Querelle

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This article is about the 1982 film directed by R.W.Fassbinder. For the 1947 novel by Jean Genet, see Querelle de Brest.
Querelle
Querelle, film poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Rainer Werner Fassbinder
Produced by Michael McLernon
Dieter Schidor
Sam Waynberg
Written by Rainer Werner Fassbinder
Burkhard Driest
Based on Querelle de Brest 
by Jean Genet
Starring Brad Davis
Franco Nero
Jeanne Moreau
Laurent Malet
Hanno Pöschl
Music by Peer Raben
Cinematography Xaver Schwarzenberger
Edited by Juliane Lorenz
Production
company
Distributed by Scotia (West Germany)
Gaumont (France)
Release dates
  • August 1982 (1982-08) (Montreal)
  • 31 August 1982 (1982-08-31) (Venice)
  • 8 September 1982 (1982-09-08) (France)
  • 16 September 1982 (1982-09-16) (West Germany)
Running time 108 minutes[1]
Country West Germany
France
Language English
Budget DEM4 million

Querelle is a 1982 West German-French English-language drama film directed by Rainer Werner Fassbinder and starring Brad Davis, adapted from French author Jean Genet's 1947 novel Querelle de Brest. It marked Fassbinder's final film as a writer/director; it was posthumously released just months after the director died of a drug overdose in June 1982.

Plot[edit]

The plot centers on the handsome Belgian sailor Georges Querelle, who is also a thief and murderer. When his ship, the Vengeur, arrives in Brest, he visits the Feria, a bar and brothel for sailors run by the madame Lysiane, whose lover Robert is Querelle's brother. Querelle has a love/hate relationship with his brother; when they meet at La Feria, they embrace, but also punch one another slowly and repeatedly in the belly. Lysiane's husband Nono tends bar and manages La Feria's underhanded affairs with the assistance of his friend, the corrupt police captain Mario.

Querelle makes a deal to sell opium to Nono, and murders his accomplice Vic. After delivering the drugs, Querelle announces that he wants to sleep with Lysiane. He knows that this means he will have to throw dice with Nono, who, as Lysiane's husband, has the privilege of playing a game of chance with all of her prospective lovers. If Nono loses, the suitor is allowed to proceed with his affair. If the suitor loses, however, he must submit to anal sex with Nono first. "That way, I can say my wife only sleeps with assholes," Nono says. Querelle deliberately loses the game, allowing himself to be sodomized by Nono. When Nono gloats about Querelle's "loss" to Robert, who won his dice game, the brothers end up in a violent fight. Later, Querelle becomes Lysiane's lover, and also has sex with Mario.

Luckily for Querelle, a construction worker called Gil murders his coworker Theo, who had been harassing and sexually assaulting him. Gil is also considered to be the murderer of Vic. Gil hides from the police in an abandoned prison, and Roger, who is in love with Gil, establishes contact between Querelle and Gil in the hopes that Querelle can help Gil flee. Querelle falls in love with Gil, who closely resembles his brother. Gil returns his affections, but Querelle betrays Gil by tipping off the police. Querelle had cleverly arranged it so that his murder of Vic is also blamed on Gil.

In parallel there is a plot line concerning Querelle's superior, Lieutenant Seblon, who is in love with Querelle, and constantly tries to prove his manliness to him. Seblon is aware that Querelle murdered Vic, but chooses to protect him. Near the end of the film, Seblon reveals his love and concern to a drunken Querelle, and they kiss and embrace before returning to Le Vengeur.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

According to Edmund White, Querelle was originally going to be made by Werner Schroeter, with a scenario by Burkhard Driest, and produced by Dieter Schidor. However, Schidor could not find the money to finance a film by Schroeter, and therefore turned to other directors, including John Schlesinger and Sam Peckinpah, before finally settling on Fassbinder. Driest wrote a radically different script for Fassbinder, who then "took the linear narrative and jumbled it up." White quotes Schidor as saying, "Fassbinder did something totally different, he took the words of Genet and tried to meditate on something other than the story. The story became totally unimportant for him. He also said publicly that the story was a sort of third-rate police story that wouldn't be worth making a movie about without putting a particular moral impact into it."[2]

Schroeter had wanted to make a black and white film with amateur actors and location shots, but Fassbinder instead shot it with professional actors in a lurid, expressionist color, and on sets in the studio. Edmund White comments that the result is a film in which, "Everything is bathed in an artificial light and the architectural elements are all symbolic."[2]

Soundtrack[edit]

Both songs were nominated to the 1984 Razzie Awards for "Worst Original Song"[3]

Reception[edit]

Querelle sold more than 100,000 tickets in the first three weeks after its release in Paris, the first time that a film with a strong homosexual theme had achieved such success.[2] However, the film received mixed reviews; critics who praised it called it a "noble experiment", while detractors called it incoherent and disjointed.[4] Penny Ashbrook calls Querelle Fassbinder's "perfect epitaph: an intensely personal statement that is the most uncompromising portrayal of male homosexual sensibility to come from a major filmmaker."[5] Edmund White considers Querelle the only film based on Genet's book that works, calling it "visually as artificial and menacing as Genet's prose."[6] Genet himself, in discussion with Schidor, said that he had not seen the film, commenting, "You can't smoke at the movies."[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "QUERELLE (18)". British Board of Film Classification. 1983-07-27. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  2. ^ a b c d White, Edmund. Genet: A Biography. Alfred A. Knopf 1993, pp. 615-616
  3. ^ Awards for Querelle on IMDb. Retrieved 21 January 2011.
  4. ^ Querelle Movie Reviews, Pictures - Rotten Tomatoes
  5. ^ Penny Ashbrook (1993). Gilbert, Harriet, ed. The Sexual Imagination: From Acker to Zola. London: Jonathan Cape. p. 87. ISBN 0-224-03535-5. 
  6. ^ White, Edmund. Genet: A Biography. Alfred A. Knopf 1993, p. 340

External links[edit]