Queen Mary's Peak

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Queen Mary's Peak
Tristan da Cunha
Tristan da Cunha ASTER.jpg
Satellite photo of Tristan da Cunha
Elevation 2,062 m (6,765 ft)
Prominence 2,062 m (6,765 ft)
Listing Ultra
Location
Queen Mary's Peak is located in Tristan da Cunha
Queen Mary's Peak
Queen Mary's Peak
Tristan da Cunha
Coordinates 37°06′40″S 12°17′18″W / 37.11111°S 12.28833°W / -37.11111; -12.28833Coordinates: 37°06′40″S 12°17′18″W / 37.11111°S 12.28833°W / -37.11111; -12.28833
Geology
Type Shield volcano
Age of rock 148 ± 8 ka [1]
Last eruption October 1961–March 1962
Climbing
First ascent About 1 January 1817[2]

Queen Mary's Peak is the summit of the island of Tristan da Cunha, in the South Atlantic Ocean. It has an elevation of 2,062 metres (6,765 ft) above sea level. It is named after Mary of Teck, the Queen consort of King George V. It is the highest point of the British overseas territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.

The mountain is the peak of the massive shield volcano which forms the island. A 300 m (1,000 ft) wide summit crater caps the peak, and it contains a heart-shaped crater lake. This lake is normally frozen during the winter, and the upper slopes of the volcano are covered in snow.

The only recorded historical eruption occurred in 1961 from a vent on the north shore of the island. The island community had to be evacuated.[3]

Queen Mary's Peak was used by sailors on the route from Europe to the Indian Ocean and beyond as a navigational aid. In the 17th century the East India Company instructed captains to sail via Tristan. In 2004, Ellen MacArthur sighted the Peak on her record-breaking circumnavigation of the world.

Climbing the peak[edit]

The first known attempt to climb the peak was in 1793 by the French naturalist Louis-Marie Aubert du Petit-Thouars, but this was without success. However from this expedition hundreds of plants were collected and catalogued. In January 1817 the first successful climb was made to the peak. Today, Queen Mary's Peak makes a wonderful but steep climb and can take 5 to 10 hours, depending on the capability of the walker. The walk and climb is allowed only when accompanied by a local guide.

Queen Mary's Peak is the brand name for Tristan da Cunha island knitwear, which is exported to New Zealand.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Other projects[edit]

Media related to Queen Mary's Peak at Wikimedia Commons