List of Leonese monarchs

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For the musical group, see Kings of Leon.
Escudo de España (mazonado).svg
Lists of monarchs of medieval Spain:
List of Aragonese monarchs
List of Asturian monarchs
List of Castilian monarchs
List of monarchs of al-Andalus
List of Galician monarchs
List of monarchs of Granada
List of Leonese monarchs
List of monarchs of Majorca
List of Navarrese monarchs
List of Valencian monarchs
List of Visigothic monarchs
List of Galician Suebic monarchs
Coat of arms of León with the Royal Crest.

In the reign of Ordoño I of Asturias (850–866), the kingdom began to be known as that of León. In 910, an independent Kingdom of León was founded when the king of Asturias divided his territory amongst his three sons.

Below follows a list of Leonese monarchs. It is, in part, a continuation of the list of Asturian monarchs.

Kings of León[edit]

Astur Dynasty[edit]

Picture Name Birth Reign Death Notes
Ordono1of Asturias.jpg Ordoño I 831 850 – 27 May 866 27 May 866
Alfonso III of Asturias pf.jpg Alfonso III the Great c. 848 866 – 10 December 910 10 December 910
García I, rey de León.jpg García I c. 871 910 – 914 914
OrdoniusII.jpg Ordoño II c. 873 914 – 924 924 also the king of Galicia from 910
Miniatura de Fruela II el Leproso, rey de León.JPG Fruela II c. 875 924 – 925 924 also the king of Galicia from 924 and of Asturias from 910
Alfonso IV de Leon.jpg Alfonso IV the Monk c. 890 924 – 931 933 abdicated
Ramiro2Leon.jpg Ramiro II c. 900 931 – 950 950
Ordono III of León.jpg Ordoño III c. 926 951 – 956 956
Sancho I from Tumbo A of Santiago de Compostela cathedral.JPG Sancho I the Fat ? 956 – 958 966
Ordono IV of Leon big.jpg Ordoño IV the Wicked c. 926 958 – 960 962
Sancho I from Tumbo A of Santiago de Compostela cathedral.JPG Sancho I the Fat ? 960 – 966 966
Ramiro III of León.jpg Ramiro III 961 966 – 984 985
Bermudo II of León.jpg Bermudo II the Gouty 956 982 – 999 999
Alfonso V of León.jpg Alfonso V 994 999 – 1028 1028
Bermudo III de León (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg Bermudo III 1010 1028 – 4 September 1037 4 September 1037

Jiménez Dynasty[edit]

Picture Name Birth Reign Death Notes
Ferdinand Leonsky.jpg Ferdinand I the Great 1017 1037–24 December 1065 24 December 1065
AlfonsoVI of Castile.jpg Alfonso VI before June 1040 24 December 1065 – January 1072 29 June/1 July 1109 deposed by brother
(restored later the same year)
Sancho II de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg Sancho II 1036/1038 January 1072 – 6 October 1072 6 October 1072 also king of Castile (1065–1072)
AlfonsoVI of Castile.jpg Alfonso VI
(again)
before June 1040 6 October 1072 – 29 June/1 July 1109 29 June/1 July 1109 also king of Castile (1072–1109)
UrracaRegina TumboA.jpg Urraca 1082 1109 – 8 March 1126 8 March 1126 also queen of Castile (1109–1126)

House of Burgundy[edit]

The follow dynasts are descendants, in the male line, of Urraca's husband, Raymond of Burgundy.

Picture Name Birth Reign Death Notes
Alfonso VII.jpg Alfonso VII the Emperor 1 March 1105 1135 – 21 August 1157 21 August 1157 also king of Galicia (1111–1157) and king of Castile (1126–1157)
TumboA ferdinand.jpg Ferdinand II 1 March 1137 21 August 1157 – 22 January 1188 22 January 1188
Alfons9.jpg Alfonso IX 15 August 1171 22 January 1188 – 23/24 September 1230 23/24 September 1230
All kings hereafter were also kings of Castile
Fernando III el Santo (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg Ferdinand III the Saint 30 July or 5 August 1199 23/24 September 1230 – 30 May 1252 30 May 1252 also king of Castile from 1217, canonised in 1671
Alfonso X el Sabio (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg Alfonso X the Learned 23 November 1221 30 May 1252 – 4 April 1284 4 April 1284
Sancho IV de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg Sancho IV the Brave 1257 or 1258 4 April 1284 – 25 April 1295 25 April 1295
Fernando IV de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg Ferdinand IV the Summoned 6 December 1285 25 April 1295 – 7 September 1312 7 September 1312
Alfonso XI de Castilla y León.jpg Alfonso XI the Just 13 August 1311 7 September 1312 – 26/27 March 1350 26/27 March 1350
Pedro I de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg Peter the Cruel 30 August 1334 26/27 March 1350–|23 March 1369 23 March 1369

House of Trastámara[edit]

Henry II was the illegitimate son of Alfonso XI. He was made duke of Trastámara.

Picture Name Birth Reign Death Notes
Enrique II de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg Henry II the Bastard 13 January 1334 1369–1379 29 May 1379
Juan I de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg John I 24 August 1358 1379–1390 9 October 1390
Enrique III de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg Henry III the Infirm 4 October 1379 1390–1406 1406
Juan II de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg John II 6 March 1405 1406–1454 20 July 1454
Enrique IV de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg Henry IV the Impotent 5 January 1425 1454–1474 11 December 1474
Isabel la Católica-2.jpg Isabella I the Catholic 22 April 1451 1474–1504 28 November 1504
Johanna I van Castilië.JPG Joanna the Mad 6 November 1479 1504–1555 12 April 1555 She went insane in 1506. Her regents were all family members taking advantage of her illness.
Regents
Juan de Flandes 004.jpg Philip I the Handsome July 22, 1478 1504–1506 September 25, 1506 Joanna's husband
Michel Sittow 004.jpg Ferdinand V the Catholic March 10, 1452 1506–1516 January 23, 1516 Joanna's father
At this time (1516), the union of the Spanish kingdoms is generally called Spain and Charles I is the first King of Spain.
Carlos V pintado por Arias Fernández.jpg Charles I the Emperor 24 February 1500 1516–1556 21 September 1558 Joanna's son, also king in his own right

Suggested reading[edit]

  • Barton, Simon. The Aristocracy in Twelfth-Century León and Castile. Cambridge University Press, 1997. Appendix I: "The Counts of Twelfth Century León and Castile", pp. 235–302.

See also[edit]