Queen Anne's County, Maryland

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Queen Anne's County, Maryland
1Queen Anne's Co. courthouse.jpg
Queen Anne's County Courthouse
Seal of Queen Anne's County, Maryland
Seal
Map of Maryland highlighting Queen Anne's County
Location in the state of Maryland
Map of the United States highlighting Maryland
Maryland's location in the U.S.
Founded 1706
Named for Queen Anne
Seat Centreville
Largest town Centreville
Area
 • Total 509.79 sq mi (1,320 km2)
 • Land 372.21 sq mi (964 km2)
 • Water 137.58 sq mi (356 km2), 26.99%
Population
 • (2010) 47,798
 • Density 128/sq mi (49.5/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.qac.org

Queen Anne's County is a county located on the Eastern Shore of the U.S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 47,798.[1] Its county seat and most populous municipality is Centreville.[2] The census-designated place of Stevensville is the county's most populous place. The county is named for Queen Anne of Great Britain who reigned when the county was established in 1706.

Queen Anne's County is part of the Baltimore-Washington metropolitan area. The Chesapeake Bay Bridge connects Queen Anne's of the Eastern Shore to Anne Arundel County on the Western Shore.

History[edit]

Queen Anne's County has two hundred sixty-five miles of waterfront area, much of that being the shores of Kent Island, which stands out from the eastern shore of the Chesapeake Bay. From the waters of this county, watermen have brought oysters, crabs, and terrapin. Migrating waterfowl overwinter here, and hunting for geese and ducks has been an important part of the county's history. The first settlement in Maryland was on Kent Island in August 21, 1631, and included twenty-five settlers in a manor house, a fort, and other buildings. The settlement was referred to as Winston's Island. The first houses were built similar to log cabins. Although the county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places,[3] the original settlement no longer exists. One of the oldest towns still existing is Stevensville, earlier known as Broad Creek.

In 1650, Kent Island had the first recorded fox hunt in America. Queen Anne's County was organized under a sheriff in 1706, bounded by Talbot, Kent, and Dorchester Counties. In 1713, Queen Anne's County became an English postal district where the sheriff was the postmaster and would travel to Annapolis by boat to obtain mail. In 1773 a part of Queen Anne's County, together with a portion of Dorchester County, was taken to form Caroline County. The county now is enclosed by Talbot, Caroline, and Kent County as well as the Chesapeake Bay.

By the time of Independence, the county had several churches, a government, school, and a postal system.

In 1876, Queen Anne's County had the first printed independent paper called the Maryland Citizen, and a bank, located in Centreville; the Centreville National Bank exists to this day. When the Railroad Company was finished in 1868 it operated from Baltimore around the top of the Chesapeake Bay down to Queenstown, and connected with other railroads that continued east into[4] Delaware as far as Rehoboth, and southward to the Eastern Shore of Virginia.

In the 20th century, Queen Anne's County was the home of baseball Hall of Famer Jimmie Foxx. There is a statue and small park in Sudlersville, where Foxx grew up.

Law and government[edit]

Queen Anne's County was granted home rule in 1990 under a state code.

Queen Anne's County has a Commission form of government. The Commission consists of five elected Commissioners who are elected at large by the general population and each must reside in the district they represent: one of the four Commission districts. The fifth commissioner serves as President the first year. County Code allows for rotation of the President position thereafter.[5]

The Current Board of Commissioners was elected in the 2010 election, and serve a four-year term.

The Commission is elected every four years. The current form of five Commissioners elected at large started in 2002.
Prior to the 2002 election Queen Anne's County was run by three Commissioners.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 509.79 square miles (1,320.4 km2), of which 372.21 square miles (964.0 km2) (or 73.01%) is land and 137.58 square miles (356.3 km2) (or 26.99%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 15,463
1800 14,857 −3.9%
1810 16,648 12.1%
1820 14,952 −10.2%
1830 14,397 −3.7%
1840 12,633 −12.3%
1850 14,484 14.7%
1860 15,961 10.2%
1870 16,171 1.3%
1880 19,257 19.1%
1890 18,461 −4.1%
1900 18,364 −0.5%
1910 16,839 −8.3%
1920 16,001 −5.0%
1930 14,571 −8.9%
1940 14,476 −0.7%
1950 14,579 0.7%
1960 16,569 13.6%
1970 18,422 11.2%
1980 25,508 38.5%
1990 33,953 33.1%
2000 40,563 19.5%
2010 47,798 17.8%
Est. 2012 48,595 1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[8]

2010[edit]

Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

2000[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 40,563 people, 15,315 households, and 11,547 families residing in the county. The population density was 109 people per square mile (42/km²). There were 16,674 housing units at an average density of 45 per square mile (17/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.05% White, 8.78% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 1.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.9% were of German, 15.1% American, 14.6% English, 14.2% Irish and 5.3% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 15,315 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.20% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.60% were non-families. 19.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 30.10% from 25 to 44, 25.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $57,037, and the median income for a family was $63,713. Males had a median income of $44,644 versus $30,144 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,364. About 4.40% of families and 6.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.20% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

  • Kent Island High School
  • Queen Anne's County High School
  • Centreville Middle School
  • Matapeake Middle School
  • Stevensville Middle School
  • Sudlersville Middle School
  • Bayside Elementary School
  • Centreville Elementary School
  • Church Hill Elementary School
  • Grasonville Elementary School
  • Kennard Elementary School
  • Kent Island Elementary School
  • Matapeake Elementary School
  • Sudlersville Elementary School
  • Gunston Day School
  • Wye River Upper School

Colleges and Universities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

This county contains the following incorporated municipalities:

All are classified as towns under Maryland law.

Unincorporated areas are also considered as towns by many people and listed in many collections of towns, but they lack local government. Various organizations, such as the United States Census Bureau, the United States Postal Service, and local chambers of commerce, define the communities they wish to recognize differently, and since they are not incorporated, their boundaries have no official status outside the organizations in question. The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:

Other unincorporated places not listed as CDPs are:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 24, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  4. ^ Clark, Charles B. (1950). The Eastern Shore of Maryland and Virginia. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., Inc. pp. 1053–1070. 
  5. ^ http://www.qac.org
  6. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 24, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 24, 2013. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°02′N 76°05′W / 39.03°N 76.08°W / 39.03; -76.08