Quebec North Shore and Labrador Railway
|Quebec North Shore and Labrador Railway|
|Locale||Labrador / Quebec|
|Dates of operation||1954–present|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
Wacouna and Northernland Subdivisions
The Quebec North Shore and Labrador Railway (reporting mark QNSX) is a private Canadian regional railway that stretches 414 kilometres (257 mi) through the wilderness of northeastern Quebec and western Labrador. It connects Labrador City, Labrador, with the port of Sept-Îles, Quebec, on the north shore of the St. Lawrence River. QNSX is owned by Rail Enterprises Incorporated, an agent and unit of Iron Ore Company of Canada (IOC), and is no longer a common carrier.
Built between 1951 and 1954, the QNSX originally connected the port of Sept-Îles, Quebec on the north shore of the St. Lawrence River with the northern terminus at IOC's mining community of Schefferville, Quebec, a distance of 359 miles (578 km). In 1958, the Wabush ore body near Labrador City was opened by both IOC and the Wabush Mining Company. QNSX built a 36-mile (58 km) line to serve these mines, running west from the Sept-Îles, Quebec-Schefferville, Quebec, main line at Emeril Junction, Labrador, to Carole Lake, Labrador, near Wabush, Labrador. Service on this branch began in 1960.
At the same time, Wabush Mining Company built the relatively short Wabush Lake Railway from its mines at Labrador City to the QNSX connection at Wabush. QNSX hauls its own traffic from Carol Lake to IOC port facilities at Sept-Îles, Quebec. QNSX also hauls Wabush Lake Railway traffic from the interchange at Wabush to Arnaud Jct., Quebec, near Sept-Îles, where it interchanges to the Arnaud Railway, which then completes the journey around Sept-Îles Harbour to Wabush Mining Co. port facilities at Point Noire, Quebec.
In the 1980s, economic conditions favoured the closing of the Schefferville mining operations in favour of iron ore deposits located further to the south near Wabush and most residents relocated to Labrador City. QNSX maintained subsidized passenger and freight service for local First Nations communities along this portion of its system, known as the Menihek Subdivision, until December 1, 2005, when it sold the Emeril Junction, Labrador-Schefferville, Quebec, rail line to Tshiuetin Rail Transportation for the sum of 1$ CAD. QNSX still provides freight services however, transporting employee automobiles, various bulk mine materials, large equipment, and everyday supplies for Labrador City and the various maintenance of way camps.
Currently, this railway, along with the Tshiuetin Rail Transportation line, Arnaud Railway, Wabush Lake Railway, and Bloom Lake Railway, forms an isolated railroad network, as it does not interchange with any other rail lines on the North American network.
At some unknown time after 1997, the QSN&L was permitted by Transport Canada to employ only one individual engineer on its routes. A safety incident occurred, causing Transport Canada to issue 12 guideline regulations. As of August 20, 2013 the QNS&L is the only remaining freight railway in Canada to have used Single Person Train Operation (SPTO).[nb 1]
In 2010, Consolidated Thompson Iron Mines opened the Bloom Lake Mine, just west of Labrador City, Newfoundland. As part of this new operation, Genessee & Wyoming was contracted to operate the Bloom Lake Railway to transport iron ore from the mine to a connection with the Wabush Lake Railway. The Wabush Lake Railway began acting as a middle man, taking the Bloom Lake Railway trains, and transporting them to Wabush Junction for the Quebec North Shore and Labrador Railway (QNS&L) to transport to the Chemin de fer Arnaud just as they would Wabush trains. The Arnaud then takes the trains to the Consolidated Thompson's dock at Pointe-Noire, Quebec.
In popular culture
The construction of the QNSX forms the backdrop for English author Hammond Innes, 1958 adventure novel about Labrador, The Land God gave to Cain. Innes spent a period of time with the crews building the railway during his research.
In the early 1970s, a Country-Western band from Newfoundland called The Newfoundland Showband recorded a song about the railway, sung to the tune of "Wabash Cannonball".
QNSX currently rosters seven types of locomotives. Most of these engines have many extra features and modifications, such as windshield fluid.
|C40-8M||GE||401-403||1994||Sold to the Andersons (AEX)|
|SD70ACe||EMD||501-523||2009, 2011, 2012|
|Yard slug||9511-9512||1995||No longer used|
QNS&L uses the SD40-3s mainly on mixed freight and work trains. The C40-8Ms often serve in mid-train position on 240 car trains. The newer C44-9Ws, AC4400CWs, and SD70ACes will handle the unit iron ore trains.
- The one other Single Person Train Operation freight carrier, Montreal, Maine and Atlantic Railway, was shut down by Canadian authorities in 2013.
- Trains Magazine February 2012 p16
- Trains (Magazine) February 2009 p9
- Map of the QNS&L and Tshiuetin Rail Transportation lines PDF file
- Fact Sheet detailing the transaction PDF file
- Rail Lines of Northern Québec
- Rail Lines of Labrador
- "The Iron Road To Labrador." Popular Mechanics, February 1954, pp. 118–124.