Queen Letizia of Spain

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"Leticia Ortiz" redirects here. For the character in the film "The Fast and the Furious", see Leticia "Letty" Ortiz.
This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Ortiz and the second or maternal family name is Rocasolano.
Letizia Ortiz
Letizia Ortiz (2014-09-05).jpg
Letizia in 2014
Queen consort of Spain
Tenure 19 June 2014 – present
Spouse Felipe VI of Spain (m. 2004)
Issue Leonor, Princess of Asturias
Infanta Sofía of Spain
Father Jesús José Ortiz Álvarez
Mother María Paloma Rocasolano Rodríguez
Born (1972-09-15) 15 September 1972 (age 42)
Oviedo, Asturias, Spain
Religion Roman Catholicism

Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano (Spanish pronunciation: [leˈtiθja]; born 15 September 1972) is the Queen of Spain as the wife of King Felipe VI, who ascended on 19 June 2014 on the abdication of his father Juan Carlos I.[1] Before her marriage to Felipe, Letizia was a journalist and news anchor.

Family[edit]

Letizia was born in Oviedo, Asturias to a middle-class family.[2] She is the eldest daughter of Jesús José Ortiz Álvarez, a journalist, and his first wife, María de la Paloma Rocasolano Rodríguez, a registered nurse and hospital union representative.[3] She has two younger sisters, Telma (b. 1973) and Érika (1975 - 2007), whose death was widely reported by press as due to an intentional prescription drug overdose.[4]

Her parents divorced in 1999 and her father remarried on 1 September 2000 in Madrid on 18 March 2004 to fellow journalist Ana Togores, born ca. 1955.[5]

Letizia's paternal grandparents were José Luis Ortiz Velasco (ca. 1923 – 2005), a commercial employee at Olivetti,[6] and María del Carmen "Menchu" Álvarez del Valle (born in ca. 1928), a radio broadcaster in Asturias for over 40 years. Her maternal grandparents are Francisco Julio Rocasolano Camacho (born in 1918), a mechanic and cab driver in Madrid for over 20 years,[7] through him she has distant Occitan origins,[8] and Enriqueta Rodríguez Figueredo (1919 – 2008), whose father was born in the Philippines to Spanish parents;[9] English-speaking newspapers have suggested that she is a descendant of an untitled family descended from medieval nobility who served as Constables of Castile.[10]

Education and career[edit]

Letizia attended La Gesta School in Oviedo, before her family moved to Madrid, where she attended high school at the Ramiro de Maeztu High School.[11] She completed a Bachelor's Degree and a Licentiate's Degree in Sciences of the Information, in the branch of Journalism, at the Complutense University of Madrid, as well as a Master's Degree in Audiovisual Journalism at the Institute for Studies in Audiovisual Journalism.[12]

During her studies, Letizia worked for the Asturian daily newspaper La Nueva España and later for the newspaper ABC and the news agency EFE.[11][12] After completing her studies, she spent some time in Guadalajara, Mexico, working at the newspaper Siglo XXI. After returning to Spain, she worked for the Spanish version of the economic channel Bloomberg before moving to the news network CNN+.[12]

In 2000, she moved to TVE, where she started working for the news channel 24 Horas. In 2002, she anchored the weekly news report programme Informe Semanal and later the daily morning news programme Telediario Matinal on TVE 1.[11][12] In August 2003, a few months before her engagement to Felipe, Letizia was promoted to anchor of the TVE daily evening news programme Telediario 2, the most viewed newscast in Spain.[13]

In 2000 Letizia reported from Washington, D.C. on the presidential elections. In September 2001 she broadcast live from Ground Zero following the 9/11 attacks in New York and in 2003 she filed reports from Iraq following the war.[14] In 2002 she sent several reports from Galicia in northern Spain following the ecological disaster when the oil tanker Prestige sank.[15]

First marriage[edit]

Letizia married Alonso Guerrero Pérez (born in 1962), a writer and a high-school literature teacher, on 7 August 1998, in a simple civil ceremony at Almendralejo, in Badajoz, after a 10-year courtship.[16] The marriage was dissolved by divorce in 1999.[17]

Second marriage and children[edit]

The Prince and Princess of Asturias at the wedding of the Crown Princess of Sweden in 2010

On 1 November 2003, to the surprise of many, the Royal Household announced Letizia's engagement to the Prince of Asturias.[12] Afterwards, she moved to live in a wing of Zarzuela Palace until the day of her wedding.[18] The Prince of Asturias had proposed to her with a 16-baguette diamond engagement ring with a white gold trim. She marked the occasion by giving him white gold and sapphire cufflinks and a classic book.[19]

The wedding took place on 22 May 2004 in the Cathedral Santa María la Real de la Almudena in Madrid.[20] It was the first royal wedding in this cathedral, which was consecrated by Pope John Paul II in 1993. It had been nearly a century since the capital celebrated a royal wedding, as the prince's parents married in Athens, and his sisters, Infanta Elena and Infanta Cristina, married in Sevilla and Barcelona respectively.

Letizia's bridal gown was designed by Spanish fashion designer Manuel Pertegaz, her bridal shoes by Pura López and the veil was a gift from Felipe to his bride which was made of off-white silk tulle and hand-embroidered with beautiful details.[21]

As Letizia's previous marriage involved only a civil ceremony, the Catholic Church does not consider it canonically valid and therefore did not require an annulment to proceed with a Catholic marriage to the Prince of Asturias.[22]

Letizia and Felipe have two daughters: Leonor, Princess of Asturias, born on 31 October 2005, and Infanta Sofía, born on 29 April 2007.[23][22]

Princess of Asturias[edit]

The Prince and Princess of Asturias visit the Paranal Observatory.

The Princess joined from the beginning the duties of her husband and travelled extensively through Spain representing her father-in-law. They also represented Spain in other countries: the Princess has travelled along with the Prince to Jordan, Mexico, Hungary, the Dominican Republic, Panama, the United States of America, Serbia, Brazil, Uruguay, Sweden, Denmark, Japan, China and Portugal. She also greeted, along with other members of the royal family, international dignitaries. Letizia also attended foreign royalty gatherings in Luxembourg and the Netherlands, for the silver wedding anniversary of the Grand Duke and Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, as well as the 40th birthday celebrations of the Prince of Orange.[24]

Her solo agenda was announced in 2006, shortly after the announcement of her second pregnancy. Letizia has performed a couple of audiences and her work will focus on social issues such as children rights, culture and education. In late 2007, her solo agenda started to grow in the quantity of events she performed by herself and Felipe's and Letizia's agendas became more distinct and separate.[25]

Letizia supports Spanish designers, from couturiers such as Felipe Varela and Lorenzo Caprile to Zara and Mango,[26] and continues to as Queen consort.

Queen consort[edit]

Letizia undertook her first solo engagement as Queen on 23 June 2014 at the inauguration of the El Greco and modern painting exhibition at the National Prado museum in Madrid.[27]

In their first overseas trip as monarchs, Felipe VI and Queen Letizia met Pope Francis on 30 June 2014, in the Apostolic Palace. They later met with Cardinal Secretary of State Pietro Parolin, accompanied by Mgsr. Antoine Camilleri, under-secretary for Relations with States. The visit followed one by King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofia on 28 April.[28]

Letizia and Felipe and the princesses still reside at the residence they have lived since 2004. It is stated that the Palace of Zarzuela will be a working place for only Felipe.[29]

Titles, honours, and arms[edit]

At the time of her marriage to Prince Felipe, Letizia was appointed to the Grand Cross of the Royal and Distinguished Order of Charles III as dame on 21 May 2004.[30] Since then, Letizia has received different appointments and decorations by foreign states and other Spanish honours.

On 19 June 2014, Letizia became Queen of Spain; as such, she holds the style of Majesty.[31] She is the first Spanish-born queen consort since Mercedes of Orléans, the first wife of Alfonso XII.[32] She is also the first commoner-born Spanish queen.[33]

Arms[edit]

Arms of Queen Letizia of Spain
Coat of Arms of Letizia Ortiz, Queen of Spain.svg
Notes
The coat of arms of Queen Letizia was adopted in 2014. It is based on the design used by her as Princess of Asturias and created by Asturian Academy of Heraldry and Genealogy (Academia Asturiana de Heráldica y Genealogía) in May 2004. The Queen's coat of arms has no official status. In Spain only the coats of arms of the King and the Princess of Asturias are official.[34][35]
Crest
The queen consort's crown (crown's arches differenced as consort)
Escutcheon
Impaled I, quarterly 1st Gules a castle Or, triple-embattled and voided gate and windows, with three towers each triple-turreted, of the field, masoned Sable and ajoure Azure (Castile); 2nd Argent a lion rampant Purpure crowned Or, langued and armed Gules (Leon); 3rd Or, four pallets Gules (Crown of Aragon) and 4th Gules a cross, saltire and orle of chains linked together Or, a centre point Vert Argent (Navarre); enté en point, with a pomegranate proper seeded Gules, supported, sculpted and leafed in two leaves Vert (Granada); inescutcheon Azure bordure Gules, three fleurs-de-lys Or (Bourbon-Anjou); II, quarterly 1st and 3rd Azure, an eight points star Or a bordure chequy Gules and Argent (Ortiz); 2nd and 3rd Or, a rose Gules barbed and seeded Vert (Rocasolano).[34][35]
Orders
The Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III ribbon.
Symbolism
Queen Letizia's personalized coat of arms impales her husband's shield to the dexter (viewer's left) with her family arms -1st and 4th quarters, the arms of her father Jesús Ortiz; 2nd and 3rd quarters, the arms of her maternal grandfather Francisco Rocasolano.[36][37]
Previous versions
Armas atribuidas a Letizia Ortiz como Princesa de Asturias.svg

From 2004 to 2014 The coat of arms used as princess was the whole differenced with a label of three points Azure (used as difference of the Spanish heir-apparent) and the crown as Spanish heir-apparent, it had four half-arches (with Crown's arches differenced as consort).[34][35]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Coronation of Prince Felipe to take place on June 18". El Pais. 
  2. ^ "Who is Princess Letizia? 5 things to know about Spain's future queen". today. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "Paloma Rocasolano, enlace sindical" (in Spanish). ES: Diario de Navarra. 
  4. ^ "Una muerte por ingestión de pastillas". El País (in Spanish) (impresa ed.) (ES). 9 February 2007. 
  5. ^ "Jesús Ortiz, el discreto consuegro del Rey publisher=Diario de Navarra" (in Spanish). ES. 
  6. ^ "Jesús Ortiz: 'Como abuelo me siento emocionado'". El Periódico (in Spanish). Aragón, ES. 
  7. ^ "Birth date of her maternal grandfather". El Mundo (in Spanish) (ES). 
  8. ^ "Ancestry of Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano". Wargs. 
  9. ^ "Birth date of her maternal grandmother". El Mundo (in Spanish). ES. 2008. 
  10. ^ "We're all princesses now: The rise of the middle-class monarchy". Daily Mail. 18 March 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c – El traslado de su familia a Madrid marcó la dirección de su vida[dead link]
  12. ^ a b c d e The Royal Household of His Majesty the King – Her Royal Highness the Princess of Asturias[dead link]
  13. ^ "Letizia, una reina que presentó el Telediario y enseñó a utilizar el Euro Leer más: Letizia, una reina que presentó el Telediario y enseñó a utilizar el Euro". Retrieved 8 October 2014. 
  14. ^ "Former journalist Letizia Ortiz becomes Spain's first commoner queen". Retrieved 8 October 2014. 
  15. ^ "Meet Letizia Ortiz: Spain's new 'middle-class Queen'". ctvnews. June 10, 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  16. ^ "Prefiere los pantalones a la falda". Diariode Navarra. 
  17. ^ "Meet Spain's Future Queen Letizia: 5 Things to Know About King Felipe's Stunning Wife". eonline.com. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  18. ^ "Boda Real – Palacio de la Zarzuela". El Mundo. 
  19. ^ "Crown jewels: The fabulous rings which sealed the love of Europe's royal couples". HELLO! magazine (UK). 
  20. ^ "Spaniards rejoice as crown prince weds". hellomagazine. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  21. ^ www.arabiaweddings.com
  22. ^ a b "Queen Letizia of Spain". hellomagazine. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  23. ^ "Five Things to Know About the Next Queen of Spain, Queen Letizia". people magazine. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  24. ^ "Flashback Friday: Willem-Alexander's 40th Birthday". orderofsplendor. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  25. ^ Maria G. Valdez (2 June 2014). "Who Will Be Next King, Queen Of Spain? 19 Things To Know About Prince Felipe, Princess Letizia Of Asturias". latintimes. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  26. ^ "Princess Letizia's Wardrobe". Princess Letizias Wardrobe. 
  27. ^ "Queen Letizia undertakes first solo engagement since coronation". hellomagazine. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  28. ^ "Comunicato della Sala Stampa: Udienza alle Loro Maestà il Re Felipe VI e la Regina Letizia di Spagna, 30.06.2014" (in Italian). Vatican City. 30 June 2014. 
  29. ^ "Prince Felipe and Princess Letizia of Spain: a closer look at the future king and queen's home". hellomagazine. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  30. ^ (Spanish) [1] BOE 04-05-22, Spanish Official Journal (Retrieved 31 October 2008)
  31. ^ "Casa de Su Majestad el Rey de España - Her Majesty the Queen Letizia". Casa de Su Majestad el Rey. 
  32. ^ "The Granddaughter Of A Taxi Driver Will Become Spain's Next Queen". businessinsider.com. 3 June 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  33. ^ Kolirin, Lianne (19 June 2014). "Spain welcomes new King Felipe VI as Letizia dazzles as first 'commoner' Queen". Express. Retrieved 20 June 2014. 
  34. ^ a b c "Así serán el nuevo escudo y el nuevo guión de Felipe VI". one magazine. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  35. ^ a b c "o escudo y nuevo guion para Felipe VI 11 jun 2014 Ya se está trabajando sobre el escudo y guion del próximo rey de España". Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  36. ^ (Spanish) Armas de Doña Letizia, Revista Internacional de Protocolo, ISSN 1135-9692, Number 33, 2004, pp. 64–65
  37. ^ (Spanish)Label’s position correction by RIAG, Registro Internacional de Armas Gentilicias. (Retrieved 17 June 2009)

External links[edit]

Queen Letizia of Spain
Born: 15 September 1972
Spanish royalty
Preceded by
Sophía of Greece and Denmark
Queen consort of Spain
19 June 2014 – present
Incumbent