Qidong, Jiangsu

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Qidong
启东市
County-level city
Looking southeast on the city, with downtown at the upper left (2007)
Looking southeast on the city, with downtown at the upper left (2007)
Qidong is located in Jiangsu
Qidong
Qidong
Location in Jiangsu
Coordinates: 31°52′12″N 121°42′11″E / 31.870°N 121.703°E / 31.870; 121.703Coordinates: 31°52′12″N 121°42′11″E / 31.870°N 121.703°E / 31.870; 121.703[1]
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jiangsu
Prefecture-level city Nantong
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Qidong (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: 啟東; pinyin: Qǐdōng) is a county-level city under the administration of Nantong, Jiangsu province, China. It is located on the north side of the Yangtze River opposite Shanghai and contains the province's easternmost point. It has a population of 1.12 million.

The center of the city is named Huilong Township. It also has a well-known fishing port called Lüsi town, named after Lü Dongbin, one of the eight immortals, who is said to have visited the place four times.

History[edit]

Before the Han Dynasty, Qidong's land was still under the Yellow Sea .It became the land until Mid-Qing Dynasty.March 1928, Qidong County was set up.In November 1989, the name "Qidong County" was abolished by following current policies. It has adopted the name "Qidong City" ever since.

In July 2012, Qidong was the scene of a violent environmental protest against an industrial waste pipeline.[2]

Population and Culture[edit]

The county was formed from sands in the Yellow Sea in Qing Dao Guang or Qian Long. People migrated to the newly founded land from both South Ning Bo, Or North. And therefore there are two dialects.

Language[edit]

People living in Lüsi town speak a different dialect—known as Lüsi dialect (; 呂四話; Lǜsì Huà) or Tongdong dialect (; 通東話; Tōngdōng Huà) -- from most other residents, who generally speak Qidong Dialect (; 啟東話; Qǐdōng Huà). The two dialects are considerably different and thus they are not mutually intelligible. Because most economic, educational and governmental activities are held in the city capital Huilong, where Qidong Dialect is prevalent, many residents of Lüsi have learned to understand and even speak the majority dialect.

Qidong Dialect is a dialect of Wu Chinese. Some people consider it similar to Shanghainese, also a dialect of Wu Chinese, mostly spoken in the city of Shanghai. It is almost the same as the dialect spoken in Chongming, which is a town under administration of Shanghai.

Both of the two dialects belong to the Northern Wu dialect. However, because of cultural differences among two places, there still exist non-intelligible usage mostly in vocabulary.

Education[edit]

Qidong High School located at the Town of Huilong enjoys a high reputation which basically is owed to its so-called "Special Class" where most students can be awarded in national mathematics, physics and chemistry competitions and almost half of the students can be admitted to Tshinghua University, Peking University and other elite universities. Apart from Qidong High School, there are many other high schools, such as Huilong High School, Dongnan High School and others.

Entertainment[edit]

Bar and club scene

Due to the large foreign contracted workforce employed at the COSCO (Nantong) Shipyard, Qidong is blessed with an array of 'Western' style bars.[citation needed]

Qidong hosts an annual Seafood festival and trade fair.

Infrastructure[edit]

The 200-300 mile Ningqi Highway connects Nanjing to Qidong.

A bridge completed in 2011 links Qidong with Chongming County and also the urban centre of Shanghai, reducing the driving time from three hours to one hour. Qidong can be reached from Shanghai Pudong Airport within 45 minutes without traffic congestion.

Economy[edit]

Local industry focuses on pharmaceutical production, computer accessory production and chemical fertilizer production.

Qidong is an offshore engineering & construction hub hosting companies like COSCO, SINOPACIFIC, Specialty Process Equipment Corporation (SPEC), DAO DA Heavy Industry and several other heavy industry, shipyard & fabrications facilities.

Major agriculture crops produced in the area include wheat, corn, soy beans, peanuts, yams and cotton. The climate is suitable for pears, peaches, oranges and watermelons.

Fishing is a major source of income for some rural residents.

Weather[edit]

There are four distinct seasons: spring, summer, fall, and a mild winter. During the summer, monsoon lasts for weeks, and there is plenty of rain.

References[edit]

External links[edit]