son of Mufti Imamuddin, and the brother-in-law of Mir Imdad Ali (actually son-in-law of his uncle Syed Mohammad Shamsuddin) was a renowned scholar and Mufti of Rewari. Being Mufti of the city, he issued Fatwa against the British forces and to support the forces of Rao Tula Ram of Rewari. In consequent to his Fatwa, Muslims of Rewari and nearby villages fought against British invasion and supported with heart and soul the small force of Rao Tula Ram. Many got martyrdom in the fight so called the 'Fight at Narnaul'. After the defeat of Rao Tula Ram on 16 November 1857, Mufti Yaqinuddin and his brother-in-law Abdur Rahman (alias Nabi Baksh) were hanged after brought from Tijara to Delhi. His brother Mufti Nizamuddin was arrested from Rewari and was also hanged in Delhi.

Mir Imdad Ali first married to Bibi Ajab Daulat (daughter of Mohammad Yar and maternal granddaughter of Shah Abulghais) but had no children. After the death of Bibi Ajab Daulat and at the age of 60 years, he remarried in 1869 with Fayyazun Nisan (Daughter of Hussainuddin ibn Amiruddin ibn Moizuddin). With second wife, he had one son - Hakim Syed Karam Husain and one daughter - Anwari Begum (born in 1874).

Anwari Begum was married to Mohammad Yusuf ibn Mohammad Hussain ibn Ghulam Gilani of Bulandshahr and had three sons Haji Mohammd Yasin, Hakim Mohammad Mubin Ahmad and Mohammad Hanif. Mohammad Yusuf died due to Pneumonia in an early age on 9 Dhu al-Qi'dah at Tijara while Anwari Begum died at the age of 84 years on 16 Shawwal / 15 May 1957 at Karachi, Pakistan.

  1. Haji Mohammad Yasin (d. 9 August 1989) was 'Deputy District collector' at United Province of India. After retirement he migrated to Pakistan and worked as 'Settlement Officer'. He was married to cousin Manzoor Fatima, daughter of Abul Hasan in 1916 and had six sons [Mohammad Hussain, Mohammad Tahsin (died 1982), Mohammad Mursalin (has 3 sons and 3 daughter i.e. Muhammad Waqar Burney, Muhammad Wasi Burnay, Muhammad Faseih Burney, Asma, Saba and Salma), Mohammad Mohsin (has 3 sons i.e. Muhammad Aamir Burney, Muhammad Asim Burney, Muhammad Kashif Burney), Mohammad Shakil and Mohammad Kafil] and three daughters [Qamar Yasin (died January 2011), Akhtar Fatima and Badar Yasin]. Mohammad Tahsin (died 1982) did 'BSc Engineering' from Aligarh Muslim University and remained Chief Engineer in many companies. He was married to Maryam Sultana, daughter of Inamul Haq Haqqi and had five children Wajih Fatima (married to Shafiqur Rahman, Jeddah), Bushra Fatima (married to Abdur Rasheed Waris, Florida), Mohammad Ikram (did engineering from London), Shabih Fatima (graduated from London) and Samina (graduated from Jeddah). Mohammad Shakil had three sons and all are Hafiz Quran. Badar Yasin did double MA in subjects Economics and Islamic studies. After 'Research fellowship', she also taught at 'Muslim Girls College, Karachi.
  2. Hakim Mohammad Mubin Ahmad was a Unani physician at Dawakhana Shifaul Amraz. He was first married to Riyaz Fatima, daughter of Mohammad Yamin of Bulandshahr who died during child birth. Second marriage was performed with Rabia Begum daughter of Abdul Mughni of Sikandrabad (Bulandshahr) with whom he had one son Mohammad Muhiuddin Ahmad Burney (b 28 February 1934) and one daughter Jameela Begum. Mohammad Muhiuddin Ahmad Burney married his first cousin Mubeen Fatima. She was the daughter of Qazi Syed Khalilur Rahman of Rewari. Muhammad Mohiuddin has four sons and Three Daughters i.e. Muhammad Sohail Burney, Muhammad Moeen Burney, Muhammad Obaid Burney, Muhammad Saim Burney. Jameela Begum was married to Salahuddin and had two children Masood and Ghazala. After the death of Rabia Begum on 6 Shawwal 1940, Mohammad Mubin Ahmad did third marriage with Imtiazi Begum (d. 29 November 1974), daughter of Qazi Hisamuddin of Shahabad, (Tijara), with whom one son Badiuddin was born. Badiuddin did Diploma in Engineering from Russia
  3. Haji Mohammad Hanif (born 1906) was married to Aziza Begum (daughter of Qazi Mohammad Yusuf of Bulandshahr) on 10 January 1938. He had two daughters: Arifa and Marifa. Arifa is married to Mohammad Usman ibn Mohammad Yasin of Bulandshahr. She has five children: Mohammad Irfan, Mohammad Salman, Farhana, Sarha and Saima, while Marifa/ Mairaj Fatima was married to Mr Syed Shamim Akhtar. Mairaj Fatima has two sons Syed Saleem Shahzad and Syed Waseem Fawad and one daughter (Marium Imran).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Khulasatul Insab, Ed. Maulana Syed Mukarram Hussain
  2. ^ "Biography". Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval Medicine and Sciences, Aligarh, India. 
  3. ^ Hayat Karam Hussain (Biography). Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval Medicine and Sciences, Aligarh, India, 2nd Ed. 2008. 
  4. ^ Nagpur ka Muslim Muashra (Gondwana aur Bhonsle Aihad [1700-1845]); Vol 2 by Dr. M. Sharfuddin Sahil, Salman Fine Arts, Nagpur, 1996.
  5. ^ Major P.W. Powlett. Gazetteer of Ulwar (Late settlement officer of Ulwar), London: Trubner and Co. Ludgate Hill, 1878, page 134