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Qiṣāṣ (Arabic: قصاص) is an Islamic term meaning "retaliation" or "settlement of accounts", and follows the principle of an eye for an eye, or lex talionis, first set forth by Hammurabi. In the case of murder, it means the right of the heirs of a murder victim to demand execution of the murderer.
- O ye who believe, equivalence is the law decreed for ye when dealing with murder - the free for the free, the slave for the slave, the female for the female. If one is pardoned by the victim's kin, an appreciative response is in order, and an equitable compensation shall be paid. This is an alleviation from thine Lord and mercy. Anyone who transgresses beyond this incurs a painful retribution.
The issue of qiṣāṣ gained attention in the Western media in 2009 when Ameneh Bahrami, an Iranian woman blinded in an acid attack, demanded her attacker Majiv Movahedi be blinded as well. In 2011, Bahrami made a last-minute retraction of this demand, requesting on the day the sentence was to be carried out that her attacker be pardoned.
- almaany.com see also Hans Wehr, p. 897
- Sura 2, The Heifer (Al-Baqarah), 178
- [Quran 2:178]
- [Quran 5:45]
- A Guide to the Legal System of the Islamic Republic of Iran, March 2006
- WLUML: News and Views
- "In Iran, a case of an eye for an eye" Phillie Metro March 29, 2009
- "Iranian sentenced to be blinded for acid attack is pardoned" (BBC News, 31 July 2011)