Queens' College, Cambridge
|Colleges of the University of Cambridge
|Full name||The Queen's College of St Margaret and St Bernard, commonly called Queens' College, in the University of Cambridge|
|Founders||Margaret of Anjou (1448)
Elizabeth Woodville (1465)
|Named after||Margaret the Virgin;
Bernard of Clairvaux
|Admission||Men and women|
|President||The Lord Eatwell|
|Sister college||Pembroke College, Oxford
Ezra Stiles College, Yale
|Location||Silver Street (map)|
(Latin, "May this house flourish")
|Boat Club website|
Queens' College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England. It is amongst the oldest and largest colleges of the University, founded in 1448 by Margaret of Anjou (the Queen of Henry VI, who founded nearby King's College), and has some of the most recognisable buildings in Cambridge. The college spans both sides of the river Cam, colloquially referred to as the "light side" and the "dark side", with the world famous Mathematical Bridge connecting the two. Queens' College has been a centre of learning for more than 550 years and its distinguished alumni include Desiderius Erasmus, Stephen Fry, Abba Eban and T. H. White. The College has a financial endowment valued at £54.9 million 
The college was founded in 1448 by Margaret of Anjou (the Queen of Henry VI), and refounded in 1465 by Elizabeth Woodville (the Queen of Edward IV). This dual foundation is reflected in its orthography: Queens', not Queen's, although the full name is The Queen's College of St Margaret and St Bernard, commonly called Queens' College, in the University of Cambridge.
In 1446 Andrew Dokett obtained a Charter from King Henry VI to found St Bernard's College on a site now part of St Catharine's College. A year later the charter was revoked and Andrew Dokett obtained a new charter from the king to found St Bernard's College on the present site of Old Court and Cloister Court. In 1448 King Henry VI granted Margaret of Anjou the lands of St Bernard's College to build a new college to be called Queen's College of St Margaret and St Bernard.
By 1460 the Library, Chapel, Gatehouse and the President's Lodge were completed and the chapel licensed for service. In 1477 and 1484 King Richard III made large endowments to the college, which were later taken away by King Henry VII. Between that time and the early 1600s many improvements were made and new buildings constructed, including the Walnut Tree Building, which was completed in 1618. Since then the college has refurbished most of its old building and steadily expanded.
During the English civil war, the college sent all its silver to help the King. As a result the president and the fellows were ejected from their posts. In 1660 the president was restored.
In 1777 a fire in the Walnut-Tree Building destroyed the upper floors which had to be rebuilt 1778-82.
In 1823 the spelling of the college's name officially changed from Queen's to Queens'. The earliest known record of the college Boat Club dates from 1831. In 1862 the St Bernard Society, the debating club of the college was founded. In 1884 was the first football match played by the college team. Also in 1884, the St Margaret Society was founded.
In 1980, the first woman was admitted to the college.
These arms are those of the first foundress Queen, Margaret of Anjou, which she derived from those of her father Rene, Duke of Anjou, with the addition of a green border for the College. The six quarters of these arms represent the six lordships (either actual or titular) which he claimed. The green border appears to be intended as a difference for Queens' College. These arms are of interest because the third quarter (Jerusalem) uses gold on silver, a combination which is extremely rare in heraldry. The cross potent is a visual pun on the letters H and I, the first two letters of Hierusalem.
The College Badge 
These are not the official arms of the College, but, rather, a badge. The silver boar's head was the badge of King Richard III of England. Richard's wife Anne Neville was the third Queen consort to be patroness of the College. The earliest evidence of the college using a boar's head as a symbol is from 1544. The gold cross stands for St Margaret, and the gold crozier for St Bernard, the two patron saints of Queens' College. Today, this badge is widely used by College Clubs, and also appears in connection with food or dining.
Buildings and location 
Queens' College has some of the most recognisable buildings in Cambridge. It combines medieval and modern architecture in extensive gardens. It sits astride the River Cam, its two halves joined across the river by the famous Mathematical Bridge. Queens' College is located in the centre of the city. It is the second southernmost of the colleges on the banks of the Cam, primarily on the East bank. (The others — in distance order — are King's, Clare, Trinity Hall, Trinity, St John's, and Magdalene to the north and Darwin to the south.)
President's Lodge of Queens' is the oldest building on the river at Cambridge (ca. 1460). Queens' College is also one of only two colleges with buildings on its main site on both sides of the River Cam (the other being St John's).
Old Court was built between 1448 and 1451. Stylistic matters suggest that this was designed by and built under the direction of the master mason Reginald Ely, who was also at the same time erecting the original Old Court of King's College (now part of the University Old Schools opposite Clare College), and the start of King's College Chapel. Whereas King's was built using very expensive stone, Queens' Old Court was made using cheaper clunch with a red brick skin. Queens' was finished within two years, whereas King's Old Court was never finished, and the chapel took nearly a century to build.
Cloister Court: the Cloister walks were erected in the 1490s to connect the Old Court of 1448/9 with the riverside buildings of the 1460s, thus forming the court now known as Cloister Court.
Walnut Tree Court was erected 1616–18. Walnut Tree Building on the East side of the court dates from around 1617 and was the work of the architects Gilbert Wragge and Henry Mason at a cost of £886.9s. Only the ground floor of the original construction remains after a fire in 1777, so it was rebuilt from the first floor upwards between 1778–1782, and battlements were added to it in 1823. This court was formerly the site of a Carmelite monastery founded in 1292, but is now the location of the College Chapel and various fellows' rooms. The present walnut tree in the court stands on the line of a former wall of the monastery, and was a replacement form an older one in the same position after which the court was named.
The College Chapel in Walnut Tree Court was designed by George Frederick Bodley and consecrated in 1891. It follows the traditional College Chapel form of an aisleless nave with rows of pews on either side, following the plan of monasteries, reflecting the origins of many Colleges as a place for training priests for the ministry. The triptych of paintings on the altarpiece panel may have originally been part of a set of five paintings, are late 15th Century Flemish, and are attributed to the 'master of the View of St Gudule'. They depict, from left to right, the Agony in the Garden of Gethsemane, the Resurrection of Jesus, and Christ's Appearance to the Disciples.
Essex Building, erected 1756–60, is so named after its builder, James Essex the Younger (1722–1784), a local carpenter who had earlier erected the wooden bridge.
Friar's Court: in response to the college's growth in student numbers during the 19th century, the President's second garden was taken as the site for new student accommodation called Friars' Building, designed by W. M. Fawcett and built in 1886. It is flanked on the East by the Dokett Building, designed by Cecil Greenwood Hare and built in 1912 from thin red Daneshill brick with Corsham stone dressings and mullioned windows. The Erasmus Building completes what it now called Friar's Court on the West. It was designed by Sir Basil Spence and erected in 1959, and is notable for being the first college building on the Backs to be designed in the Modernist tradition.
Fisher Building, named after St John Fisher, was erected in 1936 and designed by G.C. Drinkwater. It continued the Queens' tradition of red brick. The window frames are of teak, and all internal woodwork is oak. It was the first student accommodation in Queens' to lie west of the river andwas also the first building in Queens' to have bathrooms and toilets on the staircase landings close to the student rooms. These were so clearly evident that it prompted an observer at that time to comment that the building "seemed to have been designed by a sanitary engineer".
Cripps Court, incorporating Lyon Court (named after Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, the Queen Mother), was designed by Powell, Moya and Partners and built in stages between 1972 and 1980. It is rather brutalistic architecture and houses a bar, creche, and gymnasium with squash courts, 171 student bedrooms, three Fellows' Flats, a solarium, Dining Hall and kitchens, various function rooms, a large multipurpose auditorium (The Fitzpatrick Hall) and three Combination Rooms (Junior for undergraduate students, Middle for Postgraduates, and Senior for Fellows of the College). It was the benefaction of the Cripps Foundation and was the largest building ever put up by the College. A fourth floor was added in 2007, providing student accommodation and fellows' offices. Disabled access ramps and security doors were added in 2010.
The Mathematical Bridge 
The Mathematical Bridge (officially named the Wooden Bridge) crosses the River Cam and connects the older half of the college (affectionately referred to by students as The Dark Side) with the newer, western, half (The Light Side, officially known as 'The Island'). It is one of the most photographed scenes in Cambridge; the typical photo being taken from the nearby Silver Street bridge.
Popular fable is that the bridge was designed and built by Sir Isaac Newton without the use of nuts or bolts, and at some point in the past students or fellows attempted to take the bridge apart and put it back together. The myth continues that the over-ambitious engineers were unable to match Newton's feat of engineering, and had to resort to fastening the bridge by nuts and bolts. This is why nuts and bolts can be seen in the bridge today. This story is false: the bridge was built of oak in 1749 by James Essex the Younger (1722–1784) to the design of the master carpenter William Etheridge (1709–1776), 22 years after Newton died.
It was later repaired in 1866 due to decay and had to be completely rebuilt in 1905. The rebuild was to the same design except made from teak, and the stepped walkway was made sloped for increased wheelchair access. A handrail was added on one side to facilitate the Queen Mother crossing the bridge on her visits to the college. The ever-present boltheads are more visible in the post-1905 bridge which may have given rise to this failed reassembly myth.
Education at Queens' 
Queens' College accepts students from all academic disciplines, except the combination of Education with English and Drama. The only condition for admission is academic potential. Similar to other Cambridge colleges, all candidates go through an interview process. Undergraduate applicants in Computer Science, Economics and Engineering are expected to have taken the Thinking Skills Assessment before they can be admitted.
As in all other Cambridge colleges, undergraduate education is based on the tutorial system. The faculty and academic supervisors associated with the colleges play a very important part in the academic success of students. The college maintains strong ties with Cambridge Judge Business School and has a growing graduate community, including a lively mix of doctoral, medical and PGCE students.
Student life and college traditions 
Despite being an ancient college, Queens' is known for being among the more open and relaxed Cambridge colleges. The college provides facilities to support most sports and arts. There are a variety of clubs ranging from rowing to wine tasting. Undergraduates are guaranteed accommodation on the main College site for three years, while graduates usually live in College residence located in Newnham village, a fifteen-minute walk from the central site. The College also owns several houses and flats in Cambridge, which are usually occupied by doctoral students and married couples.
Queens' has very active student societies, known as the Junior Combination Room and the Middle Combination Room, which represent the students and organise various activities for undergraduate and graduate students respectively. The college hosts a lavish May Ball. Florence And The Machine, Bombay Bicycle Club, Kaiser Chiefs, Alex Clare and Klaxons have played at the event. 2013 marks the centenary of Queens' May Ball, the event will be white tie, entertainment will include Bastille.
Queens' has a strong reputation for music and drama, with the Fitzpatrick Hall providing theatre and concert space for students and societies from across the University.
College Grace 
The College Grace is customarily said before and after dinner in Hall. The reading of Grace before dinner (ante prandium) is usually the duty of a Scholar of the College; Grace after dinner (post prandium) is said by the President or the Senior Fellow dining. The Grace is said shortly after the fellows enter the Hall, signalled by the sounding of a Gong. The Ante Prandium is read after the Fellows have entered, the Post Prandium after they have finished dining. However, the last Grace is almost never used. A simpler English after dinner Grace is now said:
For these and all his mercies, for the Queens our Foundresses and for our other Benefactors, God's holy name be blessed and praised. God preserve our Queen and Church.
|Benedic, Domine, nos et dona tua, quae de largitate tua sumus sumpturi, et concede, ut illis salubriter nutriti tibi debitum obsequium praestare valeamus, per Christum Dominum nostrum.||Bless, O Lord, us and your gifts, which from your bounty we are about to receive, and grant that, healthily nourished by them, we may render you due obedience, through Christ our Lord.|
|Gratias tibi agimus, sempiterne Deus, quod tam benigne hoc tempore nos pascere dignatus es, benedicentes sanctum nomen tuum pro Reginis, Fundatricibus nostris caeterisque Benefactoribus,quorum beneficiis hic ad pietatem et studia literarum alimur, petimusque ut nos, his donis ad tuam gloriam recte utentes, una cum illis qui in fide Christi decesserunt, ad coelestem vitam perducamur, per Christum Dominum nostrum.
Deus, salvam fac Reginam atque Ecclesiam.
|We give you thanks, eternal God, that so kindly at this time you have deigned to feed us,
blessing your holy name for the Queens, our Foundresses, and our other Benefactors, by whose benefits we are nourished here towards piety and the study of letters, and we ask that we, rightly using these gifts for your glory, together with those who have died in the faith of Christ, may be brought to the life in heaven, through Christ our Lord.
God preserve the Queen and Church.
In popular culture 
- Darkness at Pemberley (1932 novel) by T. H. White features St Bernard's College, a fictionalised version of Queens' College.
- Eskimo Day (1996 TV Drama), written by Jack Rosenthal, and starring Maureen Lipman, Tom Wilkinson, and Alec Guinness, is about the relationship between parents and teenagers during an admissions interview day at Queens’ College. There was also a sequel, Cold Enough for Snow (1997).
- Starter for 10 (2006 film) starring (James McAvoy) includes the filming of a University Challenge episode between Queens' College and Bristol University.
- In Kingdom (2007-2009 TV series), created by Simon Wheeler and Alan Whiting, solicitor Peter Kingdom (played by Stephen Fry) and his brother (Dominic Mafham) are both Cambridge graduates. In the fourth episode of the first series, Kingdom returns to Cambridge and meets his old tutor (Richard Wilson), when one of his clients alleges that her daughter has been rejected by his old college purely because of her working-class background. Although the college is never identified, it is Queens', where Fry himself was a student, that appears on screen.
Notable former students 
Erasmus, humanist, priest, social critic, teacher, and theologian.
Edward de Vere, English peer and courtier of the Elizabethan era.
John Whitgift, Archbishop of Canterbury.
Abba Eban, one of the most influential Israeli politicians.
Stephen Fry, actor, author and comedian.
Awn Shawkat Al-Khasawneh, former Prime Minister of Jordan.
Michael Foale, a NASA astronaut.
Sir Richard Dearlove, former head of MI6.
Prince Salman bin Hamad al Khalifa, Crown Prince of Bahrain.
José A. Cabranes, a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
Lord Falconer, former Lord Chancellor.
Paul Greengrass, Oscar-nominated film director and screenwriter.
Vuk Jeremić, President of the United Nations General Assembly.
Mohamed A. El-Erian, CEO and co-CIO of PIMCO.
Emily Maitlis, a British journalist and newsreader.
Simon Bird, English actor and comedian.
|Desiderius Erasmus||1466||1536||Humanist, theologian, philosopher|
|John Frith||1503||1533||Writer, church reformer|
|John Lambert||1539||Theologian, heretic|
|John Whitgift||1530||1604||Archbishop of Canterbury|
|Thomas Digges||1546||1595||English mathematician and astronomer; first to expound the Copernican system in English|
|Sir Oliver Cromwell||1566||1655||English landowner, lawyer and politician member of the House of Commons|
|John Hall||1575||1635||Notable physician|
|John Goodwin||1594||1665||Preacher, theologian and prolific author|
|Thomas Horton||1603||1649||Prominent leader in the English Civil War, commissioner of the High Court of Justice.|
|Charles Bridges||1794||1869||Preacher, theologian and writer, leader of the Evangelical Party of the Church of England.|
|Thomas Hingston||1799||1837||Antiquarian, physician, writer|
|Alexander Crummell||1819||1898||Priest, African nationalist|
|Thomas Nettleship Staley||1823||1898||Bishop|
|Frank Rutter||1836||1937||Art critic, curator, writer, activist|
|Osborne Reynolds||1842||1912||Innovator in the understanding of fluid dynamics, heat transfer|
|Charles Villiers Stanford||1852||1924||Music composer|
|Andrew Munro||1869||1935||Fellow, Lecturer in Mathematics, and Brusar at Queens' College, Cambridge|
|Charles Seltman||1886||1957||Author and Archeologist|
|Sir Roland Penrose||1900||1984||Artist, historian and poet, major promoter and collector of modern art and an associate of the surrealists.|
|T. H. White||1906||1964||Writer, best known for his sequence of Arthurian novels.|
|Sir Arthur Mooring||1908||1969||KBE|
|Lesslie Newbigin||1909||1998||Bishop, missiologist, writer|
|M. S. Bartlett||1910||2002||Statistician; made significant contributions to the analysis spatial and temporal patterns|
|Cyril Bibby||1914||1987||Biologist, one of the first sexologists|
|Arnold W. G. Kean||1914||2000||Pioneer of civil aviation law|
|Abba Eban||1915||2002||Israeli diplomat and politician|
|Sir Stephen Brown||1924||Former President of the Family Division of the High Court.|
|Kenneth Wedderburn||1927||2012||British politician, member of the House of Lords|
|David Hatch||1939||2007||BBC Radio executive|
|Richard Dearlove||1945||Head of MI6|
|Lord Eatwell||1945||British economist|
|Derek Lewis||1946||Chief Executive of the UK Prison Service|
|Stephen Lander||1947||Head of MI5|
|Richard Hickox||1948||2008||Conductor of choral, orchestral and operatic music.|
|John E. Baldwin||1949||Pioneer of radio astronomy|
|Awn Shawkat Al-Khasawneh||1950||Prime Minister of Jordan, Vice-President of the International Court of Justice|
|John McCallum||1950||Canadian politician and academic|
|Lord Falconer||1951||Lord Chancellor, Secretary of State for Justice|
|Nicholas Campion||1953||Cultural historian|
|Paul Greengrass||1955||Writer and film director|
|Michael Foale||1957||Astrophysicist and astronaut|
|Stephen Fry||1957||Comedian, writer, actor, novelist|
|John Sherrington||1958||Auxiliary Bishop-elect of Westminster|
|Mohamed El-Erian||1958||CEO of PIMCO, economist and investment analyst|
|Andrew Bailey||1959||Executive Director and Chief Cashier of the Bank of England.|
|Peter Jukes||1960||Author, playwright, literary critic|
|Peter Clarke||1961||Hedge Fund Investor, CEO of Man Group|
|David Ruffley||1962||Member of Parliament|
|Tom Holland||1968||Author and historian|
|Prince Salman bin Hamad al Khalifa||1969||Crown Prince of Bahrain and deputy Supreme Commander of the Bahrain defence force|
|Stephen Kinnock||1970||Son of former Labour Party leader, husband of Danish Prime Minister and a director of the World Economic Forum|
|Sam Lotu-Iiga||1970||New Zealand Member of Parliament|
|Emily Maitlis||1970||Newsreader and journalist|
|Liz Kendall||1971||Labour Party frontbench politician|
|Vuk Jeremić||1975||President of the United Nations General Assembly and former Serbian Minister of Foreign Affairs|
|Khalid Abdalla||1980||Actor known for United 93, Kite Runner and Green Zone|
|Brent Barton||1980||Member of Oregon House of Representatives|
|Mark Watson||1980||Comedian, novelist|
|Lucy Caldwell||1981||Novelist and playwright|
|Simon Bird||1984||Actor in E4 comedy series The Inbetweeners|
|Hannah Murray||1989||Actress in award-winning teenage series Skins|
List of royal patrons 
The college enjoyed royal patronage in its early years. Then, after a 425 year break, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon became the college patron to mark the quincentenary of the College's foundation. A portrait of the late Queen Mother by June Mendoza hangs in the Senior Combination Room and the most recent court to be built in college, Lyon Court, is named after her. Since 2003 Queen Elizabeth II has been a patron of the college.
|Margaret of Anjou||1429–1482||Queen consort of France, Queen consort of England|
|Elizabeth Woodville||1437–1492||Queen consort of England as the spouse of King Edward IV|
|Anne Neville||1456–1485||Princess of Wales as the wife of Edward of Westminster and Queen of England as the wife of King Richard III|
|Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon||1900–2002||The Queen Mother, Queen consort of King George VI, patron from 1948 until her death.|
|HM Queen Elizabeth II||1926 -||Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms, patron from 2003 onward.|
|Andrew Dokett||1448–1484||English churchman and academic|
|Thomas Wilkynson||1484–1505||Vicar and Rector of Harrow, Middx., of Orpington, Kent., of Wimbledon, Surrey, of Ecton, Northants, Dean of Shoreham, Kent, Canon of Ripon.|
|John Cardinal Fisher, Martyr and Saint||1505–1508||Catholic Bishop of Rochester; executed by Henry VIII for refusing to accept him as head of the Church of England in 1535, canonised in 1935. Namesake of the Fisher Building.|
|Robert Bekensaw||1508–1519||English churchman and academic|
|Thomas Farman||1525–1527||Rector of All Hallows, London. Early Reformer.|
|William Frankleyn||1527–1529||English churchman, dean of Windsor|
|Simon Heynes||1529–1537||Theologian. Early reformer.|
|William May||1537–1553, 1559–1560||Theologian and dean of St Paul's Cathedral; his report saved the Cambridge colleges from dissolution under Henry VIII|
|William Glyn||1553–1557||Also Bishop of Bangor|
|John Stokes||1560–1568||Also Archdeacon of York|
|William Chaderton||1568–1579||Later Bishop of Chester and Bishop of Lincoln|
|John Davenant||1614–1622||Later Bishop of Salisbury|
|John Mansell||1622–1631||English churchman, theologian, philosopher|
|Edward Martin||1631–1644, 1660–1662||Sent the college silver to King Charles I; imprisoned in the Tower of London by Oliver Cromwell; escaped, recaptured and released; restored to presidency under Charles II|
|Herbert Palmer||1644–1647||Puritan and member of the Westminster Assembly; installed as President by Cromwell|
|Thomas Horton||1647–1660||Theologian; removed by the restoration of the monarchy|
|Anthony Sparrow||1662–1667||Later Bishop of Exeter and Bishop of Norwich|
|William Wells||1667–1675||Archdeacon of Colchester|
|John Davies||1717–1732||Philosopher, Churchman|
|Robert Plumptre||1760–1788||English churchman and academic|
|Isaac Milner||1788–1820||Mathematician, an inventor. Lucasian Professor of Mathematics|
|Henry Godfrey||1820–1832||English academic|
|Joshua King||1832–1857||Lucasian Professor of Mathematics|
|George Phillips||1857–1892||Author in Mathematics and Oriental languages|
|William Campion||1892–1896||British politician and Governor of Western Australia from 1924 to 1931.|
|Herbert Ryle||1896–1901||Later Bishop of Exeter, Bishop of Winchester and Dean of Westminster|
|Frederic Henry Chase||1901–1906||Later Bishop of Ely|
|Thomas Fitzpatrick||1906–1931||Namesake of the Fitzpatrick Hall in Cripps Court|
|John Archibald Venn||1931–1958||British economist. Son of the logician John Venn|
|Arthur Armitage||1958–1970||Namesake of the Armitage Room above the Fitzpatrick Hall|
|Sir Derek Bowett||1970–1982||International lawyer|
|Lord Ernest Oxburgh||1982–1988||Eminent geologist and geophysicist|
|Sir John Polkinghorne||1988–1996||KBE; FRS; physicist and theologian; extensive writer on science-faith relations; Templeton Prize 2002; member of General Synod|
|Lord John Leonard Eatwell||1997 –||Baron Eatwell; member of the House of Lords; previously chief economic adviser to Neil Kinnock and chairman of the British Library; Opposition Spokesman for the Treasury in the House of Lords.|
College officials 
See also 
- The Queen's College, Oxford
- Mathematical Bridge
- List of organ scholars
- Queens' College Chapel Choir, Cambridge
- Queens' College Boat Club
- "Queens College Homepage". Queens College.
- "That Apostrophe". Queens' College website. Retrieved 3 August 2009.
- "President's Lodge". Queens' College. Retrieved 29 January 2009.[dead link]
- http://www.quns.cam.ac.uk/page-244 Queens' website list of presidents
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Queens' College, Cambridge|
- Queens' College website
- Queens' College Student Union (JCR)
- Queens' College Graduate Student Union (MCR)
- The College's larger list of eminent alumni