|Qu'aiti State in Hadhramaut
Arabic: القعيطي al-Quʿayṭī
|State of the Protectorate of South Arabia|
|HRH Sultan||Ghalib II bin Awadh Al Qu'aiti|
|Historical era||20th century|
|-||Disestablished||17 September 1967|
Qu'aiti (Arabic: القعيطي al-Quʿayṭī), officially the Qu'aiti State in Hadhramaut (Arabic: (الدولة القعيطية الحضرمية) or the Qu'aiti Sultanate of Shihr and Mukalla (Arabic:سلطنة الشحر والمكلاا al-Salṭanah al-Quʿayṭīyah fī-l Shihr wa al-Mukallā), was a sultanate in the Hadhramaut region of the southern Arabian Peninsula, in what is now Yemen. Its capital was Al Mukalla and it was divided into six provinces including Al Mukalla -including Ash Shihr, Shibam, Du'an, the Western Province and Hajr.
The Qu'aitis, sons of Umar bin Awadh al Qu'aiti, who became a jemadar in the forces of the Nizam of Hyderabad State (now in India), first took the town of Shibam from the rival Kathiris in 1858. They later conquered Ash Shihr in 1866 and Al Mukalla in 1881, largely replacing the Kathiris to control most of the Hadhramaut coast on the Gulf of Aden. They entered into treaty relations with the British in 1888 and created a unified sultanate in 1902 that would become a part of the Aden Protectorate.
As Great Britain planned for the eventual independence of South Arabia in the 1960s, Qu’aiti declined to join the British-sponsored Federation of South Arabia but remained under British protection as part of the Protectorate of South Arabia. Despite promises of a UN referendum to assist in determining the future of the Qu'aiti state in South Arabia on 17 September 1967, Communist forces overran the kingdom and, in November of that year, the Qu’aiti State was integrated forcibly without a referendum into Communist South Yemen which united with North Yemen, again without a referendum, in 1990 to become the Republic of Yemen.
Current Qu'aiti royal family
- Sultan Ghalib II bin Awadh bin Saleh Al Qu'aiti
- born 7 January 1948 in London. Ruled from 10 October 1966 – 17 September 1967; married Sultana Rashid (sister of author Ahmed Rashid), and has issue:
- Crown Prince Saleh bin Ghalib Al Qu'aiti
- born 3 February 1977 in London, graduated from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst and Millfield School; married Princess Salwa Al-Huraibi of Yafa'.
- Princess Fatima bint Ghalib Al Qu'aiti
- born 26 July 1979 in London, holds a BA and a MA from the University of Oxford and graduated from Westonbirt School; married Prince Shad Al-Sherif Pasha of the Hijaz and Turkey, graduated from Westminster School and holds a BA from Wheaton College, University of Oxford and a MA from the University of Chicago.
- Princess Muzna bint Ghalib Al Qu'aiti
- born 28 December 1980 in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, holds a MA from the School of Oriental and African Studies, SOAS and BA from the American University in Cairo; married Hisham Hafez of Medina, Saudi Arabia.
Sultan Ghalib holds a MA from University of Oxford in Oriental Studies (Islamic History) and another in Arabian Studies from the University of Cambridge, both with honours. The Sultan graduated from Millfield School. He has been a Saudi resident since 1968, presently residing in Jeddah. He has working knowledge of seven languages including Arabic, English, French, German, Persian, Turkish and Urdu/Hindi, which supports his research of various historical periods and geographic regions. Sultan Ghalib is the author of The Holy Cities, The Pilgrimage and The World of Islam.
- Sultan Abdullah bin Omer Al Quaiti ruled 1882-1888
- Sultan Awadh I bin Omar Al Qu'aiti – Ruled 1902–1909
- Sultan Ghalib I bin Awadh Al Qu'aiti – Ruled 1909–1922
- Sultan Omar bin Awadh Al Qu'aiti – Ruled 1922–1936
- Sultan Sir Saleh bin Ghalib Al Qu'aiti KCMG - Ruled 1936-1956
- Sultan Awadh II bin Saleh al Qu'aiti – Ruled 1956–1966, married (a) Salma, married (b) Fatima, married (c) Princess Sahibzadi Nazirunissa Begum, granddaughter of the 6th Nizam Mahbub Ali Pasha, daughter of Nazir Nawaz Jung, son of Amir-e-Paigah (Viqar-ul-Umrah) Sultan-ul-Mulk and Princess Shahzadi Saheba Dawoodunisssa Begum, of and also married Amina, and had issue:
- Sultan Ghalib II bin Awadh al Qu'aiti (see above "Current Royal Family");
- Princess Saleha bint Awadh al Qu'aiti
- Prince Omar bin Awadh al Qu'aiti married and has issue: princesses Noor bint Omar Awadh Al Qu'aiti, Maha bint Omar Awadh Al Qu'aiti, Sara bint Omar Awadh Al Qu'aiti, Ghada bint Omar Awadh Al Qu'aiti, Leila bint Omar Awadh Al Qu'aiti and princes Hussain bin Omar Awadh Al Qu'aiti and Mohammed bin Omar Awadh Al Qu'aiti
- Official Website of the Al-Qu'aiti Royal Family
- Qu'aiti State flag
- Qu'aiti Genealogy and Flag
- History of the Holy Cities, The Pilgrimage and The World of Islam
Qu'aiti state postage stamps
Aden postage stamps depicting Sultan Saleh:
- "The Qu'aiti Sultanate of Hadhramaut". Retrieved September 27, 2009.
- History of the Holy Cities, The Pilgrimage and The World of Islam "The Holy Cities, The Pilgrimage and The World of Islam". Retrieved September 27, 2009.