Quenington

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Quenington
Knights Hospitallers Gateway (geograph 1898405).jpg
Knights Hospitallers' Gateway, circa 12th century, Quenington village centre
Quenington is located in Gloucestershire
Quenington
Quenington
 Quenington shown within Gloucestershire
Population 603 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SP144044
Civil parish Quenington
District Cotswold
Shire county Gloucestershire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district GL7
Dialling code 01285
Police Gloucestershire
Fire Gloucestershire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
List of places
UK
England
Gloucestershire

Coordinates: 51°44′10″N 1°47′31″W / 51.736°N 1.792°W / 51.736; -1.792

St Swithin Church is as with the gatehouse and dovecote above medieval and Grade I listed.

Quenington is a nucleated village and larger rural civil parish in the Cotswold district of Gloucestershire, England centred 8 miles (13 km) east of Cirencester and 2 miles (3.2 km) north of Fairford. It has a medieval large dovecote above a gatehouse and St Swithin's Church of England parish church built mainly in the late 11th century, subsequently partly having undergone Victorian restoration and nonetheless listed in the highest category of listed building, Grade I. It has a recorded population of 603 people as at the 2011 census.[1] In land use this and adjoining parts of the Cotswolds have almost wholly been turned over from forest to agriculture, landscape parks and private or semi-private gardens. It has a village hall, a pub and a village green in community events and attractions. Its economy has been transformed to render agriculture a minor but physically evident employer across most of the area. Short-distance commuter and working-from-home groups of the working age part of the population are approximately equal, together accounting for approximately 88% of the working age population in 2001, a significant minority of whom work in the district's leisure, food and hospitality sector. The Cotswold Water Park is to the south and crest of hills to the north and west.

History[edit]

There is some mystery surrounding the origins of the name of the village, it is thought that Quenington could have been developed from Connington, meaning settlement on the river Coln which flows through Quenington.[2] Quenington is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 in relation to 2 mills at either end of the village. One of which was a water mill and the other a fulling mill, in modern day both are now private residences.[3]

John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870 describes Quenington as:

"QUENINGTON, a village and a parish in Cirencester district, Gloucester. The village stands on the Fosseway and the river Coln, 2 miles N. of Fairford, and 8 E. by N. of Cirencester"[4]
This is an excerpt of an historical map in which Quenington can be seen.

Economy[edit]

See also: Cotswolds

The main economy of 1881 was based around agriculture. Also a large proportion of the population had an unknown occupation, they may have been involved in various miscellaneous workings or were simply unemployed at the time. There was a high proportion of females working in the domestic or office sector at the time. [5] As of 2011 the majority of people work in business, manufacturing and retail. Agriculture now employs 17 people of a population of 603 compared to 61 in 1881 with a population of 380. [6] The change in occupation can be credited to advances in the internet and automotive travel. It is recorded that in 2001 of a working population of 203, the bulk of which split into 43% who worked from home and 46% who travelled 2 to 20 kilometres to work.[7]

A chart showing occupational structure of males and females of Quenington in 1881 according to The Vision of Britain website
A chart showing occupational structure of Quenington in 2011 according to the Neighbourhood Statistics website

Population[edit]

The population of Quenington in 1801 was 1,326 and steadily grew up until 1851 when the population was 1,859 but the next records in 1881 show a population drop of 1,479 to 380. This could be due to various conflicts that ensued in the 3 decades between the censuses such as the Crimean War and First Boer War or more likely a change to the parish borders. In 1911 there was a total population of 388 and then a decade later in 1921 there was a decrease in population to 322, this could clearly be accredited to WWI. [8]

Total Population of Quenington, Gloucestershire, as reported by the Census of Population from 1801-2011

Transport[edit]

The B349 runs from the village transporting school children to Fairford and is not available to the general public. The service only operates during term time and is run by Denwell Minicoaches. [9] The B865 runs from Lechlade to Cirencester stopping at Quenington and 17 other stops. It is operated by APL Travel and runs 1 journey on a Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday. [10]

St Swithin's Church[edit]

The church is considered by the statutorily appointed body to safeguard old English and Welsh buildings from demolition to have been built around 1100, tying it in with records supporting its dedication to St Mary under the locally wealthy De Laci family. The Knights Templar took over the running of the church in 1193 from St Peter's Abbey, Gloucester, to whom the church had been granted (or by whom appropriated) 55 years earlier in 1138. The church currently has Grade I listed status. When first built the church was dedicated to the Virgin Mary. It was then rededicated to St Swithin due to the 16th century reformation.[11]

Village hall[edit]

In 1906 the Quenington Institute was donated to the village by Thomas Bazley, a local land owner to be used as a village meeting place. In January 2013, the village hall moved to new premises, The Gate on the Green had previously been used as a chapel since 1926 until services ended in 2010. The name was officially changed from the Gate on the Green to Quenington Village Hall and opened on 11 May 2013. [12]

In film, literature and the media[edit]

Its pub and inn The Keepers Arms featured in Four In A Bed documented for Channel 4 in the summer of 2014 and were crowned winners of the competition. The episode aired in early 2015. [13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "<Quenington>(Parish): Key Figure for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Rudge, Thomas (1803). The History of the County of Gloucester. Harris. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  3. ^ Viner, David (1998). "QUENINGTON CORN MILL AND ITS PERIPATETIC WATER WHEEL" (PDF). Gloucestershire Society for Industrial Archaeology Journal: 23. Retrieved 25 March 2015. 
  4. ^ Wilson, John Marius (1870). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. Edinburgh: A. Fullerton & Co. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  5. ^ "A Vision of Britain through Time, Male and Female Occupation data, 1881". Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  6. ^ "Industry of Employment - All People, 2001 (KS11A)". Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  7. ^ "Distance Travelled to Work - Workplace Population, 2001 (UV80)". Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  8. ^ "Total Population, A Vision of Britain through Time.". Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  9. ^ "Details of Denwell Minicoaches's bus service number 349 between Quenington and Fairford (Farmors School)". Retrieved 25 March 2015. 
  10. ^ "Details of APL Travel's bus service number 865 between Lechlade and Cirencester". Retrieved 25 March 2015. 
  11. ^ "Quenington, St. Swithin". Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  12. ^ "Quenington Village Hall, History". Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  13. ^ "Quenington pub crowned winner of popular TV show Four in a Bed". Retrieved 25 March 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Quenington at Wikimedia Commons