Gonzalo Queipo de Llano

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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Queipo de Llano and the second or maternal family name is Sierra.
Gonzalo Queipo de Llano
Birth name Gonzalo Queipo de Llano y Sierra
Born (1875-02-05)February 5, 1875
Tordesillas, Castilla y León, Spain
Died March 9, 1951(1951-03-09) (aged 76)
Seville, Andalucia, Spain
Buried at La Macarena Basilica, Seville, Andalusia, Spain (37°24′09″N 5°59′22″W / 37.402525°N 5.989407°W / 37.402525; -5.989407)
Allegiance Spain Kingdom of Spain (1896–1931)
 Spanish Republic (1931–1936)
 Nationalist Spain (1936–1939)
Service/branch Spanish Army
Years of service 1896–1939
Rank Captain General
Commands held Nationalist Army of the South
Captain General of Andalusia
Captain General of Madrid
Battles/wars Spanish-American War
Rif War
Spanish Civil War
Awards Laureate Cross of Saint Ferdinand (Grand Cross)
Order of Military Merit (Grand Cross)

Gonzalo Queipo de Llano y Sierra, 1st Marquis of Queipo de Llano (February 5, 1875 – March 9, 1951) was a Spanish military leader who rose to prominence during Francisco Franco's coup d'état and the subsequent Spanish Civil War.

A career Army man, de Llano was a brigadier general in 1923 when he began to speak out against the army and Miguel Primo de Rivera. Demoted, he served three years in prison but refused to stop criticizing even on his release, as a result of which he was dismissed altogether in 1928. In 1930, he became a revolutionary but on a failed attempt to overthrow King Alfonso XIII, he fled to Portugal. He returned to his native land in 1931 after the departure of Alfonso XIII and assumed command of the 1st Military District of the Spanish Republican Army. Even as he rose in prominence, he remained critical of the shifting governments, joining in on a plot to overthrow the Popular Front government in May, 1936.[1]

During the Spanish Civil War, de Llano secured the capture of Seville with a force of at least 4,000 troops. There, he ordered mass killings.[2][3] Subsequently, he was appointed the commander of the Nationalist Army of the South. His influence began to decline in February 1938, when Francisco Franco named himself Sole Head of the New State and appointed his brother-in-law Ramón Serrano Súñer Minister of the Interior and Propaganda.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jackson, Gabriel. The Spanish Republic and the Spanish Civil War, 1931-1939. Princeton University Press. Princeton. 1967. p. 225.
  2. ^ Preston, Paul. The Spanish civil war. Reaction, revolution and revenge. Harper Perennial. London. 2006. p. 106.
  3. ^ Preston, Paul. 2012. The Spanish Holocaust. Harper Press. London. p. 330-331.

Further reading[edit]

  • Gabriel Jackson, (1965). The Spanish Republic and the Civil War, 1931–1939. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-00757-8. OCLC 185862219, another edition, 1967.
  • Ronald Radosh; Mary Habeck, Grigory Sevostianov (2001). Spain Betrayed: The Soviet Union in the Spanish Civil War with Mary R. Habeck and Grigorii Nikolaevich Sevostianov. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-08981-3. OCLC 186413320
  • Hugh Thomas. The Spanish civil war. Penguin books. London. 2003, 4th edition. (1961, 1987, 2003). London: Penguin. ISBN 0-14-101161-0. OCLC 248799351.
Spanish nobility
New creation Count of Queipo de Llano
1 April 1950 – 9 March 1951
Succeeded by
Gonzalo Queipo de Llano y Martí