Quñuqqucha

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Quñuqqucha
Laguna Conococha.jpg
Location Ancash Region
Coordinates 10°07′40″S 77°17′02″W / 10.12778°S 77.28389°W / -10.12778; -77.28389Coordinates: 10°07′40″S 77°17′02″W / 10.12778°S 77.28389°W / -10.12778; -77.28389
Basin countries Peru
Surface elevation 4,050 m

Quñuqqucha or Qunuqqucha (Quechua quñuq,[1][2] qunuq[3] warm, lukewarm, qucha lake,[4] "warm lake", hispanicized spelling Conococha) is a lake in the Andes-Cordillera of South America in north-western Peru.

Quñuqqucha is situated in the Ancash Region at an altitude of 4,050 m above sea level and at 10°07′40″S 77°17′02″W / 10.12778°S 77.28389°W / -10.12778; -77.28389 on the road from Callejón de Huaylas to Chiquián.

The lake is seen as the headwaters of the Santa which from here runs 200 km in a northerly direction, between the Cordillera Negra and the snowcapped Cordillera Blanca.

Quñuqqucha is fed by small streams from the Cordillera Negra in the west and the Cordillera Blanca in the east. The main tributary of the lake is the river Tuco which has its source in Laguna Tuco (9°56′40″S 77°11′44″W / 9.94444°S 77.19556°W / -9.94444; -77.19556) circa 5,000 m above sea level at one of the glacier tongues of Nevado de Tuco.

The village Quñuqqucha (Conococha) is located on the western shore of the lake, where connecting roads to Lima, Pativilca, Huaraz and Chiquián are crossing.

Despite of the extreme altitude the lake is rich in fish, among others salmon and trout are found are. In 1996, a new species of the frog genus Telmatobius was discovered in the lake which is distinct from any other Peruvian species, as was reported by the scientists Antonio W. Salas und Ulrich Sinsch on behalf of the Museo de Historia Natural, Lima.

The regional copper and zinc mining company Antamina has been accused of lowering waters levels of Quñuqqucha and thus affecting plant and animal species, and of contaminating the region with toxic mineral residues.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Leonel Alexander Menacho López, Yachakuqkunapa Shimi Qullqa, Anqash Qhichwa Shimichaw (Ministerio de Educación), Wordbook Ancash Quechua-Spanish: Quñuq. - Caliente.
  2. ^ Mg. Silvestre F. Cadillo Agüero, Curso Electivo Quechua Médico (Guía de enseñanza y aprendizaje), Universidad de San Martín de Porres, Facultad de Medicina, Lima - Peru, 2012: 11. INDICACIONES DESPUÉS DEL PARTO 11. ... quñuq yakuwan. (Quechua) - ... con agua tibia (Spanish) (Translation: ... with lukewarm water.)
  3. ^ Rodolfo Cerrón-Palomino, El Franciscano Ráez y la unificación del quechua, p. 226
  4. ^ Teofilo Laime Ajacopa, Diccionario Bilingüe Iskay simipi yuyayk'ancha, La Paz, 2007 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary)