Queen of Sheba's Gazelle

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Queen Sheba's gazelle
Conservation status

Extinct  (1951) (IUCN 3.1)[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Antilopinae
Genus: Gazella
Species: G. bilkis
Binomial name
Gazella bilkis
Groves & Lay, 1985

The Queen of Sheba's gazelle or Yemen gazelle (Gazella arabica bilkis), is an extinct subspecies of the Arabian gazelle, which is also extinct. It is sometimes regarded as a species in its own right: Gazella bilkis. It was found on the mountains and hillsides in Yemen, but none has been sighted since 1951, when five specimens were collected in mountains near Ta'izz, where it was reportedly common at the time.[1]

Surveys in the area of their former occurrence have failed to find any sign of its presence.[2] In 1985, a photograph of gazelles was taken in a private collection, Al Wabra Wildlife Farm, in Qatar. Zoologist Colin Groves claims these could possibly be surviving Queen of Sheba's gazelles.[3] It is not confirmed whether these animals truly belong to this species.


  1. ^ a b Participants at the 4th International Conservation Workshop for the Threatened Fauna of Arabia (2008). Gazella bilkis. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 5 January 2009.
  2. ^ Mallon, D.P. and Al-Safadi, M. 2001.Yemen. In: D.P. Mallon and S.C. Kingswood (compilers). 2001. Antelopes. Part 4: North Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. Global Survey and Regional Action Plans, pp. 63-68. IUCN, Gland.
  3. ^ Research in Arabia, 1987 and 1992: visits to King Khalid and National Wildlife Research Centres (Saudi Arabia), Al Wabra Wildlife Farm (Qatar), Al-Areen Wildlife Park and Reserve (Bahrain) and Al Ain Zoo (United Arab Emirates). Downloaded on 29 December 2006 from http://arts.anu.edu.au/grovco/Arabia.htm