Queens Quay (Toronto)

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Queens Quay Street Sign.jpg

Queens Quay
Looking west down Queens Quay, west of Lower Simcoe.
Major junctions
East end: Stadium Road
West end: Parliament St
Location
Major cities: Toronto
Nearby arterial roads
← Lake Ontario Queens Quay Lake Shore Boulevard →

Queens Quay is a prominent street in the Harbourfront neighbourhood of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.[1] The street was originally commercial in nature due to the many working piers along the waterfront; parts of it have been extensively rebuilt in since the 1970s with parks, condominiums, retail, and institutional and cultural development.

History[edit]

The road supplanted both Front Street and Lake Shore Boulevard as the most southerly east-west corridor in the city when it was created on reclaimed land in the inner harbour. Sometime after 1919 to the early 1920s the inner harbour was filled in and new slips were created.

Queens Quay in 1910

Queens Quay continues to go through a significant transformation. Originally, it served as an access road for the various ports and slips in the inner harbour. The street between Yonge Street and Parliament Street was home to storage buildings devoted to trade on the Saint Lawrence Seaway, major industries such as the Redpath Sugar Refinery and Victory Mills, as well as small commercial enterprises.[2] However, the mainly industrial uses along Queens Quay were slowly replaced by commercial and residential uses, mainly high-rise condominiums. Between 1975 and 1979, a cluster of large, concrete towers were erected at the foot of Bay Street, south of Queens Quay; these included the Westin Harbour Castle and Harbour Square. In 1990, the 40-storey York Quay towers were built and remain the tallest buildings on Queens Quay.[3] The scale and density of these and subsequent high-rise development along Queens Quay were criticized for blocking the lake and failing to provide a welcoming realm for visitors. In 1999, the Toronto Transit Commission opened a dedicated streetcar right-of-way in the median from Bay Street to Bathurst Street.

In 2001, the city planners set out to improve Queens Quay by reclaiming public space for pedestrians and cyclists. This resulted in the Waterfront Toronto Central Waterfront Public Realm International Design Competition, which was completed in 2006. In August 2006, the city closed the two eastbound lanes, replacing them with bike lanes as part of the Martin Goodman Trail and additional pedestrian space. The experiment resulted in an improved public realm and more visitors to the overall waterfront area.[4]

In 2009, Waterfront Toronto announced its plans to turn Queens Quay into a grand lakefront boulevard by placing streetcar lanes in the centre, traffic only on the north side and a pedestrian-focused space on the south side.[5] The plan will restrict Queen's Quay to two traffic lanes, on the north side of the streetcar tracks, similar to the design of the 2006 experiment. Additionally, the plan calls for the beautification and extension of the Harbourfront streetcar line along Queen's Quay East between Yonge and Cherry Street. The transit right-of-way will be grass-covered.[6][7]

In 2013 two open spaces opens, Ontario Square and Canada Square. The former is an open public space and the latter a green area. Both replace the former parking lot, which is now underground.[8]

Transportation[edit]

Queens Quay is served by two streetcar lines, operating on a dedicated right-of-way. The 509 Harbourfront and 510 Spadina both terminate at Union Station and run along Queens Quay from Bay Street, westward. At Spadina Avenue, the 510 heads north to Spadina Station, and the 509 continues west, bound for the Exhibition Loop.[9][10]

Originally there was to have been an underground station in front of the Westin Harbour Castle Hotel and the Toronto Island Ferry Docks,[11] with underground access to the hotel. This plan was cancelled when the hotel management became unwilling to share in the cost, and a smaller station was built around the corner under Bay Street.

Plans to add a Queens Quay East light rail line are the subject of a class environmental assessment.[12] Various bus routes currently serve portions of the eastern portion of Queens Quay: the 6 Bay operates from Bay Street to Jarvis Street, the 75 Sherbourne operates from Jarvis Street to Sherbourne Street, and the 97 Yonge and 320 Yonge Blue Night buses operate from Bay Street to Yonge Street.

Landmarks[edit]

Landmark Cross street Notes Image
Little Norway Park Bathurst Little Norway Park.jpg
Canada Malting Silos Bathurst Abandoned storage silos Canada Malting Silos.JPG
Toronto Music Garden Spadina Toronto - ON - Toronto Music Garden.jpg
Walter Carsen Centre Spadina headquarters of the National Ballet of Canada Walter Carson Centre.JPG
Empire Sandy Spadina Empire Sandy.jpg
HTO Park Spadina Hto Park Urban Beach 2.jpg
Toronto Waterfront WaveDecks Spadina, Rees, Lower Simcoe SimcoeWavedeck2.jpg
Harbourfront Centre Lower Simcoe a cultural centre built by the federal government as part of the Harbourfront Park development Harbourfront-Centre.jpg
Queen's Quay Terminal York a cold storage warehouse facility turned into condos TorontoWaterFront10.jpg
Queens Quay Station Bay Underground LRT station Queens Quay TTC on east side.JPG
Westin Harbour Castle Hotel Bay Harbour Castle Westin.JPG
World Trade Centre Yonge WTC Toronto.JPG
Captain John's Harbour Boat Restaurant Yonge Restaurant on a permanently docked boat CaptainJohnsSeafood2.jpg
One Yonge Street Yonge Toronto Star headquarters One Yonge Street.jpg
Redpath Sugar Refinery Jarvis Last active industrial site along the quay RedpathSugarRefinery.jpg
The Guvernment Jarvis night club The Guvernment.jpg
Sugar Beach Jarvis SugarBeach P1050763.JPG
Corus Quay Jarvis Home of Corus Entertainment and first major development in the East Bayfront District Corus Quay under construction.JPG
Victory Soya Mills Silos Parliament Abandoned industrial silos Victory Silos.JPG

Quays/Slips along Queens Quay[edit]

Listed from west to east

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jack Lakey (2014-01-23). "Streetcar rails test patience of Queens Quay pedestrians: The Fixer". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 2014-01-23. Those who know it only as the location of the island ferry docks or Sugar Beach might be surprised to learn that it was lined with warehouses until someone figured out it was some of Toronto’s best real estate. 
  2. ^ Filey, Mike (13 March 2010). "History on the waterfront". Toronto Sun. Retrieved 8 February 2011. 
  3. ^ Development
  4. ^ Experiment
  5. ^ "City Council approves plan to transform Queens Quay." Canada NewsWire. Oct 1, 2009.
  6. ^ Master Plan
  7. ^ John Spears (September 11, 2009). "Slow start for a new Queens Quay". The Star (Toronto). Retrieved February 7, 2011. 
  8. ^ The Star (Toronto) http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2013/06/21/new_on_torontos_waterfront_ontario_square_canada_square.html |url= missing title (help). 
  9. ^ James Bow. "Route 509 - The New Harbourfront Streetcar." Transit Toronto. July 26, 2009
  10. ^ James Bow. "Route 510 - The Spadina Streetcar." Transit Toronto. November 10, 2006
  11. ^ Peter Howell (1990-03-12). "TTC fighting on two fronts Province, Toronto give it rough ride". Toronto Star. p. A.15. Retrieved 2012-03-13. The constant bickering between the TTC and Toronto over serving the ferry dock led to the recent decision by the owners of the Harbour Castle Westin to withdraw their $2.5 million share of the $4 million cost. The TTC now plans to build a smaller stop on the north side of Queens Quay, which means thousands of people will have to cross the busy street to take the ferries. 
  12. ^ www.ene.gov.on.ca

External links[edit]

Media related to Queens Quay, Toronto at Wikimedia Commons