Quebec general election, 1994

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Quebec general election, 1994
Quebec
1989 ←
members
September 12, 1994
→ 1998
members

125 seats in the 35th National Assembly of Quebec
63 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout 81.58%
  First party Second party Third party
  Jacques Parizeau2.jpg Daniel Johnson, Jr. at the PLQ Leadership Convention, March 16, 2013 CROPPED.jpg MarioDumont.JPG
Leader Jacques Parizeau Daniel Johnson, Jr. Mario Dumont
Party Parti Québécois Liberal Action démocratique
Leader since March 18, 1988 December 14, 1993 1994
Leader's seat L'Assomption Vaudreuil Rivière-du-Loup
Last election 29 seats, 40.16% 92 seats, 49.95% pre-creation
Seats won 77 47 1
Seat change +48 -45 +1
Popular vote 1,751,442 1,737,698 252,721
Percentage 44.75% 44.40% 6.46%
Swing +4.59% -5.55% +6.46%

Quebec1994.png

Map of Quebec's ridings coloured in to indicate ridings won by each party and their popular vote.

Premier before election

Daniel Johnson, Jr.
Liberal

Elected Premier

Jacques Parizeau
Parti Québécois

PQ majority.PNG

The Quebec general election of 1994 was held on September 12, 1994, to elect members of the National Assembly of Quebec, Canada. The Parti Québécois, led by Jacques Parizeau, defeated the incumbent Quebec Liberal Party, led by Daniel Johnson, Jr..

Johnson had succeeded Robert Bourassa as Liberal leader and Premier. Both his father, Daniel Sr., and brother, Pierre-Marc, had previously served as premiers of Quebec as leaders of different parties.

This election was very significant for Quebec history, because it set the stage for the 1995 Quebec referendum on independence for Quebec from Canada. In this referendum, the PQ's proposals for sovereignty were very narrowly defeated.

Mario Dumont, a former president of the Liberal party's youth wing, and then leader of the newly formed Action démocratique du Québec, won his own seat, but his party did not elect any other members.

In Saint-Jean there was a tie between incumbent Liberal candidate Michel Charbonneau and PQ candidate Roger Paquin. A new election was held on October 24 and was won by Paquin by a margin of 532 votes.[1]

Results[edit]

The overall results were:[2]

Party Party leader Candi-
dates
Seats Popular vote
1989 Elected % Change # % % Change
     Parti Québécois Jacques Parizeau 125 29 77 +165.5% 1,751,442 44.75% +4.59%
Liberal Daniel Johnson, Jr. 125 92 47 -48.9% 1,737,698 44.40% -5.55%
Action démocratique Mario Dumont 80 * 1 * 252,721 6.46% *
New Democratic Jean-François Sirois 41 - - - 33,269 0.85% -0.37%
     Natural Law Allen Faguy 102 * - * 33,206 0.85% *
Equality1 Keith Henderson 17 4 - -100.0% 11,526 0.29% -4.39%
     Sovereignty   19 * - * 5,566 0.14% *
Green   11 * - * 5,499 0.14% -1.85%
Lemon   10 * - * 4,087 0.10% -0.12%
CANADA! Tony Kondaks 10 * - * 2,567 0.07% *
     Republic of Canada   18 - - - 2,258 0.06% +0.01%
     Development   11 * - * 1,876 0.05% *
     Innovator   11 * - * 1,861 0.05% *
     Economic   9 * - * 1,759 0.04% *
Marxist–Leninist   13 - - - 1,171 0.03% -0.09%
Communist   10 - - - 1,062 0.03% +0.01%
     Independent/no designation 68 - - - 66,221 1.69% +0.81%
Total 680 125 125 - 3,913,789 100%  
Note:
* Party did not nominate candidates in the previous election.
1 Equality Party results are compared to the combined totals of the Equality Party and the Unity Party in the 1989 election.
Party Seats Second Third Fourth
     Parti Québécois 77 47 1 0
Liberal 47 76 2 0
     Action démocratique 1 0 77 2

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Quebec votes 2003 - Riding Profiles: Saint-Jean". CBC News. 
  2. ^ "Résultats officiels par parti politique pour l'ensemble des circonscriptions". Directeur général des élections du Québec. Retrieved 2012-01-31.