||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2010)|
Queen Sirikit in Russia, 2007
|Queen consort of Thailand|
|Tenure||28 April 1950 – present
64 years, 241 days
|Coronation||5 May 1950|
|Spouse||King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX)|
|Issue||Princess Ubolratana Rajakanya
Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn
Princess Chulabhorn Walailak
|House||House of Kitiyakara|
|Father||Nakkhatra Mangala, Prince of Chanthaburi|
12 August 1932 |
Sirikit (Thai: สิริกิติ์; Thai pronunciation: [sìrìkìt]; listen (help·info)), born Mom Rajawongse Sirikit Kitiyakara (Thai: สิริกิติ์ กิติยากร; RTGS: Sirikit Kitiyakon) on 12 August 1932, is the queen consort of Bhumibol Adulyadej, King (Rama IX) of Thailand. She met Bhumibol in Paris, where her father was the Thai ambassador. They married in 1950, shortly before Bhumibol's coronation. Sirikit was appointed Queen Regent in 1956. Sirikit produced one son and three daughters. As the consort of the king who is the world's longest-reigning head of state, she is also the world's longest-serving consort of a monarch. Sirikit suffered a stroke on 21 July 2012 and has since refrained from public appearances.
Sirikit was born on 12 August 1932, at the home of Lord Vongsanuprabhand, her maternal grandfather. She is the eldest daughter and the third child of Prince Nakkhatra Mangkala Kitiyakara, the son of Prince Kitiyakara Voralaksana, and Mom Luang Bua Snidvongs. Her name, which was given by King Prajadhipok, means 'the Greatness of Kitiyakara'.
She had three siblings; two elder brothers and a younger sister:
- Prof. Mom Rajawongse Galyanakit Kitiyakara, M.D. (20 September 1929 – 15 May 1987)
- Mom Rajawongse Adulyakit Kitiyakara (2 November 1930 – 5 May 2004)
- Mom Rajawongse Busba Kitiyakara (born 2 August 1934)
Sirikit was raised by her maternal grandparents for a year after her birth, as her father went to United States to work as the secretary of the Siamese Royal Embassy at Washington D.C. Her mother joined her husband three months later. When she was one year old, her parents returned to Thailand. Sirikit lived together with her family in Deves Palace, near Chao Phraya River, Bangkok.
|Thai Royal Family|
HM The King
At age 4, Sirikit attended the Kindergarten College at Rajini School (sometimes called the Queen’s College). She studied at the primary level. During that time the Pacific War was being fought; Bangkok was attacked many times, thus making travel unsafe. She then moved to Saint Francis Xavier Convent School, because it was near the palace. She studied there from her second year at the primary level to the secondary level.
In 1946, when the war ended, her father moved to the United Kingdom to work as the ambassador to the Court of St. James's, taking his family with him. At that time, Sirikit was 13 and had graduated to the secondary level. While staying in England she learned to play the piano and learned English and French. Because of her father's work as an ambassador, she and her family moved to various countries, including Denmark and France. While living in France, she studied at a music academy in Paris.
Also while in France, Sirikit met King Bhumibol Adulyadej, who is distantly related to her, both being descendants of King Chulalongkorn (Rama V.). At that time, Bhumibol had ascended to the throne and was studying in Switzerland. Both Bhumibol and Sirikit (as well as a few other students) were staying at the Thai Royal Embassy in Paris. Sirikit accompanied the king as he visited various tourist attractions. Both Bhumibol and Sirikit found much in common and thus began a relationship.
On 4 October 1948, while Bhumibol was driving a Fiat Topolino on the Geneva-Lausanne road, he collided into the rear of a braking truck 10 km outside of Lausanne. He hurt his back and incurred cuts on his face that cost him most of the sight in one eye. He subsequently wears an ocular prosthetic. While he was hospitalised in Lausanne, Sirikit visited him frequently. She met his mother, The Princess Mother Sangwan, who asked her to continue her studies nearby so that the king could get to know her better. Bhumibol selected a boarding school for her in Lausanne, Riante Rive. A quiet engagement in Lausanne followed on 19 July 1949, and the couple married on 28 April 1950, just a week before his coronation.
The marriage took place at Srapathum Palace. Queen Sri Savarindira, the Queen Grandmother presided over the marriage ceremony. Both the king and Sirikit signed on line 11 of their certificate of marriage. As she was not yet 18, her parents also signed, on line 12 directly under her signature. She later received the Order of the Royal House of Chakri, and became queen. After the coronation ceremony on 5 May 1950, both went back to Switzerland to continue their studies, and returned to Bangkok in 1952.
When the king undertook a period of service as a Buddhist monk in 1956 (as is customary for all Thai Buddhist males), Queen Sirikit became regent. She performed her duties so satisfactorily that she was made queen regent and given the style of 'Somdet Phra Nang Chao Sirikit Phra Borommarachininat' by her husband on his birthday, 5 December 1956. She then became the second Siamese queen regent. The first queen regent was Queen Saovabha Bongsri of Siam, who was regent when her husband King Chulalongkorn travelled to Europe, and later became Queen Sri Patcharindra, the queen mother.
At dawn on 21 July 2012 Queen Sirikit felt unsteady and staggered while exercising at Siriraj Hospital where King Bhumibol Adulyadej resided. A team of physicians determined after performing magnetic resonance imaging that she had incurred an ischemic stroke.
The Queen has been treated and has refrained from public appearances since, including the grand audience granted by her husband on his 85th Birthday Anniversary from the Ananta Samakhom Hall on 5 December 2012.
The couple has 4 children; 3 daughters and a son:
- (Formerly HRH) Princess Ubolratana Rajakanya, born 5 April 1951 in Lausanne, Switzerland; married Peter Ladd Jensen, has 2 daughters (one son deceased)
- HRH Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn, born 28 July 1952; married Mom Luang Soamsawali Kitiyakara (later divorced and became HRH the Princess Niece); 1 daughter. Then married Yuvadhida Polpraserth; 4 sons and a daughter. Third marriage was to Srirasmi Akharapongpreecha; one son.
- HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, born 2 April 1955; unmarried
- HRH Princess Chulabhorn Walailak, born 4 July 1957; married Virayudh Tishyasarin, (then divorced); 2 daughters
Queen Sirikit's birthday, as is the king's, is a national holiday, and is also Mothers' Day in Thailand. She is particularly revered in the more remote and traditional parts of the country, where the monarchy is regarded as semi-divine. Her work in promoting tolerance and understanding for the Muslim minorities in the southernmost provinces of Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat have made her especially popular amongst local Muslims. The queen has a strong bond with southern Thailand. She spends months in the Muslim-majority provinces every year. The queen is considered to be one of the more quiet diplomats.
Books and writing
Queen Sirikit published In Memory of my European Trip in 1964, which described her time in Europe with the king. It was this book that revealed that she was a talented writer. Moreover, she has composed songs for performance by The Handsome Band, the band of the palace.
The songs she composed were:
- Chao Chom Khwan (เจ้าจอมขวัญ)
- That Thoe (ทาสเธอ)
- Sai Yut (สายหยุด)
- Nang Yaem (นางแย้ม)
Charitable works and honors
Queen Sirikit is well known for her charitable work, where she is the honorary president of the Thai Red Cross, a post she has held since 1956. She gained new prominence in this role in the aftermath of the tsunami disaster in southern Thailand in December 2004. She has also been active in relief work for the many refugees from Cambodia and Burma in Thailand.
Many things in Thailand have been named after the Queen:
- the Queen Sirikit national institute of child health, Children hospital
- the Queen Sirikit Medical Center building, Ramathibodi Hospital
- the Queen Sirikit Centre for Breast Cancer, a new 10-storey hospital in Bangkok
- the Queen Sirikit National Convention Center in Bangkok
- the Queen Sirikit Park in Bangkok
- the Sirikit Dam on the Nan River, Uttaradit Province
- the Queen Sirikit Botanic Garden, Chiang Mai Province
- the Queen Sirikit Arboretum Garden, Pathum Thani Province
- the Queen Sirikit Cup, an annual Asian-Pacific golf Teams Event
- the Queen Sirikit Crab (Thaiphusa sirikit)
- the Queen Sirikit Rose
- the Queen's Cup, annual football competition
The queen is also active in promoting Thai culture and history, mainly through her initiative in the making of the Thai movie The Legend of Suriyothai, one of the most lavish and expensive Thai movies ever made.
|1979||CERES Gold Medal||Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations|
|1985||Humanitarian Award||Asia Society|
|1986||Best Conservationist Certificate||World Wildlife Fund|
|1990||Immigration and Refugee Policy Award||The Center of Migration Studies|
|1991||International Humanitarian Award||Friends of the National Children's Museum, Washington, DC|
|1992||Gold Medal for Outstanding Leadership||Asian Institute of Technology|
|1992||UNESCO Borobudur Gold Medal||United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization|
|1992||UNICEF Special Recognition Award||United Nations Children's Fund|
|1992||Award of Excellence||United Nations Development Fund for Women|
|1992||UNEP Gold Medal of Distinction||United Nations Environment Programme|
|1993||Woman of the Year 1993 Award||Stanford University|
|1995||1995 Lindbergh Award||The Lindbergh Foundation|
|2000||Merite de Invention||The Belgian Chamber of Inventors|
|2001||Special Prix||Bulgarian American Chamber of Commercial and Industry|
|2002||Louis Pasteur Award||International Sericultural Commission|
|2002||Award for Humanitarian Service||The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center|
|2004||IUCN Gold Medal||International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources|
|2005||Food Safety Award||World Health Organization|
Title and ranks
|Monarchical styles of
Queen Sirikit of Thailand
|Reference style||Her Majesty|
|Spoken style||Your Majesty|
Her formal name and title is Somdet Phra Nang Chao Sirikit Phra Borommarachininat Thai: สมเด็จพระนางเจ้าสิริกิติ์ พระบรมราชินีนาถ; 'Her Majesty Queen Regent Sirikit'. Her official title is Queen Sirikit.
At present, the queen ranks as Field Marshal, Admiral of the Fleet and Marshal of the Royal Thai Air Force, usually mentioned in official documents that: Chom Phon Ying Chom Phon Ruea Ying Chom Phon Akat Ying Somdet Phra Nang Chao Sirikit Phra Borommarachininat Thai: จอมพลหญิง จอมพลเรือหญิง จอมพลอากาศหญิง สมเด็จพระนางเจ้าสิริกิติ์ พระบรมราชินีนาถ; 'Her Majesty Queen Regent Sirikit, the Field Marshal, Admiral of the Fleet and Marshal of the Royal Thai Air Force'. The queen holds ceremonial supreme power, after her husband who ranks as the Head of the Royal Thai Armed Forces, among the Royal Thai Army.
- 12 August 1932 – 28 April 1950: The Honourable (English style) or Mom Rajawongse (Thai style) Sirikit Kitiyakara
- 28 April 1950 – 5 December 1956: Her Majesty Queen Sirikit of Thailand
- 5 December 1956 – present: Her Majesty Queen Sirikit, Queen Regent of Thailand
In 1976, the Thai government honored the queen by declaring her birthday a national holiday. Her Majesty the Queen's Birthday is celebrated on 12 August each year.
Thai Royal Decorations
- Knight of The Most Illustrious Order of the Royal House of Chakri
- Knight of the Ancient and Auspicious of Order of the Nine Gems 
- Dame Grand Cross (First Class) of The Most Illustrious Order of Chula Chom Klao
- Knight Grand Cordon (Special Class) of The Most Exalted Order of the White Elephant
- Knight Grand Cordon (Special Class) of The Most Noble Order of the Crown of Thailand
- Knight Grand Cross (First Class) of The Most Admirable Order of the Direkgunabhorn
- Member (Special Class) of Th Order of Symbolic Propitiousness Ramkeerati - Boy Scout Citation Medal
- Freeman Safeguarding Medal (First Class)
- Civil Dushdi Mala Medal
- The Border Service Medal
- King Rama IX Royal Cypher Medal (First Class)
- King Rama IX Rajaruchi Medal (Gold Class)
- The Red Cross Commendation Medal
- Grand Cross of the Order of Saint James of the Sword, 1960
- Member of The Royal Order of the Seraphim (3 September 1960)
- 1960: Dame of the Order of the Elephant (6 September 1960)
- 1960: Grand Cross (Special Class) of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 1960: Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold
- 1960: Knight of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau
- 1960: Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion
- 1961: First Class of The Star of Mahaputera
- 1963: The Most Exalted Order of the Crown of the Realm (Darjah Utama Seri Mahkota Negara)
- 1999: Selangor - Grand Cross of The Most Most Esteemed Royal Family Order of Selangor (Darjah Kerabat Yang Amat Dihormati Kelas Pertama)
- 2004: Kelantan - Grand Cross of The Most Most Esteemed Royal Family Order of Kelantan (Darjah Kerabat Yang Amat Di Hormati)
- 2009: Terengganu - Grand Cross of The Most Distinguished Royal Family Order of Terengganu (Darjah Kerabat di-Raja Terengganu Yang Amat Mulia)
- 1963: Special Grand Cordon of The Order of Propitious Clouds
- 1964: Grand Star of the Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria
- 1965: Grand Cross of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav
- 1968: Grand Collar (Maringal na Kuwintas) of The Order of the Golden Heart
- South Korea
- 1981: Grand Order of Mugunghwa
- 1990: The Most Esteemed Royal Family Order Seri Utama of Brunei
- 1992: Phoxay Lane Xang 
Former Sovereign Families
- 1963: Grand Cross of the Order of Beneficence
- 1963: Grand Cordon of the Most Esteemed Order of the Million Elephants and the White Parasol
- 1968: First Class of the Order of the Pleiades 
- 1968: Grand Cross of the Most Exalted Order of the Queen of Sheba
- 1986: : Member of The Nepal Pratap Bhaskara 
Date | Spouse
|Their Children||Their Grandchildren|
|Princess Ubolratana Rajakanya||5 April 1951||29 July 1981
|Peter Ladd Jensen||Ploypailin Jensen||Max Wheeler|
|Poom JensenDied 2004|
|Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn||28 July 1952||3 January 1977
Divorced 12 August 1991
|Soamsawali Kitiyakara||Princess Bajrakitiyabha|
|Yuvadhida Polpraserth||Prince Juthavachara Mahidol|
|Prince Vacharaesorn Mahidol|
|Prince Chakriwat Mahidol|
|Prince Vatchrawee Mahidol|
|Princess Sirivannavari Nariratana|
|10 February 2001
Divorced 11 December 2014
|Srirasmi Suwadee||Prince Dipangkorn Rasmijoti|
|Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn||2 April 1955||Never married|
|Princess Chulabhorn Walailak||4 July 1957||1982
|Virayudh Tishyasarin||Princess Siribhachudhabhorn|
|Ancestors of Sirikit|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Queen Sirikit of Thailand.|
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Handley, Paul M. (2006). The King Never Smiles: A Biography of Thailand's Bhumibol Adulyadej, pp. 103–4. Yale University Press.
- Handley (2006), p. 131-32.
- "Statement of the Bureau of the Royal Household, Re: Her Majesty the Queen falls ill at Siriraj Hospital, dated 21 July 2012." (pdf) (in Thai). Bureau of the Royal Household. 21 July 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- "Statement of the Bureau of the Royal Household, Re: Her Majesty the Queen falls ill at Siriraj Hospital, No. 12, dated 4 December 2012." (pdf) (in Thai). Bureau of the Royal Household. 4 December 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- Morris, Kylie (16 November 2004), "Thai Queen's plea to end violence", http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/4017485.stm News, UK: BBC, retrieved 7 July 2008.
- Ridout, Lucy (2009). The Rough Guide to Thailand, p. 357. Penguin.
- "Thailand's Suriyothai beats Titanic", News, UK: BBC, 23 November 2001, retrieved 7 July 2008.
- Forbes, Andrew (2010). DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Thailand's Beaches & Islands, p. 35. Dorling Kindersley Limited.
- Sirikit wearing the Order of the Nine Gems
- "S.M. Sirikit Regina di Tailandia, Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana" (in Italian). Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- Boletín Oficial del Estado
- Boletín Oficial del Estado
- Malaysia - Queen Sirikit's photo, wearing the order
- Photo of Sirikit wearing the Order of the Precious Crown
- "Reply to a parliamentary question" (pdf) (in German). p. 171. Retrieved 12 October 2012.
- Photo of the State visit of Laotian President in Thailand
- Iran - Photo of the order worn by the Queen
- Nepal - Photo of Sirikit wearing the Order
SirikitBorn: 12 August 1932
Rambhai Barni Svastivatana
|Queen Consort of Thailand
1951 – present
|Order of precedence|
|The Queen Consort||Succeeded by
The Crown Prince