Queen Carnival

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The first provincial Queen Carnival in New Zealand was organised by William Lints and held either in Whanganui in 1914 or New Plymouth at an earlier date. These were not annual events, but events held in various locations throughout a year for fund raising.

William Lints[edit]

William Lints (aka William Lintz[1]) was born in Aberdeen, Scotland in 14 December 1881. His parents were William and Helen Lints. The family first moved to Australia in 1882 and where Lints was educated. In July 1893 the family emigrated to New Zealand and settled in Wanganui. Lints became a hairdresser and married Mabel Daisy Armstrong, the daughter of William and Sarah Armstrong, in 1902. In 1903 he became manager of the Central Hairdressing Saloon in New Plymouth. Lints established his own business, the Antiseptic Hairdressing Saloon in Devon Street East, New Plymouth. He was also a sportsman; instructing and doing gymnastics; playing hockey and water polo; swimming; and skating.[2] As early as 1903, in Whanganui, he became involved in organising activities for the civic organisations he belonged to.[3]

After creating the Queen Carnival concept, which he ran along with a revue called "Fete of nations" in 1914, Lints went on to direct large patriotic musical extravaganzas from 1916 to at least 1941.[4] These included the "Battle of Bullion Hill" in 1916, the "Silver Bullet Cannoncade" in 1917, the revue called variously "Reveille", "Our Reveille", and "Reveille 1924" which ran from 1917 to the 1930s, and a 1941 revue called "Britannia". These revues were performed throughout New Zealand using Lints own company supplemented by local performers from a variety of disciplines including ballet, opera, bands, and theatre.

Lints died in Wanganui at 91 years of age on 9 September 1973. His wife died in 1946 aged 62. She was born in 1883 in New Zealand.

Origin and purpose[edit]

Initially the Queen Carnivals were organised by William Lints of New Plymouth to raise funds for a variety of purposes, and during World War I particularly funds for the wounded soldiers returning home.[5] During the inter war period Queen Carnivals were held to raise fund for worthy community causes. Often funding sporting facilities or community buildings and services. The carnivals included elements of talent shows, fancy dress, sport and the sale of local produce, with a focus on electing a queen of the carnival. Votes were cast for each candidate and the winner was pronounced queen in a coronation ceremony at the end of the carnival.[6]

Newspaper reports in 1914 indicated that they had been held in Whanganui and New Plymouth, with Fielding and Tauranga also considering holding them.[7] After the Auckland carnival criticism was laid at Lints over the cost of the event and the lack of money going to the events beneficiaries.[8] The lack of funds raised may have been Lints' initial inexperience as later events were reported as raising thousands of pounds.[9] Certainly Lints received payment for his efforts.

In February 1915 Lints was reported as going to Bathurst and Albury in Australia to organise similar events, but was still in Nelson in March and reported as organising another in Gisborne in April.[10][11] The Australian event occurred later that year. Queen Carnivals were held various towns and cities around the country.

Lints was advertising another carnival in Whanganui in October 1915 for commencement in December 1915.[12] He followed this with a similar event in Nelson in 1916.[13] The focus of these events had now become fund raising for returned soldiers.

It appears that even as early as 1915, individual towns and organisations were putting on their own Queen carnivals.[14] The Queen Carnival tradition has been carried to other countries, including Fiji and Malta.

A time line with various Queen Carnivals[edit]

Date Location Cou-
ntry
Details
11 March 1914 Virginia Lake, Whanganui NZ 12 candidates for queen, including a Maori lady.[15]
27 August 1915 Dunedin NZ
28 August 1915 Queensland AU Queen Carnivals associated with Queensland Patriotic Day; carnivals held in Brisbane,[16][17] Beaudesert,[18] Boonah,[19] Croydon[20] & Roma.[21]
2 October 1915 Balmain, New South Wales AU Queen Carnival. Miss Edith Butt crowned. Total £1,250 raised in aid of local hospital, Rozelle Band & Civil Ambulance.[22]
9 November 1915 Hobart, Tasmania AU Patriotic Queen Carnival. Miss Millie Jones, Queen of the Citizens crowned. Total £9,510.10 raised.[23]
4 December 1915 Gallipoli TR 9th Field Artillery Battery, 1st AIF, won by "Ranji Randolph"; £43 10s. 6d. raised for Tasmanian Wounded Soldiers' Fund.[24]
1916 Auckland NZ Queens wharf.
1916 Albany[25] AU
1917 Mepanga East[26] NZ
1919 Werribee[27] AU
c. 1919 Atherton[28] AU
1922 Woombye[29] AU
1922 Northcote[30] NZ
10 October 1924 Seaford, Victoria AU Fund-raiser for Seaford Football Club (Australian Rules), won by the Queen of Dancing Miss Lillian Edwards [31]
1925 Gisborne NZ Tepid pools [32]
1925 St Andrews Parish[33] AU
1926 Northland[34] NZ
1929 Birkenhead NZ Funds for the Fire Brigade.
1926 Ballarat[35] AU
1931 Waitua NZ Funds went to building local facilities, including a swimming pool [36]
1934 Ngaio Railway Settlement NZ Settle a debt of £1000 on the Church of England [37]
1935 Christchurch NZ Relief of Distress [38]
1940 Perth[39] AU
1941 Nelson[40] NZ
1941 Melbourne[41] AU
1944 Vogeltown NZ School hall [42]
1943 Melbourne AU Lord Mayors Allies Day Appeal [43]
1953 Oparure[44] NZ
1954 Bondi[45] AU
1955 Matapihi NZ Maori hostel & 1956 Matapihi Footbridge Appeal [46]
1957 Feilding NZ Civic Centre [47]
1958 Hastings[48] NZ
1965 Paeroa NZ College Gymnasium.[49]
1968 Taumarunui NZ Red Cross [50]
1970 Upper Hutt[51] NZ
1970 Vatukoula[52] FJ
1985 Northern Tasmania AU Football Association [53]
2008 Nadur Gozo Island [54] Malta
2008 Wauchope, New South Wales[55] AU

Popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matriarchs: a generation of New Zealand women talk to Judith Fyfe, Judith Fyfe, Penguin Books, 1990, ISBN 0140116699, 9780140116694
  2. ^ The Cyclopedia of New Zealand [Taranaki, Hawke's Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts], Hairdressers, Tobacconists, Etc, page 99
  3. ^ Friendly Societies Picnic and Sports, Wanganui Herald, Volume XXXVII, Issue 10837, 2 January 1903, Page 4
  4. ^ Advertisements, Evening Post, Volume CXXXI, Issue 108, 9 May 1941, Page 2
  5. ^ Book: Sites of Gender: Women, Men and Modernity in Southern Dunedin, 1890-1939.
  6. ^ A carnival queen, Colonist, Volume LVI, Issue 13519, 13 July 1914, Page 6
  7. ^ Poverty Bay Herald, Volume XLI, Issue 13380, 14 May 1914, Page 3
  8. ^ Patriotism and philanthropy, NZ Truth, 2 January 1915, Page 5
  9. ^ Patriotic Society, Evening Post, Volume XCIII, Issue 122, 23 May 1917, Page 10
  10. ^ Queen of Carnival, Colonist, Volume LVII, Issue 13600, 1 February 1915, Page 4
  11. ^ Advertisements, Poverty Bay Herald, Volume XLII, Issue 13655, 10 April 1915, Page 1
  12. ^ Advertisements, Wanganui Chronicle, Volume LX, Issue 20488, 30 October 1915, Page 7
  13. ^ News of the day, Colonist, Volume LVII, Issue 14148, 10 April 1916, Page 4
  14. ^ Thames Queen Carnival, Thames Star, Volume XLX, Issue 14956, 27 November 1915, Page 4
  15. ^ Wanganui Items, Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume XLVI, 11 March 1914, Page 7
  16. ^ "Carnival Queens (Photographs)". 1915. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  17. ^ "Carnival Queens (Crowning Ceremony)". 1915. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  18. ^ "Country Efforts, Beaudesert". 1915. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  19. ^ "Country Movements, Boonah". 1915. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  20. ^ "Croydon Patriotic Day". 1915. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  21. ^ "Country Efforts, Roma". 1915. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  22. ^ "Balmain Queen Carnival". 1915. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  23. ^ "(Tasmania) Queen Carnival". 1915. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  24. ^ "Queens in the Trenches". 1915. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  25. ^ "Report of Queen Carnival function". 1916. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  26. ^ "Queen Carnival Mepanga East". 1917. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  27. ^ "Queen Carnival Werribee". 1919. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  28. ^ "Queen Carnival in Atherton, ca.1919". Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  29. ^ "Queen Carnival Woombye". 1922. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  30. ^ "Northcote Queen Carnival". 1922. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  31. ^ "Queen Competition, Seaford". 1924. Retrieved 2 August 2012. 
  32. ^ "Queen Carnival Gisborne – tepid pools". 1925. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  33. ^ "St Andrews Queen Carnival". 1925. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  34. ^ "Queen Carnival Northland". 1926. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  35. ^ "Queen Carnival Ballarat". 1926. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  36. ^ "Queen carnival at Waiuta". 1935. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  37. ^ "Queen carnival". The New Zealand Railways Magazine, Volume 10, Issue 2 (1 May 1935). 1934. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  38. ^ "Queen Carnival Christchurch – Relief of Distress". 1935. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  39. ^ "Patriotic Queen Carnival.". 1940. Retrieved 29 November 2008. [dead link]
  40. ^ "Queen Carnival Nelson". 1941. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  41. ^ "Queen Carnival Melbourne". 1941. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  42. ^ "Queen Carnival Vogeltown – School hall". 1944. Archived from the original on 26 October 2009. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  43. ^ "Queen Carnival Melbourne – Lord Mayors Allies Day Appeal". 1943. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  44. ^ "Queen Carnival Oparure". 1953. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  45. ^ "Queen Carnival at Bondi". 1954. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  46. ^ "Queen Carnival Matapihi – Maori hostel & 1956 Matapihi Footbridge Appeal". 1955. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  47. ^ "Queen Carnival Feilding – Civic Centre". 1957. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  48. ^ "Queen Carnival Hastings". 1958. Retrieved 29 November 2008. [dead link]
  49. ^ "Queen Carnival Paeroa – College Gymnasium.". 1965. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  50. ^ "Queen Carnival Taumarunui – Red Cross". 1968. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  51. ^ "Queen Carnival Upper Hutt". 1970. Retrieved 29 November 2008. [dead link]
  52. ^ "Queen Carnival Vatukoula". 1970. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  53. ^ "Queen Carnival Northern Tasmania – Football Association". 1985. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  54. ^ "Queen Carnival Nadur Gozo Island, Malta". 2008. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  55. ^ "Carnival Queen says thank you". 2008. Retrieved 29 November 2008.