Qinzhou

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For other uses, see Qinzhou (disambiguation).
Qinzhou
钦州市 · Ginhcouh Si
Prefecture-level city
Qinzhou government buildings
Qinzhou government buildings
Location of Qinzhou City jurisdiction in Guangxi
Location of Qinzhou City jurisdiction in Guangxi
Qinzhou is located in China
Qinzhou
Qinzhou
Location in China
Coordinates: 21°57′N 108°37′E / 21.950°N 108.617°E / 21.950; 108.617
Country People's Republic of China
Region Guangxi
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 5,250 km2 (2,030 sq mi)
Elevation 12 m (39 ft)
Population (2004)
 • Prefecture-level city 3,440,000
 • Density 660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Metro 944,000
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 535000
Area code(s) 0777
Licence plate prefixes N
Website qinzhou.gov.cn
Qinzhou
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 钦州
Traditional Chinese 欽州
Postal Map Yenchow
Zhuang name
Zhuang Ginhcouh
1957 orthography Ginƅcouƅ

Qinzhou (simplified Chinese: 钦州; traditional Chinese: 欽州; pinyin: Qīnzhōu)[1] is a prefecture-level city in Guangxi, People's Republic of China, lying on the Gulf of Tonkin and having an urban population of 944,000.[when?]

History[edit]

The area originally belonged to Guangdong. The city was originally a county Qinxian (Chinese Postal Map Romanisation: Yamhsien). From the beginning of the present era[when?], Qinzhou (Wade-Giles: K'in-chou] was for many centuries "the center of Chinese overland trade with Indo-China".[2]

Administration[edit]

The Qinzhou municipal region comprises two (county-level) districts and two counties.

Population data is as of 2009.[3] 

Geography[edit]

Despite its latitude and location on the Gulf of Tonkin coast, Qinzhou has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with short, mild winters, and long, hot and humid summers. Winter begins dry and rather sunny but becomes progressively wetter and cloudier. Spring is generally overcast and often rainy, while summer continues to be rainy though is the sunniest time of year; the coastal location moderates summer daytime temperatures, but there are 10.9 days annually with rainfall totaling at least 50 mm (1.97 in). Autumn is sunny and dry. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 13.6 °C (56.5 °F) in January to 28.4 °C (83.1 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 22.17 °C (71.9 °F). Annual rainfall is around 2,150 mm (85 in), the majority of which occurs from June to August.[citation needed] With monthly possible sunshine ranging from 17% in February to 55% in September, the city receives an average of 1,721 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Qinzhou (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 17.6
(63.7)
18.1
(64.6)
21.5
(70.7)
26.2
(79.2)
29.9
(85.8)
31.3
(88.3)
31.9
(89.4)
31.9
(89.4)
31.3
(88.3)
28.4
(83.1)
24.6
(76.3)
20.8
(69.4)
26.1
(79)
Average low °C (°F) 10.8
(51.4)
12.2
(54)
15.7
(60.3)
20.3
(68.5)
23.5
(74.3)
25.3
(77.5)
25.7
(78.3)
25.4
(77.7)
24.1
(75.4)
20.9
(69.6)
16.2
(61.2)
12.4
(54.3)
19.4
(66.9)
Rainfall mm (inches) 46.1
(1.815)
56.5
(2.224)
68.4
(2.693)
136.7
(5.382)
232.7
(9.161)
362.3
(14.264)
416.6
(16.402)
415.9
(16.374)
202.3
(7.965)
124.2
(4.89)
57.6
(2.268)
31.1
(1.224)
2,150.4
(84.662)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 11.7 13.7 15.1 15.0 16.3 17.6 19.1 19.3 13.5 10.5 6.9 6.9 165.6
 % humidity 77 81 84 84 84 85 85 85 80 76 72 71 80.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 79.0 55.5 67.3 99.8 169.9 173.7 204.2 186.3 200.3 185.0 162.4 137.7 1,721.1
Percent possible sunshine 23 17 18 26 42 43 50 47 55 51 49 41 38.5
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Nature[edit]

Critically endangered Chinese White Dolphins still live in the waters of these areas such as in Sanniang Bay.[4] They are threatened by various factors such habitat loss.

Economy[edit]

In 2004, the GDP totaled 17,5 billion yuan, and the GDP per capita was 5,131 yuan.[5]

Grain cultivation, hog husbandry, fruit growing and fishing are of significance in the surrounding areas.

Famous people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ In Postal Map Romanization, it is also romanized as Yamchow and Yenchow
  2. ^ Chau Ju-Kua: His Work on the Chinese and Arab trade in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, entitled Chu-fen-chĩ, translated from the Chinese and Annotated by Friedrich Hirth and W. W. Rockhill. St. Petersburg. 1911, p. 6.
  3. ^ 钦州_百度百科
  4. ^ http://usa.chinadaily.com.cn/2010-09/03/content_11253054.htm
  5. ^ Market Profiles on Chinese Cities and Provinces (actualisation 08/2006)

External links[edit]