|Quartiere of Milan|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
- 1 Name
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 History
- 4 Viability
- 5 Transports
- 6 Services
- 7 References in popular culture
- 8 Notable people
- 9 Footnotes
- 10 External links
The name Quarto Oggiaro derives from an older toponymy Quarto Uglerio: the word Quarto, meanining fourth, is clearly reference to the distance of four Roman miles from the center of Milan, while the second part of the name, Uglerio, but it is supposed to be the name of some influent inhabitant of the area in ancient times.
The transformation from Uglerio to Oggiaro can be found on the maps of 1872, but already present on some maps of the Spanish period.
Quarto Oggiaro borders to:
- to north, the municipality of Novate Milanese
- with the Zone 8 districts to the west Vialba and to the south Villapizzone
- to the east by the districts of Bovisasca and Comasina, the border between zone 8 and zone 9
The border with the municipality of Novate Milanese is a few hundred meters to the south of the Autostrada A4 (Italy) highway in the span between Svincolo Milano Certosa and Milano Cormano exit. Currently this area is a grassland.
The ferrovie nord railway Milan - Saronno along the section between Milano Bovisa-Politecnico railway station and Milano Quarto Oggiaro railway station divides the area from zone 9, while the border with Villapizzone is bordered by the stretch of the Turin-Milan railway between the station in Milano Certosa railway station and Milano Centrale railway station up to the junction with the ferrovie nord Milan - Saronno.
Quarto Oggiaro and Vialba
In today's breakdown of neighborhoods and statistics for the calculation of the population, it is believed the axis Via Eritrea - Via Lessona as the way of demarcation between Quarto Oggiaro and Vialba, in fact even numbers of these pathways belong to Quarto Oggiaro and numbers odd to the neighborhood Vialba. The original core of the Quarto Oggiaro lies along the axis of the Via Aldini now considered part of the neighborhood Vialba. Nothing prevents you refer to that part and up to the border with Villa Scheibler with its original name, Quarto Oggiaro.
Villa Scheibler, the ancient hunting lodge with its park, is also historically Vialba.
The relationship between the two districts is very strong: both extend from the bridge of Via Palizzi to the extreme north-western outskirts of Milan. The part of Vialba bordering Quarto Oggiaro had the same plan for the urban development of housing and is often considered as part of the Quarto Oggiaro.
The old villages became urban districts with continuous are only partially distinguishable, the division between areas is often absent and the virtual boundary between the older areas frequently becomes the center line of a street of large dimensions. In fact we try to keep names and historical areas in the new urban context. This division is maintained for administrative reasons and of distance between one area and another, although there are no, or only partially, intervals of separation.
Quarto Oggiaro old
Starting from 1700 Quarto Oggiaro, or Quarto Uglerio, was part of the municipality of Musocco and it was a group of houses and farms around the Villa Caimi-Finoli, a patrician villa connected to the larger Villa Scheibler and the Church of Saints Nazario and Celso built at the end of 1700. The development was around the current Via Aldini.
The municipality of Musocco, which Quarto Oggiaro was a fraction as well as the adjacent village of Vialba, remained independent until 1923, when it was included in Milan.
At the end of forty years developed a great migration from the South to the industrial centers of the North in search of work, uncultivated areas of Milan, like that of Quarto Oggiaro, became the place to meet the great increase in population of the city.
Quarto Oggiaro, as we see it today, was born in the fifties: in 1954 the first social houses were built, and thanks to the developments following in a short time, this area became one of the largest housing estates in Milan. The District has expanded through a series of lots of construction, especially in the sixties, becoming a great neighborhood dormitory, it took many years before the locals could enjoy basic services. The neighborhood has always been home to numerous immigrants, first from the southern regions, then non-EU.
The district with the urban model planned of only social housing, the problems associated with trying to integrate social and economic impact of its new inhabitants in the city, the management of the sale of drugs by some families with acts of violence, it did more sometimes jump to the headlines as the land of difficult living conditions, sometimes forgetting the immense efforts made by the people and associations for social and environmental sustainability of the district. The images of the houses and barracks of Via Pascarella, Via De Pisis were taken by the media as a symbol of urban and social development of Milan during the 50s and 60s.
Commercially, the area is developed at Via De Roberto with numerous shops, at Via Fratelli Antona Traversi with the Municipal Market and around the intersection Via Lessona - Via Amoretti.
Other than the fate of the southern part of the district, on the border with the district Villapizzone: the proximity to the national railway station and the Milano Certosa railway station made the area exploited by the industrial point of view. The company fuel Fina bought the area in 1926, making it in large storage depot for oil, transported by rail.
Lots of construction in the neighborhood
In the process of construction of the Quarto Oggiaro is possible to distinguish different lots of houses with one manufacturer and with a definite residential project. Each project has a name:
- Quartiere Gescal (Ex Ina House), the district of Via Longarone, one of the greatest examples of construction of social housing, in which you tried to create a small independent country on the model of English urbanism. This district is also called Vialba II
- Quartiere IACP "Quarto Oggiaro" - The houses of Via Amoretti, Capuana and Pascarella
- Quartiere Aldini I - The houses of Via Concilio Vaticano II
- Quartiere Aldini II - The houses of Via Graf and De Pisis
- Towers of Via Lessona - The towers of Via De Roberto
More than 50 years have passed since the birth of modern Quarto Oggiaro and generations of immigrants have become second-and third-generation immigrant or replaced by non-EU. The integration with the city now has taken place for years, the social and economic problems are the same of the city, in spite of this Quarto Oggiaro continues to have an identity of its own neighborhood, due to its peripheral location and closed by the fence rail and the initial development plan that has given birth.
The Associazione Quarto Oggiaro Vivibile, present since the early 80's, manages the lawn between the park of Villa Scheibler and today's Via Invernizio from part of the original Quarto Oggiaro; until the 70s the lawn housed a nomads camp. The green has been equipped with a playground, basketball courts, a football field and one for training. It is a popular meeting point and was an important signal for the revival of the district.
The social housing within the district have been restored, a pedestrian was created in 2008 in Via De Roberto at the church of Saint Lucia.
The Cabassi pit at the edge of the area, along the ferrovie nord railroad was closed in 1997 and the area rearranged became the Simoni park, with a surface area approximately 20,000 m2 (215,278 sq ft).
The remarkable work certainly refers to the southern part of the district in the area of the former refinery Fina and along the old Via Castellammare with its fields partially cultivated with vegetable garden and partly uncultivated.
The company EuroMilano, with the project entrusted to the British designer Diana Armstrong Bell, in the late 90s and early 2000s, has reclaimed an area of over 450,000 m2 (4,843,760 sq ft), creating a new fine residential district. The new district overlooking the Via Eritrea with 6 towers of 15 floors while the lower buildings are inside, in Via Perini, for a total of 1500 residences. Almost half of the area, 200,000 sqm, has become park named Verga, that from rails tracks of the National Railway reaches the houses, until you get to Via Chiasserini. The park is a real green space and the work as a whole is a symbol of modernity, integration with the environment as well as being a good travel card for the district.
Describe the viability of Quarto Oggiaro is very simple:
- Quarto Oggiaro is connected to the city center with the Bridge of Via Palizzi, rebuilt in the late 1990s, which crosses the Turin-Milan railway
- Via Eritrea, enlarged and rearranged with the EuroMilano project, and Via Lessona are the axis of the neighborhood in North-South direction
- Via Amoretti, with West-East direction, allowing access to Quartiere Bovisasca overtaking ferrovie nord railroad with a bridge
Quarto Oggiaro is located within these three major roads, with the exception of Via Longarone and Via Lessona from number 50 onwards, which are located to north of Via Amoretti.
The district is well connected to the city center, the neighboring districts and municipalities through the railway system with and the automotive sector.
The district is crossed its borders from the ferrovie nord railway and National railway.
The neighborhood has its own Milano Quarto Oggiaro railway station for ferrovie nord Railway located under the bridge of Via Amoretti at the zone 9 border. The entrance to the station for the district is in Via Simoni. There are two lines Trenord S known as Milan suburban railway service:
- Line 1 provides quick access to areas of the urban route of Milan Passante railway. The places reachable are those which along the stretch for Saronno to north and those for Lodi to south
- Line 3 get quickly to the city center in Piazzale Cadorna or externally to Saronno.
Milano Certosa railway station is the station for the national railways at the border with Quartiere Vialba, on the side of this. At this station stops:
- Line 5 with the direction of Milan Passante railway stations to Milan and Treviglio and Varese on the other side
- Line 6 with the direction of Milan Passante railway stations to Milan and Pioltello and Novara on the other side
Bus and tram
Along the Bridge of Via Palizzi pass all the ATM lines of the neighborhood:
- tram line 12 with direction center city, Viale Molise and on other side Roserio as terminus
- tram line 19 with direction Corso Sempione and Porta Genova and Roserio on the other side
The two tram lines do not enter in the district but only pass along the section of the bridge.
- bus line 40 with route Niguarda Parco Nord - Bonola M1: from the bridge of Via Palizzi travel into quartiere Vialba and return to Quarto Oggiaro in Via Amoretti leaving it when get over the bridge of ferrovie nord
- bus line 57 is the line that passes within the streets of the neighborhood and allows direct access to the city center. The terminus is in the peripheral area in Via Vatican Councilio II, while the terminus of the city center is Cairoli - Piazza Castello.
The district does not have metro services proximity.
The churches of the district belong to the deanery of Quarto Oggiaro:
- Saints Nazario (or Nazaro) and Celso church in Via Aldini, 33 built in 1780 (Quarto Oggiaro vecchia)
- Saint Lucia church, Via De Roberto, 20 built in 1961
- Resurrection (of Our Lord Jesus Christ) church, Via Longarone, 5
- Pentecost church, Via Graf, 29, is actually a prefabbricated in which the priest celebrated mass
- Nursery School, Via Graf, 7
- Nursery School, Via Capuana, 8
- School (private) Mary Help of Childhood, Via Aldini, 52 (Quarto Oggiaro vecchia)
- School (private) Childhood, Via Lessona, 70
The nursery school which was located in Via Aldini at the height of No. 10, corner of Via Fratelli Antona Traversi, was demolished in the late 90's and replaced by Gian Luigi Bonelli garden.
- Via Graf, 70
- Via Trilussa, 10
- Via Graf, 74
Landmark as the middle school for the neighborhood is the Secondary of 1st degree G.B. Vico at Via Orsini, 25 in the adjacent district Vialba.
Some high schools are located in Vialba in Via Cittadini. The branch of the Istituto Frisi, which was in Via Aldini, 74, is now in the main office in Via Cittadini.
- Piscina Cantù, Via Graf, 8
- Centro Sportivo R. Zoppini, former Aldiniana Associazione Calcio, Via Graf, 4 ASD Sempione Half 1919 home
- Esselunga, Via Palizzi, 69, side Vialba
- Billa, Via Amoretti, 4 and 6
- Simply, Via Fratelli Antona Traversi, 18, corner Via De Roberto
- Unes, Via Trilussa, 26
- Mercato comunale, Via Fratelli Antona Traversi, 19, between Via Trilussa and Via De Roberto
The modern shopping center Esselunga built at the beginning of 2000, has become a reference point for the neighborhood and the neighboring countries as a place for living and socializing. Prior to 2000, Esselunga was in place of Billa in Via Amoretti. The location of Simply had previously been managed by Sma, and for a long time from the 60s up to 90 was occupied by upim.
- Biblioteca Quarto Oggiaro, Via Otranto corner Carbonia, 7, Vialba
It is a new library opened in 2003, a two floors white building that housed the old public showers of low-income houses built after the war. It replaced the old small library of Via Valtrompia 45/A, always Vialba.
- Post office: Via Ungaretti, 12
- Carabinieri: Commissariato Quarto Oggiaro, Via Satta, 6
- Hospitals: Ospedale Luigi Sacco, Via Grassi, Vialba
References in popular culture
Quarto Oggiaro has been used as a setting for several movies, including A due calci dal paradiso (2006) and Fame chimica (2003).
Notable people who lived in Quarto Oggiaro include:
- Tito Stagno, journalist (he is mostly known for reporting on state television the moon landing of Apollo 11);
- Davide De Marinis, singer-songwriter;
- Michele Didoni, race walker;
- Cristina Scabbia, singer of the Lacuna Coil rock band;
- Sandro Lopopolo, boxer;
- Alessandro Vacca, rapper;
- Gianni Biondillo, writer;
- Omar Conti, karateka;
- Gianni Barbacetto, journalist and writer;