Quetta District

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Quetta District
District
Map of Quetta with Quetta District highlighted
Map of Quetta with Quetta District highlighted
Country Pakistan
Province Balochistan
Established April 1983
Headquarters Quetta
Government
 • Deputy Commissioner Hashim Ghilzai[1]
 • District Nazim Vacant
Population (2008)
 • Total 1,140,000
 • Density 281/km2 (730/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of Tehsils 2
Website balochistan.gov.pk

Quetta (Pashto: کوټه‎, Balochi: کوئٹہ) is a district in the north-west of Balochistan province of Pakistan.It was part of Quetta Division until the year 2000 when divisions were abolished. The district is famous for its agriculture produce, most notably fruit orchards but also including apples and grapes. The Hanna Valley is an area where almonds are grown. it is also called the city of afghan refugees. The population in 2008 was estimated to be 1.14 million[2]

History[edit]

The ancient name of Quetta was Shalkot, a term by which it is still known among the people of the country, the District was held in turns by the Ghaznavids, Ghurids, and Mongols, and towards the end of the fifteenth century was conferred by the ruler of Herat on Shah Beg Arghun, who, however, had shortly to give way before the rising power of the Mughals. The Ain-e-Akbari mentions both Shal and Pishin as supplying military service and revenue to Akbar, however these areas passed with Kandahar to the Safavids. On the rise of the Ghilzai power in Kandahar at the beginning of the eighteenth century, simultaneously with that of the Baloch in Kalat, Quetta and Pishin became the battle-ground between Afghan and Baloch, Ahmed Shah Durrani Finally handed Quetta over to the Khan of Kalat Mir Noori Naseer Khan Baloch for helping him with his Baloch Army against Persians in iran in 1751 against Marathas in Battle of Panipat (1761) and against Sikh in 1765 .[3]

British Era[edit]

During the 19th century Quetta (Shalkot) was captured by the British troops during the Second Anglo-Afghan War of 1879.[citation needed]

On the advance of the British Army of the Indus in 1839, Captain Bean was appointed the first Political Agent in ShalKot, and the country was managed by him on behalf of Shah Shuja-ul-mulk. After Sir Robert Sandeman's mission to Kalat in 1876, the Quetta Fort was occupied by his escort and the country was managed on behalf of the Khan of Kalat up to 1883, when it was leased to the British Government for an annual rent of Rs. 25,000 through a treaty between Khan and the British Empire. It was formed, with Pishin and Shorarud, into a single administrative charge in 1883. Up to 1888 Old Chaman was the most advanced post on the frontier; but, on the extension of the railroad across the Khwaja Amran, the terminus was fixed at its present site, 7 miles (11 km) from that place. The boundary with Afghanistan was finally demarcated in 1895-6.[3]

The city area of Shalkot was inhabited by the Kasi Tribe. Being on the outskirts of Kandahar, it was not much developed. With the arrival of British troops, doors of development were opened. Very soon people saw roads, trains and schools in the area.[citation needed]

Administration[edit]

Subdivisions[edit]

In 1975, Quetta and Pishin were made separate districts. Quetta district today consists of two Towns: Zarghoon and Chiltan.[4] The district also comprises one Sub-Tehsil - Punjpai.

Tehsils[edit]

Quetta district is administratively subdivided into two Tehsils:[5]

Provincial assembly[edit]

The district is represented in the provincial assembly by six constituencies.[6]

People[edit]

Over 99% of the people of the area are Muslims. The population of Quetta district was estimated to be over 1300,000 in 2005. Around 90% of the population of the district is Pashtun.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 30°10′N 67°00′E / 30.167°N 67.000°E / 30.167; 67.000