List of Polish consorts

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Grand Coat of Arms of Poland
See also: List of Polish monarchs.

The Polish royal consorts were the spouses of the reigning monarchs of the Kingdom of Poland. All of them are women who held the position of queen consort; although there were two female monarchs of Poland, husbands of those queens regnant were iure uxoris monarchs and not consorts. Poland is no longer a kingdom, so the throne of Queen of Poland no longer exist.

Little is known about queens whose husbands reigned prior to 1000. The Queen consorts of Poland also held the title of Duchess of the Polans, High Duchess of Poland, and other similar titles. The Ducal title was much more common in the Piast Dynasty since over 300 years of this family's rule only three were Kings of Poland and only two of these had wife's that were alive in their reign. But by the end of the first Piast dynasty, the title Duchess of Poland began to disappear and even though Christina and Hedwig of Sagan, wives of Casmir III, who were never crowned, they were referred to as Queens rather than Duchesses.

Wives of early Polish monarchs[edit]

Duchesses of the Polans[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Dobrawa.jpg Dobrawa of Bohemia Boleslaus I, Duke of Bohemia
(Přemyslids)
925 965 977 Mieszko I
Monarch-emp.png Oda of Haldensleben Dietrich, Margrave of the Nordmark
(Billung)
ca. 960 ca. 978 25 May 992
husband's death
1023
Monarch-emp.png Emnilda of Lusatia Dobromir of Lusatia ca. 970 ca. 987 25 May 992
husband's accession
1017 Bolesław I[1]
Monarch-emp.png Oda of Meissen Eckard I, Margrave of Meissen
(Ekkehardiner)
ca. 996 3 February 1018 aft. 1018

Queens and High Duchesses of Poland[edit]

Piast Dynasty (1)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became duchess Coronation as queen Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Monarch-emp.png Oda of Meissen Eckard I, Margrave of Meissen
(Ekkehardiner)
ca. 996 3 February 1018 18 April 1025
in Gniezno Cathedral
aft. 1025 Bolesław I
Rycheza-Matejko.jpg Richeza of Lotharingia Ezzo, Count Palatine of Lotharingia
(Ezzonids)
995 or 1000 1013 17 June 1025
husband's accession
25 December 1025
in Gniezno Cathedral
1031
husband's deposition
21 March 1063 Mieszko II,
1st reign
1032
husband's restoration
reverted to the rank of duchess 10 May 1034
husband's death
Mieszko II,
2nd reign
Dobranega maria.jpeg Dobroniega Maria of Kiev Vladimir I of Kiev
(Rurikids)
1010 1040 never crowned 28 November 1058
husband's death
1087 Casimir I
Wyszesława.jpeg Wyszesława of Kiev Sviatoslav II of Kiev
(Rurikids)
1047? 1068? 25 December 1076
in Gniezno Cathedral
1079
husband's deposition
aft. 1089 Bolesław II
Judith.jpeg Judith of Bohemia Vratislaus II of Bohemia
(Přemyslids)
1056/58 1080 never crowned 25 December 1086 Władysław I
Monarch-emp.png Judith of Swabia Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor
(Liudolfings)
1047/1054 1089 never crowned 4 June 1102
husband's death
14 March (aft. 1105?)
Monarch-emp.png Zbyslava of Kiev Sviatopolk II of Kiev
(Rurikids)
ca. 1085/90 16 November 1102 never crowned ca. 1112 Bolesław III
Monarch-emp.png Salomea of Berg Henry, Count of Berg
(Berg-Schelklingen)
1093/1101 1115 never crowned 28 October 1138
husband's death
27 July 1144
Agnes of Babenberg.JPG Agnes of Babenberg Leopold III, Margrave of Austria
(Babenberg)
1111 1125 28 October 1138
husband's accession
never crowned 1146
husband's deposition
25 January 1157 Władysław II
Viacheslava of Novgorod Vsevolod of Pskov
(Rurikids)
1125 1137 1146
husband's accession
never crowned 15 March 1162? Bolesław IV
Monarch-emp.png Maria probably Rostislav I of Kiev
(Rurikids)
ca. 1140 ca. 1165 never crowned aft. 1173
Monarch-emp.png Eudoxia of Kiev Iziaslav II of Kiev
(Rurikids)
ca. 1131 1154 1173
husband's accession
never crowned 1177
husband's deposition
aft. 1187 Mieszko III,
1st reign
Helena Czeska.jpeg Helen of Znojmo Conrad II of Znojmo
(Přemyslids)
1140 or 1145 1163 1177
husband's accession
never crowned 1190
husband's deposition
1206 Casimir II,
1st reign
1190
husband's restoration
5 May 1194
husband's death
Casimir II,
2nd reign
Monarch-emp.png Lucia of Rügen Jaromar I, Prince of Rügen
(Rügen)
 ? 1186 13 March 1202
husband's accession
never crowned 1206
husband's deposition
 ?1231? Władysław III,
1st reign
Grzymisława z synem.JPG Grzymislawa of Luck Ingvar of Kiev
(Rurikids)
 ? 1207 never crowned 1210
husband's deposition
Leszek I,
3rd reign
Monarch-emp.png Ludmila probably Soběslav I, Duke of Bohemia
(Přemyslids)
 ? 1170/1178 9 June 1210
husband's accession
never crowned 20 October 1210 Mieszko IV
Grzymisława z synem.JPG Grzymislawa of Luck Ingvar of Kiev
(Rurikids)
 ? 1207 1211
husband's restoration
never crowned 1227
husband's death
Leszek I,
4th reign
Monarch-emp.png Lucia of Rügen Jaromar I, Prince of Rügen
(Rügen)
 ? 1186 1227
husband's restoration
never crowned 1229
husband's deposition
 ?1231? Władysław III,
2nd reign
Conradmazovia and Agafia.jpeg Agafia of Rus Svyatoslav III Igorevich
(Rurikids)
 ?  ?  ? never crowned  ?  ? Konrad I,
1st reign
Hl Hedwig Sehnde.JPG Hedwig of Andechs Berthold IV, Duke of Merania
(Andechs)
1174 around 1188 1232
husband's accession
never crowned 19 March 1238
husband's death
15 October 1243 Henry I
Anna Ceska.jpg Anne of Bohemia Ottokar I of Bohemia(Přemyslids) 1204 1218 19 March 1238
husband's accession
never crowned 9 April 1241
husband's death
23 June 1265 Henry II
Conradmazovia and Agafia.jpeg Agafia of Rus Svyatoslav III Igorevich
(Rurikids)
 ?  ?  ? never crowned  ?  ? Konrad I,
2nd reign
Kinga.jpeg Cunegunda of Hungary Béla IV of Hungary
(Árpád)
5 March 1224  ? 9 April 1241
husband's accession
never crowned 7 December 1279
husband's death
24 July 1292 Bolesław V
Grifka.jpeg Agrippina of Slavonia Rostislav Mikhailovich
(Rurikids)
1248  ?  ? never crowned 30 September 1288
husband's death
1309 Leszek II
Matylda Brandenburska.jpg Matilda of Brandenburg Otto V, Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
(Ascania)
1270 1287/88 1288
husband's accession
never crowned 23 June 1290
husband's death
bef. 1 June 1298 Henry IV
COA family sv Folkungaättens Valdemarsgren.svg Ryksa of Sweden Valdemar of Sweden
(Bjelbo)
before 1273 11 October 1285 23 June 1290
husband's accession
never crowned before 1293 Przemysł II
Wappen Mark Brandenburg.png Margaret of Brandenburg Albert III, Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
(Ascania)
1270 1291 or 1293 26 June 1295
in Gniezno Cathedral
8 February 1296
husband's death
1315

Přemyslid Dynasty[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became duchess Coronation as queen Ceased to be consort Death Spouse
GutaHabsburska.jpg Judith of Habsburg Rudolph I of Germany
(Habsburg)
1271 24 January 1285 1296
husband's accession, although not crowned
never crowned 21 May 1297 Wenceslaus II
Rejčka.jpg Elisabeth Richeza of Poland Przemysł II
(Piast)
1 September 1286 1300 26 May 1303
in Prague Cathedral
21 June 1305
husband's death
18 October 1335
POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Viola of Teschen Mieszko I, Duke of Teschen
(Piast)
1291 5 October 1305 never crowned 4 August 1306
husband's death
21 September 1317 Wenceslaus III

Piast Dynasty (2)[edit]

Picture Name House Birth Marriage Became duchess Coronation as queen Ceased to be consort Death Spouse
Jadwiga Kaliska seal.PNG Hedwig of Kalisz Boleslaw the Pious
(Piast)
1266 1293 1306
husband's accession
20 January 1320
in Wawel Cathedral
2 March 1333
husband's death
10 December 1339 Władysław I
Anna lithuania.jpeg Aldona Anna of Lithuania Gediminas
(Gediminids)
c. 1309 30 April or 16 October 1325 2 March 1333
husband's accession
25 April 1333
in Wawel Cathedral
26 May 1339 Casimir III
Coat of arms of Hesse.svg Adelaide of Hesse Henry II, Landgrave of Hesse
(Hesse)
1324 29 September 1341
in Poznań Cathedral
1356
divorce (disputed)
1371
Monarch-emp.png Christina Rokiczana commoner  ? 1356 never crowned 1363
divorce
 ?
Monarch-emp.png Hedwig of Żagań Henry V of Iron
(Piast)
c. 1350 25 February 1363 never crowned 5 November 1370
husband's death
1390

Angevin Dynasty[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became consort Coronation as queen Ceased to be consort Death Spouse
Erzsébet és Mária királynők Nagy Lajos sírjánál.jpg Elizabeth of Bosnia Stephen II, Ban of Bosnia
(Kotromanić)
1340 20 June 1353 5 November 1370
husband's accession
never crowned 10 September 1382
husband's death
16 January 1387 Louis

Jagiellon Dynasty[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation as Queen Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Annacelje.gif Anna of Celje William, Count of Celje
(Celje)
1381 1402 25 February 1403
in Wawel Cathedral
21 May 1416 Władysław II
Elżbieta z Pileckich Granowska.PNG Elisabeth of Pilica Otton of Pilica, Voivode of Sandomierz 1372 2 May 1417 19 November 1417
in Wawel Cathedral
12 May 1420
Zofia Holszańska.jpg Sophia of Halshany Andrew of Halshany
(Olshanski)
1405 24 or 7 February 1422 12 February 1424
in Wawel Cathedral
1 June 1434
husband's death
21 September 1461
Elżbieta Rakuszanka.JPG Elisabeth of Austria Albert II of Germany
(Habsburg)
1435/36/possibly 1437 10 March 1454
in Wawel Cathedral
7 June 1492
husband's death
30 August 1505 Casimir IV
Helena Moskiewska.JPG Helena of Moscow Ivan III of Russia
(Rurikids)
19 May 1476 18 February 1495 12 December 1501
husband's ascession
Never crowned 19 August 1506
husband's death
20 January 1513 Alexander
Barbara Zápolya.jpg Barbara Zápolya Stephen Zápolya
(Zápolya)
1495 8 February 1512
in Wawel Cathedral
2 October 1515 Sigismund I
Cranach the Younger Bona Sforza.jpg Bona Sforza Gian Galeazzo Sforza
(Sforza)
13 February 1495 18 April 1518
in Wawel Cathedral
1 April 1548
husband's death
7 November 1558
Elzbieta Habsburzanka.jpg Elisabeth of Austria Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
9 July 1526 5 May 1543 8 May 1543
in Wawel Cathedral
15 June 1545 Sigismund II Augustus
Cranach the Younger Barbara Radziwiłł.jpg Barbara Radziwiłł Jerzy Radziwiłł
(Radziwiłł)
6 December 1520 1547 4 December 1550
in Wawel Cathedral
8 May 1551
Cranach the Younger Catherine of Austria.jpg Catherine of Austria Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
15 September 1533 23 June 1553 30 June 1553
in Wawel Cathedral
28 February 1572

Royal consort of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation as Queen Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Maria of Spain 1557.jpg Maria of Spain Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
21 June 1528 13 September 1548 1575
husband's election
Never crowned 1575
husband's deposition
26 February 1603 Maximilian II
Szwankowski Anna of Austria.jpg Anna of Austria Charles II, Archduke of Austria
(Habsburg)
16 August 1573 31 May 1592
in Wawel Cathedral
10 February 1598 Sigismund III
Frans Pourbus d. J. 005.jpg Constance of Austria Charles II, Archduke of Austria
(Habsburg)
24 December 1588 11 December 1605
in Wawel Cathedral
10 July 1631
Cecylia Renata Habsburżanka.JPG Cecilia Renata of Austria Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
16 July 1611 13 September 1637
in St. John's Cathedral
24 March 1644 Władysław IV
Egmont Marie Louise Gonzaga.jpg Ludwika Maria Gonzaga Charles I of Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua
(Gonzaga)
18 August 1611 5 November 1645 15 July 1646
in Wawel Cathedral
20 May 1648
husband's death
10 May 1667
30 May 1649 Crowned prior to 2nd marriage 10 May 1667 John II
Schultz Eleonora Wiśniowiecka.jpg Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
31 May 1653 27 February 1670 29 September 1670
in St. John's Cathedral
10 November 1673
husband's death
17 December 1697 Michael
Mariecasimir lean.jpeg Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien Henri Albert de La Grange d'Arquien
(La Grange)
28 June 1641 5 July 1665 2 February 1676
in St. John's Cathedral
17 June 1696
husband's death
1 January 1716 John III
Christiane Eberhardine von Brandenburg-Bayreuth.PNG Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth Christian Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
(Hohenzollern)
19 December 1671 20 January 1693 15 September 1697
husband's coronation
Never crowned 1 September 1706
husband's abdication
4 September 1727 Augustus II, 1st reign
Opalińska by van Loo.jpg Catherine Opalińska Jan Karol Opaliński
(Opaliński)
13 October 1680 10 May 1698 4 October 1705
in St. John's Cathedral
1709
husband's desposation
19 March 1747 Stanisław I, 1st reign
Christiane Eberhardine von Brandenburg-Bayreuth.PNG Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth Christian Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
(Hohenzollern)
19 December 1671 20 January 1693 1709
husband's restoration
Never crowned 4 September 1727 Augustus II, 2nd reign
Opalińska by van Loo.jpg Catherine Opalińska Jan Karol Opaliński
(Opaliński)
13 October 1680 10 May 1698 1733
husband's restoration
Previously crowned 1736
husband's abdication
19 March 1747 Stanisław I, 2nd reign
Queen Maria Josepha, Wife of King Augustus III of Poland.jpg Maria Josepha of Austria Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
8 December 1699 20 August 1719 17 January 1734
in Wawel Cathedral
17 November 1757 Augustus III

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bolesław I was married twice before he succeeded his father in 992: with a daughter of Rikdag, Margrave of Meissen (probably called Hunilda or Oda) and with the Hungarian princess Judith, daughter of the Géza, Grand Prince of the Hungarians. Both marriages ended in divorce and because of this, they were not counted as Duchesses of the Polans.