A quenelle (French pronunciation: [kə.nɛl]) is a mixture of creamed fish, chicken, or meat, sometimes combined with breadcrumbs, with a light egg binding. It is usually poached. Formerly, quenelles were often used as a garnish in haute cuisine; today, they are usually served on their own.
Lyon and Nantua are famous for their quenelles de brochet (mousseline) (pike quenelles), often served with cream sauce and run under the salamander grill. Pike has many small bones, so passing it through a tamis is an expeditious way of removing them.
It can also be served vegetarian, or "nature".
There are many ways to prepare quenelles de brochet, but most recipes first prepare a panade, essentially a white sauce, then combine the panade with fish, and put the mixture through a sieve, yielding a farce. The quenelles are formed from the farce and poached. They may be served sauced and grilled, or with a variety of sauces.
- Larousse Gastronomique, 1961
- Dictionaire Général pour la maîtrise de la langue française la culture classique et contemporaine. Larousse. 1993. p. 1297. ISBN 2-03-320300-X.; Petit Robert, 1972; Oxford English Dictionary, Draft Revision, Dec. 2007; the old Larousse Gastronomique, however, reports that some writers trace it to an Old English word knyll.
- Ann Pringle Harries, "Fare of the Country: Delicate Pike Quenelles, a Lyons Tradition", New York Times, August 4, 1991