Quartu Sant'Elena

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Quartu Sant'Elena
Cuartu Sant'Aleni
Comune
Comune di Quartu Sant'Elena
Saint Helena Basilica
Saint Helena Basilica
Coat of arms of Quartu Sant'Elena
Coat of arms
Quartu Sant'Elena is located in Italy
Quartu Sant'Elena
Quartu Sant'Elena
Location of Quartu Sant'Elena in Italy
Coordinates: 39°14′N 09°11′E / 39.233°N 9.183°E / 39.233; 9.183
Country Italy
Region Sardinia
Province Cagliari (CA)
Frazioni Flumini di Quartu
Government
 • Mayor Mauro Contini
Area
 • Total 96.28 km2 (37.17 sq mi)
Elevation 6 m (20 ft)
Population (30 September 2012)[1]
 • Total 69,255
 • Density 720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Demonym Quartesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 09045, 09046
Dialing code 070
Patron saint St. Helena
Saint day 14 September
Website Official website

Quartu Sant'Elena (Sardinian: Cuartu Sant'Aleni), located four miles East from Cagliari on the ancient Roman road, is a city and comune in the Province of Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy. It is the third biggest city of Sardinia with a population of 69,225 as of 2012.

History[edit]

The city's name comes from its distance to Cagliari (Quartum miles, Latin for “four miles”), and from the passage there of St. Helena, mother of emperor Constantine.

The first traces of human presence in Quartu are from the Phoenician period, as attested by findings in Cepola, Geremeas, Is Mortorius and Separassiu localities. Roman findings were found near Sant’Andrea villa, a graveyard at S. Martino and a few tombs at Simbirizzi.

In the 4th century AD Sardinia was divided into four Giudicati: Quartu, which included fourteen villas, belonged to the Giudicato of Cagliari. In 1066 Quartu was given to Cagliari’s archbishop and then went back to Judge Torchitorio II of Cagliari. During the Aragonese rule, Quartu suffered from famines, plague, malaria and continuous raids from Saracen pirates, following the general path of decay of the whole of Sardinia.

In 1793 the soldiers of a French fleet landed on the coast of Quartu, with the intention of conquering the whole island; the people of the city, led by Antonio Pisanu, assailed the French and repelled them after a bloody battle.

Feudalism ended in 1836 under the baron Pes di Villamarina. In 1956 Quartu Sant’Elena was upgraded to the status of “city” by the President of Italy Giovanni Gronchi.

Main sights[edit]

There are five churches situated in the city. The most important are the churches of Sant'Elena Imperatrice (dating before 1589, but now in neoclassical style and recently proclaimed "Basilica"), Santa Maria Cepola (before 1089) and Sant'Agata.

There is also Sa dom’e farra, a large peasant house of the 17th century with various rooms, objects and tools used by the peasant society.

There are numerous nuraghi in the vicinity.

Geography[edit]

Quartu has a long, shallow coastline. It also looks onto the pond of Molentargius, where flamingos and Sultan roosters nest.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Quartu Sant'Elena
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 14
(57)
15
(59)
17
(63)
19
(66)
24
(75)
28
(82)
31
(88)
32
(90)
28
(82)
24
(75)
19
(66)
15
(59)
22.2
(71.8)
Average low °C (°F) 6
(43)
6
(43)
8
(46)
9
(48)
13
(55)
17
(63)
20
(68)
20
(68)
18
(64)
15
(59)
10
(50)
7
(45)
12.4
(54.3)
Source: weather.sg.msn.com

Economy[edit]

The economy is based on the tertiary industry. Quartu also produces excellent wines, bread and cakes. Although the city is not extremely big, there are many shopping opportunities: Carrefour, E. Leclerc-Conad, Iper Pan.

Festivities[edit]

Traditional dresses
18th-century defence tower along the coast of Cala Regina

The most important religious festivity is dedicated to Saint Helena and is celebrated on 14 September.

Sport[edit]

Quartu Sant'Elena has a 16,500-capacity football stadium, the Stadio Is Arenas. Since 2012, it has hosted Serie A club Cagliari Calcio, whose Stadio Sant'Elia was closed that year.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]