In Chinese philosophy, qing (情) is a concept translated variously as "reality", "feelings," "genuine", "essence", "disposition", or "emotion". Neo-Confucians understand qing as products of environmental circumstances affecting xing, or innate human nature. This interpretation of qing as an emotional or dispositional concept, especially as connected to xing, arose after the Warring States period. A broader, or at least earlier, Confucian interpretation would be the behavioral quality of a person given their context. For Confucians, who emphasized cultivation of ren (humaneness), li (ritual propriety), and yi (rightesouness) to build de, or virtuous moral character.