Qiū (surname)

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Qiū
Family name
Region of origin China
Language(s) of origin Chinese

Qiu[1] is the Hanyu Pinyin transliteration of the Chinese family names 丘, 邱, 仇, 秋 and 裘. They may be transliterated in various forms, as:

Chiu or Khew (Hakka, in Wade-Giles)

丘 and 邱 also appear in Korea, where they may be transliterated as:

丘/邱 ranks 151st in the Hundred Family Surnames, and is very common in Luoyang, Henan or Wuxing, Zhejiang. 秋 is common with Taiwanese aboriginals, but is otherwise rare, ranking 237th. 邱 is a very rare surname in South Korea, with census records noting a distribution of less than 2000 with the name.

History[edit]

Qiu (丘) is a common surname in China. It is also one of the most influential surnames in Taiwan, as well as the Sichuan and Fujian provinces in the South China region.[2]

The surname has several historical origins:

  • In 1046 BC, Zhou Wuwang overthrew the Shang Dynasty with the help of his prime minister, Jiang Ziya. Jiang's clan later settled in the Fufeng County of Shaanxi, where they took the name of the then-capital, Qiu, as their surname. Their descendants bore this surname until the reign of the Qing Yongzheng (1677-1735), when some adopted the written form 邱 to distinguish it from the name of Confucius (孔丘).[2] However, the change was mostly adopted by Hokkiens while the Hakkas generally refused. Many Hakkas who refused the change were then prosecuted by the Qing government. It was only after Sun Yat-Sen has overthrown the Qing Dynasty and established the Republic of China in 1912AD, some Qiu (邱) reverted to the ancient surname Qiu (丘)[3]
  • In Early Zhou, Zhou Wu Wang awarded Cao Xie, the descendant of Zhuanxu, the land of Zhu (now it is located southeast part of Qufu, Shandong Province) and established a state there. During the Spring and Autumn period, there was a senior official in the state named Qiu Ruo, and his descendants have taken Qiu as their surname since then.[2]
  • An official named Zuo Qiuming in the Lu State in the Spring and Autumn period lived in Zuo Qiu (now in Dingtao in southern Shandong). And his descendents took the last part of the place name as their surname. In the pre-Qin period (21st century-221 BC), most of the Qiu families lived in the Shandong area. After the Qing and Han dynasties, the Qiu families gradually moved to the southern areas. And most of them were big families to the south of the Yangtze River. The Qiu families entered Taiwan in early Qing Dynasty and Qiu has become one of the popular surnames in the province.

Modern History[edit]

  • When Hakka people from Guangdong migrated to Jamaica in the 19th and 20th centuries as indentured servants, the name 丘 was transliterated "Hugh".

other[edit]

  • Xia Dynasty period, Si(姒, Sa) clan change surname to Qiu(丘).
  • Chen (state), Gui(陳, Kyu) clan change surname to Qiu(丘).
  • Xia Dynasty's period feudal lords Qiuwu(九五, Guo) clan change surname to Jiu(九), or Qiu(仇).
  • Xia Dynasty's Hou(侯, Hu) clan change surname to Qiu(仇). surname Hou(侯) from Si(姒) clan of Xia Dynasty.
  • Zhou Dynasty Ji(姬, Kei, Ki, Hi) Clan change surname to Qiu(秋) in at early Zhou Dynasty.
  • Qiuqiu(秋秋, Chuchu) clan change surname to Qiu(秋).

Celebrities[edit]

[edit]

  • Qiu Chuji (丘處機), Chinese taoist known for his journey from China to Persia
  • Qiu Le (丘樂), Chinese weightlifter
  • Raymond Yau (丘威), (b. 1978), Chinese-American photographer, video director, and DJ
  • Yau Kin Wai (丘建威), Hong Kong football player
  • Qiu Dewei (丘德威), Alan Yau, founder of Wagamama, and Michelin Star awarded Yauatcha and Hakkasan.
  • Alan Yau (b. 1962), an English restaurateur
  • Anna Yau (b. 1977), Hong Kong radio DJ, actress and host
  • Shing-Tung Yau (丘成桐) (b. 1949), a Chinese-American mathematician

[edit]

  • Cindy Chiu (邱辛蒂), Chinese American Actress
  • Chiu Yi (邱毅), Taiwanese legislator
  • Qiū Débá (邱德拔), Tan Sri Khoo Teck Puat is arguably the richest Singaporean.
  • Qiu Hongmei (邱紅梅), Chinese weightlifter
  • Qiu Hongxia (邱紅霞), Chinese weightlifter
  • Qiu Jun (邱峻), Chinese go player
  • Qiu Miaojin (邱妙津), Taiwanese lesbian author
  • Qiu Wei (邱為), Chinese Tang Dynasty poet.
  • Qiu Zhijie (邱志傑), Chinese visual artist
  • Benny Yau (邱穟恆), Canadian television personality
  • Chingmy Yau (邱淑貞), Hong Kong actress
  • Herman Yau (邱禮濤), Hong Kong film director
  • Carlos Cu jr.(邱健智), Philippines actor A.K.A. Marky Lopez
  • David Chiu (邱信福), Taiwanese American politician
  • Qiu Shaoyun (邱少云), Chinese Korean War hero in 1950s

[edit]

  • Qiu Jin (秋瑾), Chinese revolutionary

Unknown[edit]

See also[edit]

Qiú (surname) (仇 and 裘)

References[edit]

  1. ^ The approximate English pronunciation is /ˈjuː/.
  2. ^ a b c Chinese surname history: Qiu, People's Daily, 2005-12-08 
  3. ^ Chung, Y.N.(2003). About Chinese Surnames. Available: http://www.asiawind.com/forums/read.php?f=1&i=4672&t=4601&v=f