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Qīngmíng (pīnyīn) or Chīngmíng (MPS II) or Seimei (rōmaji) (Chinese and Japanese: 清明; Korean: 청명; Vietnamese: Thanh minh; literally: "clear and bright") is the name of the 5th solar term of the traditional East Asian lunisolar calendar, which divides a year into 24 solar terms (節氣). Qingming begins when the sun reaches the celestial longitude of 15° and ends when it reaches the longitude of 30°. It more often refers in particular to the day when the sun is exactly at the celestial longitude of 15°. In the Gregorian calendar, it usually begins around 4 April or 5 April and ends around 20 April.
|辛巳||2001-04-04 17:24||2001-04-20 00:35|
|壬午||2002-04-04 23:18||2002-04-20 06:20|
|癸未||2003-04-05 04:52||2003-04-20 12:02|
|甲申||2004-04-04 10:43||2004-04-19 17:50|
|乙酉||2005-04-04 16:34||2005-04-19 23:37|
|丙戌||2006-04-04 22:15||2006-04-20 05:26|
|丁亥||2007-04-05 04:04||2007-04-20 11:07|
|戊子||2008-04-04 09:45||2008-04-19 16:51|
|己丑||2009-04-04 15:33||2009-04-19 22:44|
|庚寅||2010-04-04 21:30||2010-04-20 04:29|
|辛卯||2011-04-05 03:11||2011-04-20 10:17|
|壬辰||2012-04-04 09:05||2012-04-19 16:12|
|癸巳||2013-04-04 15:02||2013-04-19 22:03|
|甲午||2014-04-04 20:46||2014-04-20 03:55|
Each solar term can be divided into 3 pentads (候). They are: first pentad (初候), second pentad (次候) and last pentad (末候). Pentads in Chingming include:
- First pentad: 桐始華, 'The paulownia begins to bloom'.
- Second pentad: 田鼠化為鴽, 'Voles transform into quails'.
- Last pentad: 虹始見, 'Rainbows begin to appear'.
- First pentad: 玄鳥至
- Second pentad: 鴻雁北
- Last pentad: 虹始見
- Qingming Festival (清明節), festival celebrated on the day of Qingming
- Cold Food Festival (寒食節), three-day festival starting one day before and ending one day after Qingming
- Along the River During the Qingming Festival