|This article's factual accuracy is disputed. (September 2011)|
The questionable cause – also known as causal fallacy, false cause, or non causa pro causa ("non-cause for cause" in Latin) – is a category of informal fallacies in which a cause is incorrectly identified.
Fallacies of questionable cause include:
- Circular cause and consequence
- Correlation implies causation (cum hoc, ergo propter hoc)
- Fallacy of the single cause
- Post hoc ergo propter hoc
- Regression fallacy
- Spurious relationship
- Texas sharpshooter fallacy
- Third-cause fallacy
- Wrong direction
As no universal definition of causality exists, the use of the term "fallacy" might itself constitute a fallacy when applied to theories of causality.
- Non causa pro causa in the Fallacy Files by Gary N. Curtis