List of English consorts

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The English royal consorts were the spouses of the reigning monarchs of the Kingdom of England who were not themselves monarchs of England: spouses of some English monarchs who were themselves English monarchs are not listed, comprising Mary I and Philip who reigned together in the 16th century, and William III and Mary II who reigned together in the 17th century.

Most of the consorts are women, and enjoyed titles and honours pertaining to a queen consort; some few are men, whose titles were not consistent, depending upon the circumstances of their spouses' reigns. The Kingdom of England merged with the Kingdom of Scotland in 1707, to form the Kingdom of Great Britain. There have thus been no consorts of England since that date.

House of Wessex, 927–1013[edit]

Picture Name Parents Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Ælfgifu of Shaftesbury 944? Edmund I the Magnificent
Æthelflæd of Damerham Ælfgar (father) 944 26 May 946 between 962 (975) and 991
Ælfgifu Æthelgifu (mother) 955 958
Marriage dissolved
September 959 Eadwig
Ælfthryth Ordgar, Ealdorman of Devon 964/965 11 May 973 8 July 975 17 November, 999–1001 Edgar the Peaceful
Ælfgifu of York Thored Ethelred II the Unready
EmmaNormanská.jpg Emma of Normandy Richard I, Duke of Normandy
Gunnora
circa 985 1002 25 December 1013
husband's deposition
6 March 1052

House of Denmark, 1013–1014[edit]

Picture Name Parents Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Sigrid and olaf.jpg Sigrid the Haughty
(Dubious authenticity)
and/or
Świętosława of Poland
996 25 December 1013 3 February 1014 Sweyn Forkbeard

House of Wessex (restored), 1014–1016[edit]

Picture Name Parents Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
EmmaNormanská.jpg Emma of Normandy
(again)
Richard I, Duke of Normandy
Gunnora
circa 985 1002 3 February 1014
husband's restoration
23 April 1016
husband's death
6 March 1052 Ethelred II the Unready
Ealdgyth 1015 23 April 1016 30 November 1016 Edmund II Ironside

House of Denmark, 1016–1042[edit]

Picture Name Parents Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
EmmaNormanská.jpg Emma of Normandy
(again)
Richard I, Duke of Normandy
Gunnora
circa 985 July 1017 12 November 1035
Husband's death
6 March 1052 Canute the Great

House of Wessex (restored) and House of Godwin, 1042–1066[edit]

Picture Name Parents Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Edith z Wessexu.gif Edith of Wessex Godwin, Earl of Wessex
Gytha Thorkelsdóttir
1029 1045 Not crowned 4 January 1066
Husband's death
19 December 1075 Edward the Confessor
Edith discovering the body of Harold.jpg Ealdgyth Ælfgar, Earl of Mercia
Ælfgifu
circa 1057 January 1066 Not crowned 14 October 1066
Husband's death
1066 Harold II Godwinson

House of Normandy, 1066–1135, & 1141[edit]

In 1066, the Duke of Normandy, William, killed King Harold II of England at the battle of Hastings, and overthrew the English elite. He established himself as King, his wife Matilda as Queen consort, and beneficed his faithful vassals from the continent. His dynasty would not, however, outlive his children, becoming defunct with the death of his youngest son, Henry I, in 1135.

Picture Name Parents Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Matilda-flanders sm.png Matilda of Flanders Baldwin V, Count of Flanders
Adela of France
circa 1031 1053 25 December 1066
Husband's ascension
11 May 1068 2 November 1083 William I
Matilda Scotland.jpg Matilda of Scotland Malcolm III of Scotland
Margaret of Wessex
circa 1080 11 November 1100 11 (?) November 1100 1 May 1118 Henry I
Adeliza of Louvain.JPG Adeliza of Louvain Godfrey I, Count of Leuven
Ida of Chiny
circa 1103 24 January 1121 30 January 1121 1 December 1135
Husband's death
23 April 1151
Geoffrey of Anjou Monument.jpg Geoffrey V of Anjou Fulk V of Anjou
Ermengarde of Maine
24 August 1113 1128 7 April 1141
Wife's Ascension
- 1 November 1141
Wife's deposition
7 September 1151 Matilda

House of Blois, 1135–1154[edit]

In 1135, Stephen of Blois, the son of Henry I's sister Adela, seized the English throne, his cousin Empress Matilda of Anjou's claims being ignored by the Norman barons. His wife, Matilda of Boulogne, became his Queen consort, but her elder son died, and Stephen was forced to appoint the Empress's son as his successor.

Picture Name Parents Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
MatildaofBoulogne.jpg Matilda of Boulogne Eustace III, Count of Boulogne
Mary of Scotland
circa 1105 1125 22 December 1135
Husband's accession
22 March 1136 3 May 1152 Stephen

House of Plantagenet, 1154–1485[edit]

Picture Arms Name Parents Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Aleanor of Aqutaine and Henri II 1.jpg - Eleanor of Aquitaine William X, Duke of Aquitaine
Aenor de Châtellerault
circa 1122 18 May 1152 25 October 1154
Husband's accession
19 December 1154 6 July 1189
Husband's death
1 April 1204 Henry II
Margaret of France (1197).jpg France Ancient.svg Margaret of France Louis VII of France
Constance of Castile
1157 1162 1170
Husband's accession
27 August 1172 11 June 1183
Husband's death
1197 Henry the Young King
Abbaye de l'Epau -2.JPG - Berengaria of Navarre Sancho VI of Navarre
Sancha of Castile
Between 1165 and 1170 12 May 1191 6 April 1199
Husband's death
23 December 1230 Richard I
- Isabella of Angoulême Aymer of Angoulême
Alice of Courtenay
circa 1187 24 August 1200 8 October 1200 18 or 19 October 1216
Husband's death
31 May 1246 John
Eleonor Provence.jpg Aragon Arms.svg Eleanor of Provence Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence
Beatrice of Savoy
circa 1223 14 January 1236 20 January 1236 16 November 1272
Husband's death
24 June 1291 Henry III
Eleanor Castile.jpg Arms of Eleanor of Castile, Queen of England.svg Eleanor of Castile Ferdinand III of Castile
Joan, Countess of Ponthieu
1241 1 November 1254 16 November 1272
Husband's ascension
19 August 1274 28 November 1290 Edward I
Marguerite of france.jpg Marguerite of France Arms.svg Margaret of France Philip III of France
Marie of Brabant
1282 8 or 10 September 1299 Uncrowned 7 July 1307
Husband's death
14 February 1317
Isabella of France.jpg Isabelle of France.svg Isabella of France Philip IV of France
Joan I of Navarre
Between 1288 and 1296 25 January 1308 25 February 1308 20 January 1327
Husband's deposition
22 August 1358 Edward II
Philippa of Hainault-mini.gif Philippa of Hainault Arms.svg Philippa of Hainault William I, Count of Hainaut
Joan of Valois
24 June 1314 24 January 1328 18 February 1330 15 August 1369 Edward III
Anne of Bohemia by S.R.Gardiner.jpg Anne of Bohemia Arms.svg Anne of Bohemia Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor
Elizabeth of Pomerania
11 May 1366 20 January 1382 22 January 1382 7 June 1394 Richard II
Isabela Richard2.jpg Isabella of Valois Arms.svg Isabella of Valois Charles VI of France
Isabeau of Bavaria
9 November 1387 31 October or 1 November 1396 8 January 1397 30 September 1399
Husband's deposition
13 September 1409

House of Lancaster, 1399–1461, 1470–1471[edit]

Picture Arms Name Parents Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Joanna of Navarre Arms.svg Joan of Navarre Charles II of Navarre
Joan of Valois
circa 1370 7 February 1403 26 February 1403 20 March 1413
Husband's death
10 June 1437 Henry IV
Katherine of Valois.jpg Catherine of Valois Arms.svg Catherine of Valois Charles VI of France
Isabeau of Bavaria
27 October 1401 2 June 1420 23 February 1421 31 August 1422
Husband's death
3 January 1437 Henry V
MargaretAnjou.jpg Margaret of Anjou Arms.svg Margaret of Anjou René of Anjou
Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine
23 March 1430 23 April 1445 30 May 1445 21 May 1471
Husband's death[1]
25 August 1482 Henry VI

House of York, 1461–1470, 1471–1485[edit]

Picture Arms Name Parents Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
ElizabethWoodville.JPG Elizabeth Woodville Arms.svg Elizabeth Woodville Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers
Jacquetta of Luxembourg
circa 1437 1 May 1464[2] 26 May 1465 9 April 1483
Husband's death
8 June 1492 Edward IV
Anne Neville portrait.jpg Anne Neville Arms.svg Anne Neville Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick
Anne Neville, 16th Countess of Warwick
11 June 1456 12 July 1472 26 June 1483
Husband's accession
6 July 1483 16 March 1485 Richard III

House of Tudor, 1485–1603[edit]

Picture Arms Name Parents Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Elizabeth of York.jpg Elizabeth of York Arms.svg Elizabeth of York Edward IV of England
Elizabeth Woodville
11 February 1466 18 January 1486 25 November 1487 11 February 1503 Henry VII
Catherine aragon.jpg Arms of Catherine of Aragon.svg Catherine of Aragon Ferdinand II of Aragon
Isabella I of Castile
16 December 1485 11 June 1509 24 June 1509 23 May 1533
Marriage annulled
7 January 1536 Henry VIII
Anneboleyn2.jpg Arms of Anne Boleyn.svg Anne Boleyn Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire
Lady Elizabeth Howard
Between 1501 and 1507 28 May 1533 1 June 1533 17 May 1536
Marriage annulled
19 May 1536 Executed
Hans Holbein d. J. 032b.jpg Arms of Jane Seymour.svg Jane Seymour Sir John Seymour
Margery Wentworth
Between 1507 and 1509 30 May 1536 Uncrowned;
Proclaimed Queen 4 June 1536
24 October 1537
AnneCleves.jpg Arms of Anne of Cleves.svg Anne of Cleves John III, Duke of Cleves
Maria of Jülich-Berg
22 September 1515 6 January 1540 Uncrowned 9 July 1540
Marriage annulled
16 July 1557
HowardCatherine02.jpeg Arms of Catherine Howard.svg Catherine Howard Lord Edmund Howard
Jocasta "Joyce" Culpeper
Between 1520 and 1525 28 July 1540 Uncrowned 23 November 1541
Deprived of title
13 February 1542
Executed
Catherine Parr from NPG.jpg Arms of Catherine Parr.svg Catherine Parr Sir Thomas Parr
Maud Green
1512 12 July 1543 Uncrowned 28 January 1547
Husband's death
5 September 1548

Disputed consort[edit]

Picture Arms Name Parents Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Guildford Dudley.jpg Guildford Dudley.svg Lord Guildford Dudley John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland
Jane Guildford
c. 1535 15 May 1553 10 July 1553
Wife's accession
Uncrowned 19 July 1553
When his wife was deposed
12 February 1554 Jane

House of Stuart, 1603–1707[edit]

With the death of Elizabeth I, the crown of England passed to her cousin and nearest heir, James VI of Scotland, who became James I of England. His dynasty would rule - interrupted by the Interregnum between 1649 and 1660 - until 1714. The Kingdom of England, however, was merged with the Kingdom of Scotland in 1707, to form a new Kingdom, the Kingdom of Great Britain, after which there ceased to be monarchs and consorts of England.

Picture Arms Name Parents Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Anne of Denmark mourning the death of her son Henry in 1612.jpg Arms of Anne of Denmark.svg Anne of Denmark Frederick II of Denmark
Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
12 December 1574 23 November 1589 24 March 1603
Husband's accession
25 July 1603 4 March 1619 James I
HenriettaMariavonFrankreich.jpg Arms of Henrietta Maria of France.svg Henrietta Maria of France Henry IV of France
Marie de' Medici
25 November 1609 11 May 1625 (by proxy)
13 June 1625
Uncrowned 30 January 1649
Husband's death
10 September 1669 Charles I
Catherine of Braganza.jpg Arms of Catherine of Braganza.svg Catherine of Braganza John IV of Portugal
Luisa of Guzman
25 November 1638 21 May 1662 Uncrowned 6 February 1685
Husband's death
30 November 1705 Charles II
Mary of Modena detail.JPG Arms of Mary of Modena.svg Mary of Modena Alfonso IV d'Este, Duke of Modena
Laura Martinozzi
5 October 1658 30 September 1673 (by proxy) 6 February 1685
Husband's accession
23 April 1685 11 December 1688
Husband's deposition
7 May 1718 James II
George, Prince of Denmark by John Riley.jpg Arms of George of Denmark, Duke of Cumberland.svg Prince George of Denmark Frederick III of Denmark
Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
2 April 1653 28 July 1683 8 March 1702
Wife's accession
Uncrowned 1 May 1707
Act of Union 1707
28 October 1708 Anne

For the continuation of this list, go to List of British consorts.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Henry VI was deposed 4 March 1461, restored 3 October 1470, and deposed again 11 April 1471. Throughout this time Margaret of Anjou was considered by the Lancastrians to be de jure Queen of England
  2. ^ Edward IV's marriage to Elizabeth Woodville was not made public for several months