Queets River

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Coordinates: 47°32′40″N 124°21′22″W / 47.54444°N 124.35611°W / 47.54444; -124.35611
Queets River
Queets river.jpg
Name origin: K'witzqu or quitzqu, Quinault for "out of the first of the skin".[1]
Country United States
State Washington
County Jefferson
Tributaries
 - left Tshetshy Creek, Sams River, Salmon River
 - right Clearwater River
Source Humes Glacier, Mount Olympus
 - location Olympic Mountains
 - elevation 4,230 ft (1,289 m) [2]
 - coordinates 47°47′21″N 123°36′28″W / 47.78917°N 123.60778°W / 47.78917; -123.60778 [3]
Mouth Pacific Ocean
 - location Near Queets, Washington
 - elevation 0 ft (0 m)
 - coordinates 47°32′40″N 124°21′22″W / 47.54444°N 124.35611°W / 47.54444; -124.35611 [3]
Length 52.8 mi (85 km) [4]
Basin 204 sq mi (528 km2) [5]
Discharge for USGS gage 12040500, river mile 4.6
 - average 4,347 cu ft/s (123.1 m3/s) [6]
 - max 133,000 cu ft/s (3,766.1 m3/s)
 - min 281 cu ft/s (8 m3/s)
Mouth of the Queets River in Washington
Landslide on the Queets River Road, in the winter of 2006. The road has since been rerouted.

The Queets River is a river in the U.S. state of Washington. It is located on the Olympic Peninsula, mostly within the Olympic National Park and empties into the Pacific Ocean.

The Queets River is 52.8 miles (85.0 km) long.[4] Its drainage basin is 204 square miles (530 km2) in area.[5] Its main tributaries include the Clearwater River, Salmon River, Sams River, Matheny Creek, and Tshetshy Creek, as well as the Clearwater's main tributaries, the Snahapish River and Solleks River.[4]

History[edit]

According to Queets and Quinault legend, river was originally called K'witzqu or quitzqu, pronounced "Kw-ā-tz", meaning "out of the dirt of the skin". The legend tells of Kwate, the changer, or s'qitu, the Great Spirit and Transformer, came to the mouth of the Queets River. After fording the cold river he rubbed his legs to restore circulation, small rolls of dirt formed under his hand. He threw them into the water and from them a man and a woman came forth, who became the ancestors of the Queets people. Kwate told them they would remain on the river and would be known as K'witzqu, because of the dirt from which your skin was made.[1] According to William Bright the river's name comes from the Quinault word /q'ʷícx̣ʷ/, meaning "dirt".[7]

The name "Queets River" first appeared on the Surveyor General's map of Washington Territory and was later applied to other features. The word "Queets" was derived from the name of the Quai'tso tribe (Queets). Despite the name Queets River appearing on official maps, settlers called it Big River for many years, in contrast to its tributary the Clearwater River, which was called the Little River.[1]

Course[edit]

The Queets River originates at the foot of the Humes Glacier on the southeast side of Mount Olympus in the Olympic Mountains. It is also fed by Jeffers Glacier, on the south side of Mount Olympus, and Queets Glacier, on the north side of Mount Queets.[8] The river flows through a narrow canyon to just below Paull Creek, where the valley opens up a bit. From there the river flows generally west to just below Kilkelly Creek, then south to just below Alta Creek, where the valley opens up into a U-shaped valley glacial river valley. The Queets then flows generally southwest, collecting numerous tributaries including the Clearwater River, Salmon River, and Sams River before emptying into the Pacific Ocean near the community of Queets.

Nearly all of the river is within Olympic National Park. The last 4 miles (6.4 km) are outside the park, within the Quinault Indian reservation. A short portion of the river near its mouth is within Grays Harbor County while the rest is in Jefferson County.

Natural history[edit]

The Queets River is unusual in being a large river flowing through a relatively low-gradient, heavily forested alluvial valley. The forests on the western side of the Olympic Mountains have one of the highest rates of biomass production per unit area in North America. Discharge rates in the winter can be very high, sometimes with surges up to or over 100,000 cubic feet per second (2,800 m3/s).[6] This combination results in frequent log jams and new channels. The river is not kept clear of woody debris, making it one of the few North American rivers of its size in which large log jams are common.[9] The USGS operates a stream gage 4.6 miles (7.4 km) above the mouth of the Queets, 2.4 miles (3.9 km) downriver from the mouth of the Clearwater River. The mean annual discharge recorded over the lifetime of this gage up to 2009, is 4,347 cubic feet per second (123.1 m3/s). The peak maximum discharge was 133,000 cubic feet per second (3,800 m3/s), recorded on December 15, 1999. The maximum daily mean discharge was 91,100 cubic feet per second (2,580 m3/s), recorded on March 19, 1997. A minimum daily mean discharge of 281 cubic feet per second (8.0 m3/s) was recorded from September 25–28, 2005.[6]

Recreation[edit]

Another view of the Queets River.

There is a primitive National Park Service campground at the end of the Queets River Road. The Queets River Trail begins on the north bank of the river, across from the campground, and follows the river about 16 miles (26 km) upstream. Access to the trailhead requires fording the Queets River, which can be treacherous. There are primitive campsites along the trail at the Lower Crossing Way Trail junction and Spruce Bottom.

The river is runnable by kayak or canoe from the campground to the Highway 101 bridge (roughly 19 miles (31 km)), but is replete with hazards, mainly in the form of log jams.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Parratt, Smitty (1984). Gods & goblins: A Field Guide to Place Names of Olympic National Park. CP Publications. p. 137. ISBN 0-914195-00-X. 
  2. ^ Source elevation derived from Google Earth search using GNIS source coordinates.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Queets River
  4. ^ a b c "National Hydrography Dataset". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 4 September 2010.  ArcExplorer GIS data viewer.
  5. ^ a b "Watershed Boundary Dataset". USDA, NRCS, National Cartography & Geospatial Center. Retrieved 4 September 2010.  ArcExplorer GIS data viewer.
  6. ^ a b c "Water resources data for the United States, Water Year 2009; gage 12040500, Queets River near Clearwater, WA". USGS. Retrieved 6 September 2010. 
  7. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 403. ISBN 978-0-8061-3598-4. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  8. ^ USGS topographic maps
  9. ^ Abbe, Tim B.; David R. Montgomery (2003). "Patterns and processes of wood debris accumulation in the Queets river basin, Washington". Geomorphology 51: 81–107. doi:10.1016/S0169-555X(02)00326-4. Retrieved 2008-10-04. 

External links[edit]